The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
1/100. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
1/100 for 30 mins at RT. Boil tissue section in 10mM citrate buffer, pH 6.0 for 10 min followed by cooling at RT for 20 min.
FunctionThe reaction catalyzed by topoisomerases leads to the conversion of one topological isomer of DNA to another.
Involvement in diseaseNote=A chromosomal aberration involving TOP1 is found in a form of therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome. Translocation t(11;20)(p15;q11) with NUP98.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the eukaryotic type I topoisomerase family.
Post-translational modificationsSumoylated. Lys-117 is the main site of sumoylation. Sumoylation plays a role in partitioning TOP1 between nucleoli and nucleoplasm. Levels are dramatically increased on camptothecin (CPT) treatment.
Cellular localizationNucleus > nucleolus. Nucleus > nucleoplasm. Diffuse nuclear localization with some enrichment in nucleoli. On CPT treatment, cleared from nucleoli into nucleoplasm. Sumolyated forms found in both nucleoplasm and nucleoli.