Overview

  • Product name

    Anti-AIF antibody [7F7AB10] (Alexa Fluor® 488)
    See all AIF primary antibodies
  • Description

    Mouse monoclonal [7F7AB10] to AIF (Alexa Fluor® 488)
  • Host species

    Mouse
  • Conjugation

    Alexa Fluor® 488. Ex: 495nm, Em: 519nm
  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: ICC/IFmore details
  • Species reactivity

    Reacts with: Human
  • Immunogen

    Tissue, cells or virus corresponding to Human AIF.

  • Positive control

    • ICC/IF: HeLa cells.
  • General notes

    Alexa Fluor® is a registered trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc, a Thermo Fisher Scientific Company. The Alexa Fluor® dye included in this product is provided under an intellectual property license from Life Technologies Corporation. As this product contains the Alexa Fluor® dye, the purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). As this product contains the Alexa Fluor® dye the sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components, or any materials made using the product or its components, in any activity to generate revenue, which may include, but is not limited to use of the product or its components: in manufacturing; (ii) to provide a service, information, or data in return for payment (iii) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; or (iv) for resale, regardless of whether they are sold for use in research. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, 5781 Van Allen Way, Carlsbad, CA 92008 USA or outlicensing@thermofisher.com.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab198313 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
ICC/IF 1/100.

This product gave a positive signal in HeLa cells fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min) and 100% methanol (5 min).

Target

  • Function

    Probable oxidoreductase that has a dual role in controlling cellular life and death; during apoptosis, it is translocated from the mitochondria to the nucleus to function as a proapoptotic factor in a caspase-independent pathway, while in normal mitochondria, it functions as an antiapoptotic factor via its oxidoreductase activity. The soluble form (AIFsol) found in the nucleus induces 'parthanatos' i.e., caspase-independent fragmentation of chromosomal DNA. Interacts with EIF3G,and thereby inhibits the EIF3 machinery and protein synthesis, and activates casapse-7 to amplify apoptosis. Plays a critical role in caspase-independent, pyknotic cell death in hydrogen peroxide-exposed cells. Binds to DNA in a sequence-independent manner.
  • Involvement in disease

    Defects in AIFM1 are the cause of combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency type 6 (COXPD6) [MIM:300816]. It is a mitochondrial disease resulting in a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by psychomotor delay, hypotonia, areflexia, muscle weakness and wasting.
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the FAD-dependent oxidoreductase family.
  • Post-translational
    modifications

    Under normal conditions, a 54-residue N-terminal segment is first proteolytically removed during or just after translocation into the mitochondrial intermembrane space (IMS) by the mitochondrial processing peptidase (MPP) to form the inner-membrane-anchored mature form (AIFmit). During apoptosis, it is further proteolytically processed at amino-acid position 101 leading to the generation of the mature form, which is confined to the mitochondrial IMS in a soluble form (AIFsol). AIFsol is released to the cytoplasm in response to specific death signals, and translocated to the nucleus, where it induces nuclear apoptosis in a caspase-independent manner.
  • Cellular localization

    Mitochondrion intermembrane space. Mitochondrion inner membrane. Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasm > perinuclear region. Proteolytic cleavage during or just after translocation into the mitochondrial intermembrane space (IMS) results in the formation of an inner-membrane-anchored mature form (AIFmit). During apoptosis, further proteolytic processing leads to a mature form, which is confined to the mitochondrial IMS in a soluble form (AIFsol). AIFsol is released to the cytoplasm in response to specific death signals, and translocated to the nucleus, where it induces nuclear apoptosis. Colocalizes with EIF3G in the nucleus and perinuclear region.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links

  • Alternative names

    • AIFM1 antibody
    • AIFM1_HUMAN antibody
    • Apoptosis inducing factor 1, mitochondrial antibody
    • Apoptosis inducing factor antibody
    • Apoptosis inducing factor, mitochondrion associated, 1 antibody
    • Apoptosis-inducing factor 1 antibody
    • CMTX4 antibody
    • COWCK antibody
    • COXPD6 antibody
    • Harlequin antibody
    • Hq antibody
    • mAIF antibody
    • MGC111425 antibody
    • MGC5706 antibody
    • mitochondrial antibody
    • Neuropathy, axonal motor-sensory, with deafness and mental retardation antibody
    • neuropathy, axonal, motor-sensory with deafness and mental retardation (Cowchock syndrome) antibody
    • PDCD 8 antibody
    • PDCD8 antibody
    • Programmed cell death 8 (apoptosis inducing factor) antibody
    • Programmed cell death 8 antibody
    • Programmed cell death 8 isoform 1 antibody
    • Programmed cell death 8 isoform 2 antibody
    • Programmed cell death 8 isoform 3 antibody
    • Programmed cell death protein 8 antibody
    • Programmed cell death protein 8 mitochondrial antibody
    • Programmed cell death protein 8 mitochondrial precursor antibody
    • Programmed cell death protein 8 mitochondrial precursor antibody
    • Striatal apoptosis inducing factor antibody
    see all

Images

  • ab198313 staining AIF in HeLa cells. The cells were fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min), permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 for 5 minutes and then blocked with 1% BSA/10% normal goat serum/0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h. The cells were then incubated overnight at +4°C with ab198313 at 1/100 dilution (shown in green) and ab195889, Mouse monoclonal to alpha Tubulin (Alexa Fluor® 594), at 1/250 dilution (shown in red). Nuclear DNA was labelled with DAPI (shown in blue).

    Image was taken with a confocal microscope (Leica-Microsystems, TCS SP8).

    This product also gave a positive signal under the same testing conditions in HeLa cells fixed with 100% methanol (5min).

References

ab198313 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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