Recombinant
RabMAb

Recombinant Anti-AIF antibody [E20] - Mitochondrial Marker (Biotin) (ab197526)

Overview

  • Product name

    Anti-AIF antibody [E20] - Mitochondrial Marker (Biotin)
    See all AIF primary antibodies
  • Description

    Rabbit monoclonal [E20] to AIF - Mitochondrial Marker (Biotin)
  • Host species

    Rabbit
  • Conjugation

    Biotin
  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: IHC-Pmore details
  • Species reactivity

    Reacts with: Human
    Predicted to work with: Mouse, Rat
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide within Human AIF aa 500-600 (C terminal). The exact sequence is proprietary.

  • Positive control

    • IHC/P: Normal human colon tissue.
  • General notes

    Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMab® patents.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab197526 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
IHC-P 1/100. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.

Target

  • Function

    Probable oxidoreductase that has a dual role in controlling cellular life and death; during apoptosis, it is translocated from the mitochondria to the nucleus to function as a proapoptotic factor in a caspase-independent pathway, while in normal mitochondria, it functions as an antiapoptotic factor via its oxidoreductase activity. The soluble form (AIFsol) found in the nucleus induces 'parthanatos' i.e., caspase-independent fragmentation of chromosomal DNA. Interacts with EIF3G,and thereby inhibits the EIF3 machinery and protein synthesis, and activates casapse-7 to amplify apoptosis. Plays a critical role in caspase-independent, pyknotic cell death in hydrogen peroxide-exposed cells. Binds to DNA in a sequence-independent manner.
  • Involvement in disease

    Defects in AIFM1 are the cause of combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency type 6 (COXPD6) [MIM:300816]. It is a mitochondrial disease resulting in a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by psychomotor delay, hypotonia, areflexia, muscle weakness and wasting.
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the FAD-dependent oxidoreductase family.
  • Post-translational
    modifications

    Under normal conditions, a 54-residue N-terminal segment is first proteolytically removed during or just after translocation into the mitochondrial intermembrane space (IMS) by the mitochondrial processing peptidase (MPP) to form the inner-membrane-anchored mature form (AIFmit). During apoptosis, it is further proteolytically processed at amino-acid position 101 leading to the generation of the mature form, which is confined to the mitochondrial IMS in a soluble form (AIFsol). AIFsol is released to the cytoplasm in response to specific death signals, and translocated to the nucleus, where it induces nuclear apoptosis in a caspase-independent manner.
  • Cellular localization

    Mitochondrion intermembrane space. Mitochondrion inner membrane. Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasm > perinuclear region. Proteolytic cleavage during or just after translocation into the mitochondrial intermembrane space (IMS) results in the formation of an inner-membrane-anchored mature form (AIFmit). During apoptosis, further proteolytic processing leads to a mature form, which is confined to the mitochondrial IMS in a soluble form (AIFsol). AIFsol is released to the cytoplasm in response to specific death signals, and translocated to the nucleus, where it induces nuclear apoptosis. Colocalizes with EIF3G in the nucleus and perinuclear region.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links

  • Alternative names

    • AIFM1 antibody
    • AIFM1_HUMAN antibody
    • Apoptosis inducing factor 1, mitochondrial antibody
    • Apoptosis inducing factor antibody
    • Apoptosis inducing factor, mitochondrion associated, 1 antibody
    • Apoptosis-inducing factor 1 antibody
    • CMTX4 antibody
    • COWCK antibody
    • COXPD6 antibody
    • Harlequin antibody
    • Hq antibody
    • mAIF antibody
    • MGC111425 antibody
    • MGC5706 antibody
    • mitochondrial antibody
    • Neuropathy, axonal motor-sensory, with deafness and mental retardation antibody
    • neuropathy, axonal, motor-sensory with deafness and mental retardation (Cowchock syndrome) antibody
    • PDCD 8 antibody
    • PDCD8 antibody
    • Programmed cell death 8 (apoptosis inducing factor) antibody
    • Programmed cell death 8 antibody
    • Programmed cell death 8 isoform 1 antibody
    • Programmed cell death 8 isoform 2 antibody
    • Programmed cell death 8 isoform 3 antibody
    • Programmed cell death protein 8 antibody
    • Programmed cell death protein 8 mitochondrial antibody
    • Programmed cell death protein 8 mitochondrial precursor antibody
    • Programmed cell death protein 8 mitochondrial precursor antibody
    • Striatal apoptosis inducing factor antibody
    see all

Images

  • IHC image of AIF staining in a section of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded Hu_Colon_Norm*, performed on a Leica Bond system using the standard protocol B. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab197526 at 1/100 dilution for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated ABC system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX. The inset negative control image is taken from an identical assay without primary antibody.

    For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.

    *Tissue obtained from the Human Research Tissue Bank, supported by the NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre

References

ab197526 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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