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Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab51451 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|IHC-P||Use at an assay dependent concentration. PubMed: 20519446|
|WB||1/2000 - 1/20000. Predicted molecular weight: 48 kDa. Stimulation with 2 ng/ml TGF-beta for 1 hour is suggested.|
|ELISA||1/25000 - 1/100000.|
|ICC/IF||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
ab51451 at 2.5 µg/ml staining epidermal keratinocytes at 40X. This image shows strong nuclear staining with localization of the antibody as the precipated red siganl and a hematoxylin purple nuclear counterstain.
ab51451 staining Smad3 (phospho S423 + S425) in PC3 and LnCAP cells by ICC/IF (Immunocytochemistry/immunofluorescence). Cells were fixed with paraformaldehyde, permeabilized with 70% ethanol and blocked for 1 hour at 26°C. Samples were incubated with primary antibody (1/150) for 16 hours at 4°C. An IRDye® 800CW-conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG polyclonal (1/500) was used as the secondary antibody. NC-PC3 - negative control PC3 cells, NC-LnCAP - negative control LnCAP cells.