Abcam is committed to meeting high standards of ethical manufacturing and as such, we will be discontinuing this product, which has been generated by the ascites method, within the next year. We are sorry for any inconvenience this may cause. If you would like help finding an alternative product, please do not hesitate to contact our scientific support team.
Shipped at 4°C. Upon delivery aliquot and store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze / thaw cycles.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
WB: Use at a concentration of 1-5 µg/ml.
Not yet tested in other applications. Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Transcriptional activator required for lipid homeostasis. Regulates transcription of the LDL receptor gene as well as the fatty acid and to a lesser degree the cholesterol synthesis pathway (By similarity). Binds to the sterol regulatory element 1 (SRE-1) (5'-ATCACCCCAC-3'). Has dual sequence specificity binding to both an E-box motif (5'-ATCACGTGA-3') and to SRE-1 (5'-ATCACCCCAC-3').
Expressed in a wide variety of tissues, most abundant in liver and adrenal gland. In fetal tissues lung and liver shows highest expression. Isoform SREBP-1C predominates in liver, adrenal gland and ovary, whereas isoform SREBP-1A predominates in hepatoma cell lines. Isoform SREBP-1A and isoform SREBP-1C are found in kidney, brain, white fat, and muscle.
Belongs to the SREBP family. Contains 1 basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) domain.
At low cholesterol the SCAP/SREBP complex is recruited into COPII vesicles for export from the ER. In the Golgi complex SREBPs are cleaved sequentially by site-1 and site-2 protease. The first cleavage by site-1 protease occurs within the luminal loop, the second cleavage by site-2 protease occurs within the first transmembrane domain and releases the transcription factor from the Golgi membrane. Apoptosis triggers cleavage by the cysteine proteases caspase-3 and caspase-7. Phosphorylated by AMPK, leading to suppress protein processing and nuclear translocation, and repress target gene expression. Phosphorylation at Ser-402 by SIK1 represses activity possibly by inhibiting DNA-binding.
Nucleus and Endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Golgi apparatus membrane. Cytoplasmic vesicle > COPII-coated vesicle membrane. Moves from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi in the absence of sterols.