Overview

  • Product name
    Human Cardiac Troponin I ELISA Kit, Fluorescent
    See all Cardiac Troponin I kits
  • Detection method
    Fluorescent
  • Precision
    Intra-assay
    Sample n Mean SD CV%
    Overall 8 4.51%
    Inter-assay
    Sample n Mean SD CV%
    Overall 3 13.48%
  • Sample type
    Cell culture supernatant, Serum, Cell culture extracts, Tissue Extracts, Heparin Plasma, Tissue Homogenate
  • Assay type
    Sandwich (quantitative)
  • Sensitivity
    17 pg/ml
  • Range
    0.02 ng/ml - 10 ng/ml
  • Recovery

    Sample specific recovery
    Sample type Average % Range
    Serum 95 93% - 101%
    Cell culture media 102 93% - 105%
    Heparin Plasma 99 96% - 105%
    Tissue Homogenate 103 99% - 108%

  • Assay time
    1h 30m
  • Assay duration
    One step assay
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Human
  • Product overview

    Cardiac Troponin I in vitro CatchPoint SimpleStep ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay) kit is designed for the quantitative measurement of Cardiac Troponin I protein in human serum, plasma, cell culture supernatants, and cell and tissue extracts.


    This CatchPoint SimpleStep ELISA kit has been optimized for Molecular Devices Microplate Readers. Click here for a list of recommended Microplate Readers.
    If using a Molecular Devices’ plate reader supported by SoftMax® Pro software, a preconfigured protocol for these CatchPoint SimpleStep ELISA Kits is available with all the protocol and analysis settings at www.softmaxpro.org.


    The CatchPoint SimpleStep ELISA employs an affinity tag labeled capture antibody and a reporter conjugated detector antibody which immunocapture the sample analyte in solution. This entire complex (capture antibody/analyte/detector antibody) is in turn immobilized via immunoaffinity of an anti-tag antibody coating the well. To perform the assay, samples or standards are added to the wells, followed by the antibody mix. After incubation, the wells are washed to remove unbound material. CatchPoint HRP Development Solution containing the Stoplight Red Substrate is added. During incubation, the substrate is catalyzed by HRP generating a fluorescent product. Signal is generated proportionally to the amount of bound analyte and the intensity is measured in a fluorescence plater reader at 530/570/590 nm Excitation/Cutoff/Emission.

  • Notes

    The regulatory troponin complex regulates skeletal and cardiac muscle contraction. This complex, together with tropomyosin, is located on the actin filament and it is composed of three protein subunits: troponin T (the tropomyosin-binding subunit), troponin I (the inhibitory subunit, which inhibits the ATPase activity of acto-myosin), and troponin C (the Ca2+-binding subunit). Troponins T and I have unique cardiac isoforms, whereas cardiac and skeletal muscle share troponin C. Specifically, three human troponin I isoforms have been described: one is expressed in cardiac muscle (Cardiac Troponin I) and the other two are found in slow-twitch and fast-twitch skeletal muscle fibers (slow sTnI and fast sTnI, respectively). The overlap in sequence between Cardiac Troponin I and slow sTnI is approximately 40% and somewhat less for fast sTnI. Cardiac Troponin I is 209 amino acid long with a molecular weight of approximately 24 kDa. Mouse and rat Cardiac Troponin I proteins both show 93% amino acid identity to human Cardiac Troponin I.

    The presence of human Cardiac Troponin I in serum (together with chest pain and electrocardiographic changes) is now considered as one highly specific biochemical marker of myocardial injury, risk stratification of acute coronary syndrome and myocardial infarction. Mutations of Cardiac Troponin I are associated with hereditary cardiomyopathy. Specifically, defects in Cardiac Troponin I are the cause of cardiomyopathy familial hypertrophic type 7 (CMH7). Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a hereditary heart disorder characterized by ventricular hypertrophy, which is usually asymmetric and often involves the interventricular septum. The symptoms include dyspnea, syncope, collapse, palpitations, and chest pain. They can be readily provoked by exercise. The disorder has inter- and intra-familial variability ranging from benign to malignant forms with high risk of cardiac failure and sudden cardiac death. Defects in Cardiac Troponin I also cause cardiomyopathy familial restrictive type 1 (RCM1). RCM1 is a heart muscle disorder characterized by impaired filling of the ventricles with reduced diastolic volume, in the presence of normal or near normal wall thickness and systolic function. Furthermore, cardiomyopathy dilated type 2A (CMD2A) and cardiomyopathy dilated type 1FF (CMD1FF), disorders characterized by ventricular dilation and impaired systolic function resulting in congestive heart failure and arrhythmia, are caused by defects in Cardiac Troponin I.

