1/500 - 1/2000. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
FunctionDNA- and RNA binding protein, involved in several nuclear processes. Essential pre-mRNA splicing factor required early in spliceosome formation and for splicing catalytic step II, probably as an heteromer with NONO. Binds to pre-mRNA in spliceosome C complex, and specifically binds to intronic polypyrimidine tracts. Interacts with U5 snRNA, probably by binding to a purine-rich sequence located on the 3' side of U5 snRNA stem 1b. May be involved in a pre-mRNA coupled splicing and polyadenylation process as component of a snRNP-free complex with SNRPA/U1A. The SFPQ-NONO heteromer associated with MATR3 may play a role in nuclear retention of defective RNAs. SFPQ may be involved in homologous DNA pairing; in vitro, promotes the invasion of ssDNA between a duplex DNA and produces a D-loop formation. The SFPQ-NONO heteromer may be involved in DNA unwinding by modulating the function of topoisomerase I/TOP1; in vitro, stimulates dissociation of TOP1 from DNA after cleavage and enhances its jumping between separate DNA helices. The SFPQ-NONO heteromer may be involved in DNA nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) required for double-strand break repair and V(D)J recombination and may stabilize paired DNA ends; in vitro, the complex strongly stimulates DNA end joining, binds directly to the DNA substrates and cooperates with the Ku70/G22P1-Ku80/XRCC5 (Ku) dimer to establish a functional preligation complex. SFPQ is involved in transcriptional regulation. Transcriptional repression is probably mediated by an interaction of SFPQ with SIN3A and subsequent recruitment of histone deacetylases (HDACs). The SFPQ-NONO/SF-1 complex binds to the CYP17 promoter and regulates basal and cAMP-dependent transcriptional avtivity. SFPQ isoform Long binds to the DNA binding domains (DBD) of nuclear hormone receptors, like RXRA and probably THRA, and acts as transcriptional corepressor in absence of hormone ligands. Binds the DNA sequence 5'-CTGAGTC-3' in the insulin-like growth factor response element (IGFRE) and inhibits IGF-I-stimulated transcriptional activity.
Involvement in diseaseNote=A chromosomal aberration involving SFPQ may be a cause of papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC). Translocation t(X;1)(p11.2;p34) with TFE3.
Post-translational modificationsThe N-terminus is blocked. Phosphorylated on multiple serine and threonine residues during apoptosis. In vitro phosphorylated by PKC. Phosphorylation stimulates binding to DNA and D-loop formation, but inhibits binding to RNA. Arg-7, Arg-9, Arg-19 and Arg-25 are dimethylated, probably to asymmetric dimethylarginine.
Cellular localizationNucleus matrix. Predominantly in nuclear matrix.
Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections) analysis of human prostate carcinoma (left) and mouse CT26 colon carcinoma (right) tissues labelling SFPQ with ab99357 at 1/500 (0.4 µg/ml). Detection: DAB.
Western blot - SFPQ antibody (ab99357)
All lanes : Anti-SFPQ antibody (ab99357) at 0.04 µg/ml
Lane 1 : HeLa whole cell lysate at 50 µg Lane 2 : HeLa whole cell lysate at 15 µg Lane 3 : HeLa whole cell lysate at 5 µg Lane 4 : Mouse NIH3T3 whole cell lysate at 50 µg
Developed using the ECL technique
Predicted band size : 76 kDa
Exposure time : 3 seconds
Immunoprecipitation - SFPQ antibody (ab99357)
ab99357 at 1 µg/ml detecting SFPQ in HeLa whole cell lysate by western blot analysis following immunoprecipitation. Detection utilised ECL with a 1 second exposure.
For immunoprecipitation, ab99357 was used at at 3 µg/mg lysate; 1 mg of lysate was used for IP and 20% of IP was loaded.
Lane 1; IP using ab99357
Lane 2; IP using control IgG.
References for Anti-SFPQ antibody (ab99357)
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