The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 0.3 - 1 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 90 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 100 kDa).
FunctionTransporter which plays an important role in sodium-mediated fluid transport in different organs. Prevents severe morphological changes of the cornea caused by increased sodium chloride concentrations in the stroma. In the inner ear, is involved in transport of potassium through the fibrocyte layer to the stria vascularis and is essential for the generation of the endocochlear potential but not for regulation of potassium concentrations in the endolymph. In the kidney, is essential for urinary concentration, mediates a sodium flux into the thin descending limb of Henle loop to allow countercurrent multiplication by osmotic equilibration (By similarity). Involved in borate homeostasis. In the absence of borate, it functions as a Na(+) and OH(-)(H(+)) channel. In the presence of borate functions as an electrogenic Na(+) coupled borate cotransporter.
Tissue specificityWidely expressed. Highly expressed in kidney, testis, salivary gland, thyroid, trachea and corneal endothelium. Not detected in retina and lymphocytes.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in SLC4A11 are the cause of corneal dystrophy and perceptive deafness (CDPD) [MIM:217400]; also known as corneal dystrophy and sensorineural deafness or Harboyan syndrome. CDPD consists of congenital corneal endothelial dystrophy and progressive perceptive deafness. Inheritance is autosomal recessive. Defects in SLC4A11 are the cause of corneal endothelial dystrophy type 2 (CHED2) [MIM:217700]; also known as congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy of cornea. This bilateral corneal dystrophy is characterized by corneal opacification and nystagmus. Inheritance is autosomal recessive. Defects in SLC4A11 are the cause of corneal dystrophy Fuchs endothelial type 4 (FECD4) [MIM:613268]; also known as Corneal dystrophy Fuchs endothelial late-onset. It is an ocular disorder caused by loss of endothelium of the central cornea. It is characterized by focal wart-like guttata that arise from Descemet membrane and develop in the central cornea, epithelial blisters, reduced vision and pain. Descemet membrane is thickened by abnormal collagenous deposition.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the anion exchanger (TC 2.A.31) family.