The reaction catalyzed by topoisomerases leads to the conversion of one topological isomer of DNA to another.
Involvement in disease
Note=A chromosomal aberration involving TOP1 is found in a form of therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome. Translocation t(11;20)(p15;q11) with NUP98.
Belongs to the eukaryotic type I topoisomerase family.
Sumoylated. Lys-117 is the main site of sumoylation. Sumoylation plays a role in partitioning TOP1 between nucleoli and nucleoplasm. Levels are dramatically increased on camptothecin (CPT) treatment.
Nucleus > nucleolus. Nucleus > nucleoplasm. Diffuse nuclear localization with some enrichment in nucleoli. On CPT treatment, cleared from nucleoli into nucleoplasm. Sumolyated forms found in both nucleoplasm and nucleoli.