General notesab94239 is a 293T cell transfected lysate in which Human XIAP has been transiently over-expressed using a pCMV-XIAP plasmid. The lysate is provided in 1 x Sample Buffer. Note: For more details about how the transfected lysate was prepared view preparation notes
BackgroundFunction: Apoptotic suppressor. Has E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase activity. Mediates the proteasomal degradation of target proteins, such as caspase-3, SMAC or AIFM1. Inhibitor of caspase-3, -7 and -9. Mediates activation of MAP3K7/TAK1, leading to the activation of NF-kappa-B.
Tissue specificity: Ubiquitous, except peripheral blood leukocytes.
Disease: Defects in XIAP are the cause of lymphoproliferative syndrome X-linked type 2 (XLP2) [MIM:300635]. XLP is a rare immunodeficiency characterized by extreme susceptibility to infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Symptoms include severe or fatal mononucleosis, acquired hypogammaglobulinemia, pancytopenia and malignant lymphoma.
Similarity: Belongs to the IAP family.
Contains 3 BIR repeats.
Contains 1 RING-type zinc finger.
Domain: The first BIR domain is involved in interaction with TAB1/MAP3K7IP1 and is important for dimerization. The second BIR domain is sufficient to inhibit caspase-3 and caspase-7, while the third BIR is involved in caspase-9 inhibition. The interactions with SMAC and PRSS25 are mediated by the second and third BIR domains.
PTM: Ubiquitinated and degraded by the proteasome in apoptotic cells.
Phosphorylation by PKB/AKT protects XIAP against ubiquitination and protects the protein against proteasomal degradation.