The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Predicted molecular weight: 50 kDa. Good results were obtained when blocked with 5% non-fat dry milk in 0.05% PBS-T.
FunctionTubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha-chain.
Tissue specificityPreferentially expressed in heart, skeletal muscle and testis. Expressed at low levels in the developing brain.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in TUBA8 are the cause of polymicrogyria with optic nerve hypoplasia (PMGONH) [MIM:613180]. It is a disease characterized by extensive polymicrogyria, optic nerve hypoplasia, severe developmental delay, hypotonia, seizures, a dysplastic or absent corpus callosum and colpocephaly. Polymicrogyria is a malformation of the cortex in which the brain surface is irregular and characterized by an excessive number of small gyri with abnormal lamination.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the tubulin family.
Post-translational modificationsSome glutamate residues at the C-terminus are polyglutamylated. This modification occurs exclusively on glutamate residues and results in polyglutamate chains on the gamma-carboxyl group. Also monoglycylated but not polyglycylated due to the absence of functional TTLL10 in human. Monoglycylation is mainly limited to tubulin incorporated into axonemes (cilia and flagella) whereas glutamylation is prevalent in neuronal cells, centrioles, axonemes, and the mitotic spindle. Both modifications can coexist on the same protein on adjacent residues, and lowering glycylation levels increases polyglutamylation, and reciprocally. The precise function of such modifications is still unclear but they regulate the assembly and dynamics of axonemal microtubules.