Anti-TGF beta Receptor II (phospho S225/250) antibody (ab111564)

Overview

  • Product nameAnti-TGF beta Receptor II (phospho S225/250) antibody
    See all TGF beta Receptor II primary antibodies
  • Description
    Rabbit polyclonal to TGF beta Receptor II (phospho S225/250)
  • Specificityab111564 detects endogenous levels of TGF beta Receptor II only when phosphorylated at serine 225/250.
  • Tested applicationsSuitable for: IHC-Pmore details
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Human
    Predicted to work with: Mouse
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic phosphopeptide derived from Human TGF beta Receptor II around the phosphorylation site of Serine 225/250 (D-R-SP-D-I).

  • Positive control
    • Human brain tissue

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab111564 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
IHC-P 1/50 - 1/100. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.

Target

  • FunctionTransmembrane serine/threonine kinase forming with the TGF-beta type I serine/threonine kinase receptor, TGFBR1, the non-promiscuous receptor for the TGF-beta cytokines TGFB1, TGFB2 and TGFB3. Transduces the TGFB1, TGFB2 and TGFB3 signal from the cell surface to the cytoplasm and is thus regulating a plethora of physiological and pathological processes including cell cycle arrest in epithelial and hematopoietic cells, control of mesenchymal cell proliferation and differentiation, wound healing, extracellular matrix production, immunosuppression and carcinogenesis. The formation of the receptor complex composed of 2 TGFBR1 and 2 TGFBR2 molecules symmetrically bound to the cytokine dimer results in the phosphorylation and the activation of TGFRB1 by the constitutively active TGFBR2. Activated TGFBR1 phosphorylates SMAD2 which dissociates from the receptor and interacts with SMAD4. The SMAD2-SMAD4 complex is subsequently translocated to the nucleus where it modulates the transcription of the TGF-beta-regulated genes. This constitutes the canonical SMAD-dependent TGF-beta signaling cascade. Also involved in non-canonical, SMAD-independent TGF-beta signaling pathways.
  • Involvement in diseaseDefects in TGFBR2 are the cause of hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer type 6 (HNPCC6) [MIM:614331]. Mutations in more than one gene locus can be involved alone or in combination in the production of the HNPCC phenotype (also called Lynch syndrome). Most families with clinically recognized HNPCC have mutations in either MLH1 or MSH2 genes. HNPCC is an autosomal, dominantly inherited disease associated with marked increase in cancer susceptibility. It is characterized by a familial predisposition to early onset colorectal carcinoma (CRC) and extra-colonic cancers of the gastrointestinal, urological and female reproductive tracts. HNPCC is reported to be the most common form of inherited colorectal cancer in the Western world, and accounts for 15% of all colon cancers. Cancers in HNPCC originate within benign neoplastic polyps termed adenomas. Clinically, HNPCC is often divided into two subgroups. Type I: hereditary predisposition to colorectal cancer, a young age of onset, and carcinoma observed in the proximal colon. Type II: patients have an increased risk for cancers in certain tissues such as the uterus, ovary, breast, stomach, small intestine, skin, and larynx in addition to the colon. Diagnosis of classical HNPCC is based on the Amsterdam criteria: 3 or more relatives affected by colorectal cancer, one a first degree relative of the other two; 2 or more generation affected; 1 or more colorectal cancers presenting before 50 years of age; exclusion of hereditary polyposis syndromes. The term "suspected HNPCC" or "incomplete HNPCC" can be used to describe families who do not or only partially fulfill the Amsterdam criteria, but in whom a genetic basis for colon cancer is strongly suspected. HNPCC6 is a type of colorectal cancer complying with the clinical criteria of HNPCC, except that the onset of cancer was beyond 50 years of age in all cases.
    Defects in TGFBR2 are a cause of esophageal cancer (ESCR) [MIM:133239].
    Defects in TGFBR2 are the cause of Loeys-Dietz syndrome type 1B (LDS1B) [MIM:610168]. LDS1 is an aortic aneurysm syndrome with widespread systemic involvement. The disorder is characterized by arterial tortuosity and aneurysms, craniosynostosis, hypertelorism, and bifid uvula or cleft palate. Other findings include exotropy, micrognathia and retrognathia, structural brain abnormalities, intellectual deficit, congenital heart disease, translucent skin, joint hyperlaxity and aneurysm with dissection throughout the arterial tree.
    Defects in TGFBR2 are the cause of Loeys-Dietz syndrome type 2B (LDS2B) [MIM:610380]. An aortic aneurysm syndrome with widespread systemic involvement. Physical findings include prominent joint laxity, easy bruising, wide and atrophic scars, velvety and translucent skin with easily visible veins, spontaneous rupture of the spleen or bowel, diffuse arterial aneurysms and dissections, and catastrophic complications of pregnancy, including rupture of the gravid uterus and the arteries, either during pregnancy or in the immediate postpartum period. LDS2 is characterized by the absence of craniofacial abnormalities with the exception of bifid uvula that can be present in some patients. Note=TGFBR2 mutations Cys-460 and His-460 have been reported to be associated with thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissection (TAAD). This phenotype, also known as thoracic aortic aneurysms type 3 (AAT3), is distinguised from LDS2B by having aneurysms restricted to thoracic aorta. As individuals carrying these mutations also exhibit descending aortic disease and aneurysms of other arteries (PubMed:16027248), they have been considered as LDS2B by the OMIM resource.
  • Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the protein kinase superfamily. TKL Ser/Thr protein kinase family. TGFB receptor subfamily.
    Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    Phosphorylated on a Ser/Thr residue in the cytoplasmic domain.
  • Cellular localizationCell membrane.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links
  • Alternative names
    • AAT3 antibody
    • FAA3 antibody
    • LDS1B antibody
    • LDS2 antibody
    • LDS2B antibody
    • MFS2 antibody
    • RIIC antibody
    • TAAD2 antibody
    • TbetaR II antibody
    • TbetaR-II antibody
    • TGF beta receptor type 2 antibody
    • TGF beta receptor type II antibody
    • TGF beta receptor type IIB antibody
    • TGF beta type II receptor antibody
    • TGF-beta receptor type II antibody
    • TGF-beta receptor type-2 antibody
    • TGF-beta type II receptor antibody
    • TGF-beta-R2 antibody
    • TGFB R2 antibody
    • TGFbeta - RII antibody
    • TGFbeta RII antibody
    • Tgfbr2 antibody
    • TGFR-2 antibody
    • TGFR2_HUMAN antibody
    • Transforming growth factor beta receptor II antibody
    • Transforming growth factor beta receptor type II antibody
    • Transforming growth factor beta receptor type IIC antibody
    • Transforming growth factor, beta receptor II (70/80kDa) antibody
    • transforming growth factor, beta receptor II alpha antibody
    • transforming growth factor, beta receptor II beta antibody
    • transforming growth factor, beta receptor II delta antibody
    • transforming growth factor, beta receptor II epsilon antibody
    • transforming growth factor, beta receptor II gamma antibody
    • Transforming growth factor-beta receptor type II antibody
    see all

Anti-TGF beta Receptor II (phospho S225/250) antibody images

  • ab111564, at 1/50 dilution, staining TGF beta Receptor II in paraffin-embedded Human brain tissue by Immunohistochemistry, in the presence (right panel) or absence (left panel) of immunising peptide.

References for Anti-TGF beta Receptor II (phospho S225/250) antibody (ab111564)

ab111564 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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