Triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) catalyses the reversible interconversion of G3P and DHAP. Only G3P can be used in glycolysis, therefore TIM is essential for energy production, allowing two molecules of G3P to be produced for every glucose molecule, thereby doubling the energy yield. Defects in TPI1 are the cause of triosephosphate isomerase deficiency (TPI deficiency) [MIM:190450]. TPI deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder. It is the most severe clinical disorder of glycolysis. It is associated with neonatal jaundice, chronic hemolytic anemia, progressive neuromuscular dysfunction, cardiomyopathy and increased susceptibility to infection.
Cytoplasmic and Nuclear; extracellular vesicle exosome; extracellular space.
References for Anti-Triosephosphate isomerase antibody (ab96696)
This product has been referenced in:
Peng X et al. Autophagy promotes paclitaxel resistance of cervical cancer cells: involvement of Warburg effect activated hypoxia-induced factor 1-a-mediated signaling. Cell Death Dis5:e1367 (2014).
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Mukai C et al. Biomimicry enhances sequential reactions of tethered glycolytic enzymes, TPI and GAPDHS. PLoS One8:e61434 (2013).
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