SpecificityThis antibody detects endogenous levels of Zap70 only when phosphorylated at tyrosine 319. The antibody may cross react with Syk when phosphorylatd at equivalent sites: Human - Tyr319, Mouse - Tyr318, Rat - Tyr314.
Purification notesThe antibody was purified from antiserum by affinity chromatography using epitope specific phosphopeptide. The antibody against non phosphopeptide was removed by chromatography using non phosphopeptide corresponding to the phosphorylation site.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
1/500 - 1/1000. Detects a band of approximately 70 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 70 kDa).
FunctionPlays a role in T-cell development and lymphocyte activation. Essential for TCR-mediated IL-2 production. Isoform 1 induces TCR-mediated signal transduction, isoform 2 does not.
Tissue specificityExpressed in T- and natural killer cells.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in ZAP70 are the cause of selective T-cell defect (STD) [MIM:176947]. STD is an autosomal recessive form of severe combined immunodeficiency characterized by a selective absence of CD8-type T-cells.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the protein kinase superfamily. Tyr protein kinase family. SYK/ZAP-70 subfamily. Contains 1 protein kinase domain. Contains 2 SH2 domains.
DomainThe SH2 domains bind to the phosphorylated tyrosine-based activation motif (TAM) of CD3Z and the non-canonical phosphorylated tyrosine-based activation motif (TAM) of RHOH.
Post-translational modificationsPhosphorylated on tyrosine residues upon T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) stimulation. Tyr-319 phosphorylation is essential for full activity.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm. Cell membrane. After antigen stimulation, isoform 1 concentrates at the immunological synapse and isoform 2 remains cytoplasmic. Co-localizes together with RHOH in the immunological synapse. RHOH is required for its proper localization to the cell membrane and cytoskeleton fractions in the thymocytes.