  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: Sandwich ELISAmore details
  • Platform
    Pre-coated microplate (12 x 8 well strips)

Properties

  • Storage instructions
    Store at +4°C. Please refer to protocols.
  • Components 1 x 96 tests
    100X Stoplight Red Substrate 1 x 120µl
    10X Human Cardiac Troponin I Capture Antibody 1 x 600µl
    10X Human Cardiac Troponin I Detector Antibody 1 x 600µl
    10X Wash Buffer PT (ab206977) 1 x 20ml
    500X Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2, 3%) 1 x 50µl
    50X Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution 1 x 1ml
    5X Cell Extraction Buffer PTR (ab193970) 1 x 10ml
    Antibody Diluent CPI 1 x 6ml
    Human Cardiac Troponin I Lyophilized Recombinant Protein 2 vials
    Plate Seals 1 unit
    Sample Diluent NS 1 x 50ml
    SimpleStep Pre-Coated Black 96-Well Microplate 1 unit
    Stoplight Red Substrate Buffer 1 x 12ml
  • Research areas
  • Function
    Troponin I is the inhibitory subunit of troponin, the thin filament regulatory complex which confers calcium-sensitivity to striated muscle actomyosin ATPase activity.
  • Involvement in disease
    Defects in TNNI3 are the cause of cardiomyopathy familial hypertrophic type 7 (CMH7) [MIM:613690]. Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a hereditary heart disorder characterized by ventricular hypertrophy, which is usually asymmetric and often involves the interventricular septum. The symptoms include dyspnea, syncope, collapse, palpitations, and chest pain. They can be readily provoked by exercise. The disorder has inter- and intrafamilial variability ranging from benign to malignant forms with high risk of cardiac failure and sudden cardiac death.
    Defects in TNNI3 are the cause of cardiomyopathy familial restrictive type 1 (RCM1) [MIM:115210]. RCM1 is an heart muscle disorder characterized by impaired filling of the ventricles with reduced diastolic volume, in the presence of normal or near normal wall thickness and systolic function.
    Defects in TNNI3 are the cause of cardiomyopathy dilated type 2A (CMD2A) [MIM:611880]. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a disorder characterized by ventricular dilation and impaired systolic function, resulting in congestive heart failure and arrhythmia. Patients are at risk of premature death.
    Defects in TNNI3 are the cause of cardiomyopathy dilated type 1FF (CMD1FF) [MIM:613286]. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a disorder characterized by ventricular dilation and impaired systolic function, resulting in congestive heart failure and arrhythmia. Patients are at risk of premature death.
  • Sequence similarities
    Belongs to the troponin I family.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Alternative names
    • cardiac muscle
    • Cardiac troponin I
    • cardiomyopathy, dilated 2A (autosomal recessive)
    • Cardiomyopathy, familial hypertrophic, 7, included
    • CMD1FF
    • CMD2A
    • CMH7
    • cTnI
    • Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 7
    • MGC116817
    • RCM1
    • Tn1
    • Tni
    • TNN I3
    • TNNC 1
    • TNNC1
    • TNNI3
    • TNNI3_HUMAN
    • Troponin I
    • Troponin I cardiac
    • Troponin I cardiac muscle
    • Troponin I cardiac muscle isoform
    • Troponin I type 3 cardiac
    • troponin I, cardiac 3
    • TroponinI
    • Ttroponin I type 3 (cardiac)
    see all
  • Database links

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab229404 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
Sandwich ELISA Use at an assay dependent concentration.

Images

  • ELISA Protocol Summary
  • Background-subtracted data values (mean +/- SD) are graphed.

  • Recombinant human Cardiac Troponin I was spiked into serum (1:4), heparin plasma (1:4), and cell culture media (1:10) and then diluted in a 2-fold dilution series in Sample Diluent NS. The interpolated dilution factor corrected vales are graphed (mean +/- SD).

  • Native Cardiac Troponin I in human heart homogenate (0.4 µg/mL) was diluted in a 2-fold dilution series in 1X Cell Extraction Buffer PTR. The interpolated concentration corrected vales are graphed (mean +/- SD).

Protocols

References

ab229404 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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