The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
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Preparation and Storage
Stability and Storage
Shipped at 4°C. Store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
Information available upon request.
It is recommended vials be centrifuged prior to opening.
Water can be used to prepare stock solutions of 20 µmol.L-1. Stock solutions with up to 30% DMSO/water can also be prepared.
Anaphylatoxin C5a analog
C3 and PZP-like alpha-2-macroglobulin domain-containing protein 4
Complement C5 alpha'' chain
Complement component C5
Activation of C5 by a C5 convertase initiates the spontaneous assembly of the late complement components, C5-C9, into the membrane attack complex. C5b has a transient binding site for C6. The C5b-C6 complex is the foundation upon which the lytic complex is assembled. Derived from proteolytic degradation of complement C5, C5 anaphylatoxin is a mediator of local inflammatory process. It induces the contraction of smooth muscle, increases vascular permeability and causes histamine release from mast cells and basophilic leukocytes. C5a also stimulates the locomotion of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (chemokinesis) and direct their migration toward sites of inflammation (chemotaxis).
Involvement in disease
Complement component 5 deficiency An association study of C5 haplotypes and genotypes in individuals with chronic hepatitis C virus infection shows that individuals homozygous for the C5_1 haplotype have a significantly higher stage of liver fibrosis than individuals carrying at least 1 other allele (PubMed:15995705).