Recombinant
RabMAb

Anti-Smad2 antibody [EP567Y] (Alexa Fluor® 488) (ab196320)

Overview

  • Product name
    Anti-Smad2 antibody [EP567Y] (Alexa Fluor® 488)
    See all Smad2 primary antibodies
  • Description
    Rabbit monoclonal [EP567Y] to Smad2 (Alexa Fluor® 488)
  • Conjugation
    Alexa Fluor® 488. Ex: 495nm, Em: 519nm
  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: ICC/IF, Flow Cytmore details
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Human
  • Immunogen

    A synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding the MH2 domain of human Smad2.

  • Positive control
    • ICC/IF: Jurkat cells. Flow Cyt: Jurkat cells.
  • General notes

    Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMab® patents

    Alexa Fluor® is a registered trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc, a Thermo Fisher Scientific Company. The Alexa Fluor® dye included in this product is provided under an intellectual property license from Life Technologies Corporation. As this product contains the Alexa Fluor® dye, the purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). As this product contains the Alexa Fluor® dye the sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components, or any materials made using the product or its components, in any activity to generate revenue, which may include, but is not limited to use of the product or its components: in manufacturing; (ii) to provide a service, information, or data in return for payment (iii) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; or (iv) for resale, regardless of whether they are sold for use in research. For information on purchasing a license to use products containing Alexa Fluor® dyes for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, 5791 Van Allen Way, Carlsbad, CA 92008 USA or outlicensing@lifetech.com

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab196320 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
ICC/IF 1/50.
Flow Cyt 1/500.

ab199091 - Rabbit monoclonal IgG (Alexa Fluor® 488), is suitable for use as an isotype control with this antibody.

Target

  • Function
    Receptor-regulated SMAD (R-SMAD) that is an intracellular signal transducer and transcriptional modulator activated by TGF-beta (transforming growth factor) and activin type 1 receptor kinases. Binds the TRE element in the promoter region of many genes that are regulated by TGF-beta and, on formation of the SMAD2/SMAD4 complex, activates transcription. May act as a tumor suppressor in colorectal carcinoma.
  • Tissue specificity
    Expressed at high levels in skeletal muscle, heart and placenta.
  • Sequence similarities
    Belongs to the dwarfin/SMAD family.
    Contains 1 MH1 (MAD homology 1) domain.
    Contains 1 MH2 (MAD homology 2) domain.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    Phosphorylated on one or several of Thr-220, Ser-245, Ser-250, and Ser-255. In response to TGF-beta, phosphorylated on Ser-465/467 by TGF-beta and activin type 1 receptor kinases. Able to interact with SMURF2 when phosphorylated on Ser-465/467, recruiting other proteins, such as SNON, for degradation. In response to decorin, the naturally occurring inhibitor of TGF-beta signaling, phosphorylated on Ser-240 by CaMK2. Phosphorylated by MAPK3 upon EGF stimulation; which increases transcriptional activity and stability, and is blocked by calmodulin.
    In response to TGF-beta, ubiquitinated by NEDD4L; which promotes its degradation.
    Acetylated on Lys-19 by coactivators in response to TGF-beta signaling, which increases transcriptional activity. Isoform short: Acetylation increases DNA binding activity in vitro and enhances its association with target promoters in vivo. Acetylation in the nucleus by EP300 is enhanced by TGF-beta.
  • Cellular localization
    Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasmic and nuclear in the absence of TGF-beta. On TGF-beta stimulation, migrates to the nucleus when complexed with SMAD4. On dephosphorylation by phosphatase PPM1A, released from the SMAD2/SMAD4 complex, and exported out of the nucleus by interaction with RANBP1.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links
  • Alternative names
    • Drosophila, homolog of, MADR2 antibody
    • hMAD-2 antibody
    • HsMAD2 antibody
    • JV18 antibody
    • JV18-1 antibody
    • JV181 antibody
    • MAD antibody
    • MAD homolog 2 antibody
    • MAD Related Protein 2 antibody
    • Mad-related protein 2 antibody
    • MADH2 antibody
    • MADR2 antibody
    • MGC22139 antibody
    • MGC34440 antibody
    • Mother against DPP homolog 2 antibody
    • Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 2 antibody
    • Mothers against decapentaplegic, Drosophila, homolog of, 2 antibody
    • Mothers against DPP homolog 2 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000163489 antibody
    • Sma and Mad related protein 2 antibody
    • Sma- and Mad-related protein 2 MAD antibody
    • SMAD 2 antibody
    • SMAD family member 2 antibody
    • SMAD, mothers against DPP homolog 2 antibody
    • SMAD2 antibody
    • SMAD2_HUMAN antibody
    see all

Images

  • Overlay histogram showing Jurkat cells stained with ab196320 (red line). The cells were fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min) and then permeabilized with 0.1% PBS-Tween for 20 min. The cells were then incubated in 1x PBS / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine to block non-specific protein-protein interactions followed by the antibody (ab196320, 1/500 dilution) for 30 min at 22°C. Isotype control antibody (black line) was rabbit IgG (monoclonal) Alexa Fluor® 488 used at the same concentration and conditions as the primary antibody. Unlabelled sample (blue line) was also used as a control.

    Acquisition of >5,000 events were collected using a 20mW Argon ion laser (488nm) and 525/30 bandpass filter.

    This antibody gave a positive signal in Jurkat fixed with 80% methanol (5 min)/permeabilized with 0.1% PBS-Tween for 20 min used under the same conditions.

  • ab196320 staining Smad2 in Jurkat cells. The cells were fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min), permeabilized in 0.1% Triton X-100 for 5 minutes and then blocked in 1% BSA/10% normal goat serum/0.3M glycine in 0.1%PBS-Tween for 1h. The cells were then incubated with ab196320 at 1/50 dilution (shown in green) overnight at +4°C. Nuclear DNA was labelled in blue with DAPI.

    Image was taken with a confocal microscope (Leica-Microsystems, TCS SP8).

References

ab196320 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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Please note: All products are "FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY AND ARE NOT INTENDED FOR DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC USE"

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