1/100 - 1/10000. ab172730-Rabbit monoclonal IgG, is suitable for use as an isotype control with this antibody.
Application notesIs unsuitable for ICC,IHC-P or IP.
FunctionParticipates in various redox reactions through the reversible oxidation of its active center dithiol to a disulfide and catalyzes dithiol-disulfide exchange reactions. Plays a role in the reversible S-nitrosylation of cysteine residues in target proteins, and thereby contributes to the response to intracellular nitric oxide. Nitrosylates the active site Cys of CASP3 in response to nitric oxide (NO), and thereby inhibits caspase-3 activity. Induces the FOS/JUN AP-1 DNA-binding activity in ionizing radiation (IR) cells through its oxidation/reduction status and stimulates AP-1 transcriptional activity. ADF augments the expression of the interleukin-2 receptor TAC (IL2R/P55).
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the thioredoxin family. Contains 1 thioredoxin domain.
Post-translational modificationsIn the fully reduced protein, both Cys-69 and Cys-73 are nitrosylated in response to nitric oxide (NO). When two disulfide bonds are present in the protein, only Cys-73 is nitrosylated. Cys-73 can serve as donor for nitrosylation of target proteins. In case of infection, ubiquitinated by S.typhimurium protein slrP, leading to its degradation.
Cellular localizationNucleus. Cytoplasm. Secreted. Secreted by a leaderless secretory pathway. Predominantly in the cytoplasm in non irradiated cells. Radiation induces translocation of TRX from the cytoplasm to the nucleus.
Overlay histogram showing HeLa cells stained with ab109385 (red line). The cells were fixed with 80% methanol (5 min)/ and then permeabilized with 0.1% PBS-Tween for 20 min. The cells were then incubated in 1x PBS / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine to block non-specific protein-protein interactions followed by the antibody (ab109385, 1/10000 dilution) for 30 min at 22°C. The secondary antibody used was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-rabbit IgG (H&L) (ab150077) at 1/2000 dilution for 30 min at 22°C. Isotype control antibody (black line) was rabbit IgG (monoclonal) (0.1μg/1x106 cells) used under the same conditions. Unlabelled sample (blue line) was also used as a control. Acquisition of >5,000 events were collected using a 20mW Argon ion laser (488nm) and 525/30 bandpass filter.
Western blot - Thioredoxin / TRX antibody [EPR6111] (ab109385)
All lanes : Anti-Thioredoxin / TRX antibody [EPR6111] (ab109385) at 1/10000 dilution
Lane 1 : MCF-7 cell lysate Lane 2 : THP-1 cell lysate Lane 3 : HeLa cell lysate Lane 4 : HepG2 cell lysate