Overview

  • Product name
  • Description
    Rabbit polyclonal to Vinculin
  • Host species
    Rabbit
  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: WB, IHC-P, ICC/IFmore details
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Mouse, Human
    Predicted to work with: Rat, Chicken, Cow, Xenopus tropicalis
  • Immunogen

    Recombinant fragment, corresponding to a region within amino acids 94-348 of Human Vinculin (UniProt P18206).

  • Positive control
    • NT2D1, U87-MG, MCF-7 and mouse brain tissue whole cell lysates, MCF-7 cells, Human hepatoma tissue.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab155120 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
WB 1/500 - 1/3000. Predicted molecular weight: 124 kDa.
IHC-P 1/100 - 1/1000. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol. Alternative antigen retrieval buffer: Tris-EDTA buffer pH 8.
ICC/IF 1/100 - 1/1000.

Target

  • Function
    Actin filament (F-actin)-binding protein involved in cell-matrix adhesion and cell-cell adhesion. Regulates cell-surface E-cadherin expression and potentiates mechanosensing by the E-cadherin complex. May also play important roles in cell morphology and locomotion.
  • Tissue specificity
    Metavinculin is muscle-specific.
  • Involvement in disease
    Defects in VCL are the cause of cardiomyopathy dilated type 1W (CMD1W) [MIM:611407]. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a disorder characterized by ventricular dilation and impaired systolic function, resulting in congestive heart failure and arrhythmia. Patients are at risk of premature death.
    Defects in VCL are the cause of cardiomyopathy familial hypertrophic type 15 (CMH15) [MIM:613255]. It is a hereditary heart disorder characterized by ventricular hypertrophy, which is usually asymmetric and often involves the interventricular septum. The symptoms include dyspnea, syncope, collapse, palpitations, and chest pain. They can be readily provoked by exercise. The disorder has inter- and intrafamilial variability ranging from benign to malignant forms with high risk of cardiac failure and sudden cardiac death.
  • Sequence similarities
    Belongs to the vinculin/alpha-catenin family.
  • Domain
    Exists in at least two conformations. When in the closed, 'inactive' conformation, extensive interactions between the head and tail domains prevent detectable binding to most of its ligands. It takes on an 'active' conformation after cooperative and simultaneous binding of two different ligands. This activation involves displacement of the head-tail interactions and leads to a significant accumulation of ternary complexes. The active form then binds a number of proteins that have both signaling and structural roles that are essential for cell adhesion.
    The N-terminal globular head (Vh) comprises of subdomains D1-D4. The C-terminal tail (Vt) binds F-actin and cross-links actin filaments into bundles. An intramolecular interaction between Vh and Vt masks the F-actin-binding domain located in Vt. The binding of talin and alpha-actinin to the D1 subdomain of vinculin induces a helical bundle conversion of this subdomain, leading to the disruption of the intramolecular interaction and the exposure of the cryptic F-actin-binding domain of Vt. Vt inhibits actin filament barbed end elongation without affecting the critical concentration of actin assembly.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    Phosphorylated; on serines, threonines and tyrosines. Phosphorylation on Tyr-1133 in activated platelets affects head-tail interactions and cell spreading but has no effect on actin binding nor on localization to focal adhesion plaques.
    Aceylated; mainly by myristic acid but also small amount of palmitic acid.
  • Cellular localization
    Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton. Cell junction > adherens junction. Cell membrane. Cytoplasmic face of adhesion plaques. Recruitment to cell-cell junctions occurs in a myosin II-dependent manner. Interaction with CTNNB1 is necessary for its localization to the cell-cell junctions.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links
  • Alternative names
    • CMD1W antibody
    • CMH15 antibody
    • Epididymis luminal protein 114 antibody
    • HEL114 antibody
    • Metavinculin antibody
    • MV antibody
    • MVCL antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000019861 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000019862 antibody
    • VCL antibody
    • VINC antibody
    • VINC_HUMAN antibody
    • Vinculin antibody
    see all

Images

  • Anti-Vinculin antibody (ab155120) at 1/1000 dilution + NT2D1 whole cell lysate at 30 µg

    Predicted band size: 124 kDa



    7.5% SDS PAGE
  • Anti-Vinculin antibody (ab155120) at 1/1000 dilution + Mouse brain whole cell lysate at 50 µg

    Predicted band size: 124 kDa



    7.5% SDS PAGE
  • Immunofluorescent analysis of paraffin methanol-fixed MCF-7 cells, labeling Vinculin with ab155120 at 1/500 dilution. Lower panel shows costaining of ab155120 (green) with Hoechst 33342 (blue).
  • Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded Human hepatoma tissue, labeling Vinculin with ab155120 at 1/500 dilution.

References

ab155120 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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Please note: All products are "FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY AND ARE NOT INTENDED FOR DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC USE"

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