The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Endotoxin level< 0.100 Eu/µg
% SDS-PAGE. Purity : Greater than 98% by SDS-PAGE gel and HPLC analyses.
Endotoxin level is less than 0.1 ng per µg (1EU/µg).
Additional notesThe biological activity of this product was determined by its ability to induce NFkappaB in RAW264.7 cells in the absence of any cross-linking. The expected ED50 for this effect is 10.0-25.0 ng/ml.
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Preparation and Storage
Stability and Storage
Shipped at 4°C. Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -80°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
This product is an active protein and may elicit a biological response in vivo, handle with caution.
Osteoclast differentiation factor
Receptor activator of NF-kappa-B ligand
Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand
Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand
TNF-related activation-induced cytokine
Tumor necrosis factor (ligand) superfamily member 11
Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 11
FunctionCytokine that binds to TNFRSF11B/OPG and to TNFRSF11A/RANK. Osteoclast differentiation and activation factor. Augments the ability of dendritic cells to stimulate naive T-cell proliferation. May be an important regulator of interactions between T-cells and dendritic cells and may play a role in the regulation of the T-cell-dependent immune response. May also play an important role in enhanced bone-resorption in humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy.
Tissue specificityHighest in the peripheral lymph nodes, weak in spleen, peripheral blood Leukocytes, bone marrow, heart, placenta, skeletal muscle, stomach and thyroid.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in TNFSF11 are the cause of osteopetrosis autosomal recessive type 2 (OPTB2) [MIM:259710]; also known as osteoclast-poor osteopetrosis. Osteopetrosis is a rare genetic disease characterized by abnormally dense bone, due to defective resorption of immature bone. The disorder occurs in two forms: a severe autosomal recessive form occurring in utero, infancy, or childhood, and a benign autosomal dominant form occurring in adolescence or adulthood. Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis is usually associated with normal or elevated amount of non-functional osteoclasts. OPTB2 is characterized by paucity of osteoclasts, suggesting a molecular defect in osteoclast development.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the tumor necrosis factor family.
Post-translational modificationsThe soluble form of isoform 1 derives from the membrane form by proteolytic processing (By similarity). The cleavage may be catalyzed by ADAM17.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm; Secreted and Cell membrane.