Guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF), which can activate some, but not all, G-alpha proteins. Able to activate GNAI1, GNAO1 and GNAQ, but not GNAS by exchanging bound GDP for free GTP. Involved in regulation of microtubule pulling forces during mitotic movement of chromosomes by stimulating G(i)-alpha protein, possibly leading to release G(i)-alpha-GTP and NuMA proteins from the NuMA-GPSM2-G(i)-alpha-GDP complex (By similarity). Also acts as an activator for G(q)-alpha (GNAQ) protein by enhancing the G(q)-coupled receptor-mediated ERK activation.
Belongs to the synembryn family.
Cytoplasm. Cell membrane. Colocalizes with RIC8A in CA2 hippocampal neurons. Colocalizes with GNAI1 and RGS14 at the plasma membrane (By similarity).
Boularan C et al. Resistance to inhibitors of cholinesterase (Ric)-8A and Gai contribute to cytokinesis abscission by controlling vacuolar protein-sorting (Vps)34 activity. PLoS One9:e86680 (2014).
WB, IP, ICC/IF
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