This antibody gave a positive signal in Human Brain tissue lysate as well as the following whole cell lysates: HEK293; HeLa; MCF7; U20S.
Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
Storage bufferpH: 7.40 Preservative: 0.02% Sodium azide Constituent: PBS Note: Batches of this product that have a concentration < 1mg/ml may have BSA added as a stabilising agent. If you would like information about the formulation of a specific lot, please contact our scientific support team who will be happy to help.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 180 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 171 kDa).
FunctionRequired for DNA replication. Plays a role in the rescue of stalled replication forks and checkpoint control. Binds double-stranded DNA breaks and nicks as well as single-stranded DNA. Recruits the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex to E2F1-responsive promoters. Down-regulates E2F1 activity and inhibits E2F1-dependent apoptosis during G1/S transition and after DNA damage. Induces a large increase in the kinase activity of ATR.
Tissue specificityHighly expressed in heart, brain, placenta, lung and kidney.
Sequence similaritiesContains 8 BRCT domains.
Post-translational modificationsPhosphorylated on serine and threonine residues in response to X-ray irradiation. Ubiquitinated and degraded by the proteasome. X-ray irradiation reduces ubiquitination.
Cellular localizationNucleus. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle pole. Chromosome. Detected on unpaired autosomes in meiotic prophase cells. Detected on X and Y chromosomes during later stages of prophase. Colocalizes with ATR and H2AFX at unsynapsed chromosome cores during prophase (By similarity). Has a uniform nuclear distribution during G phase. Colocalizes with BRCA1 at stalled replication forks during S phase. In mitotic cells it colocalizes with BRCA1 at spindle poles and centrosomes during metaphase and anaphase. Detected in discrete foci together with PML and numerous DNA repair enzymes after DNA damage by alkylating agents, UV or gamma irradiation. Localizes to sites of DNA damage in a H2AX- independent manner.