Transcription factor that can both act as an activator or a repressor depending on the context. Plays a central role in BMP signaling and olfactory neurogenesis. Associates with SMADs in response to BMP2 leading to activate transcription of BMP target genes. Acts as a transcriptional repressor via its interaction with EBF1, a transcription factor involved in terminal olfactory receptor neurons differentiation; this interaction preventing EBF1 to bind DNA and activate olfactory-specific genes. Involved in olfactory neurogenesis by participating in a developmental switch that regulates the transition from differentiation to maturation in olfactory receptor neurons. Controls proliferation and differentiation of neural precursors in cerebellar vermis formation.
Expressed in brain, lung, skeletal muscle, heart, pancreas and kidney but not liver or placenta. Also expressed in aorta, ovary, pituitary, small intestine, fetal brain, fetal kidney and, within the adult brain, in the substantia nigra, medulla, amygdala, thalamus and cerebellum.
Belongs to the krueppel C2H2-type zinc-finger protein family. Contains 30 C2H2-type zinc fingers.
Uses different DNA- and protein-binding zinc fingers to regulate the distinct BMP-Smad and Olf signaling pathways. C2H2-type zinc fingers 14-19 mediate the interaction with SMAD1 and SMAD4, while zinc fingers 28-30 mediate the interaction with EBF1. zinc fingers 2-8 bind the 5'-CCGCCC-3' DNA sequence in concert with EBF1, while zinc fingers 9-13 bind BMP target gene promoters in concert with SMADs.
Immunoprecipitation analysis of 1 mg (20% of IP loaded) of 293T whole cell lysate using: 1) ab169096 (6 µg/mg lysate), 2) another rabbit anti-ZNF423 antibody and 3) control IgG. For blotting ab169096 was used at 1 µg/ml. Detection by chemiluminescence with an exposure time of 3 minutes.