Overview

  • Product name

    AIF overexpression 293T lysate (whole cell)
  • General notes

    ab94072 is a 293T cell transfected lysate in which Human AIF has been transiently over-expressed using a pCMV-AIF plasmid. The lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer. Note: For more detailed how the transfected lysate was prepared view preparation notes

  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: WBmore details

Properties

  • Form

    Liquid
  • Storage instructions

    Shipped on dry ice. Upon delivery aliquot and store at -20ºC. Avoid freeze / thaw cycles.
  • Storage buffer

    pH: 6.80
    Constituent: 100% 1x Sample Buffer
  • Concentration information loading...
  • Research areas

  • Background

    Function: Probable oxidoreductase that has a dual role in controlling cellular life and death; during apoptosis, it is translocated from the mitochondria to the nucleus to function as a proapoptotic factor in a caspase-independent pathway, while in normal mitochondria, it functions as an antiapoptotic factor via its oxidoreductase activity. The soluble form (AIFsol) found in the nucleus induces 'parthanatos' i.e., caspase-independent fragmentation of chromosomal DNA. Interacts with EIF3G,and thereby inhibits the EIF3 machinery and protein synthesis, and activates casapse-7 to amplify apoptosis. Plays a critical role in caspase-independent, pyknotic cell death in hydrogen peroxide-exposed cells. Binds to DNA in a sequence-independent manner. Disease: Defects in AIFM1 are the cause of combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency type 6 (COXPD6) [MIM:300816]. It is a mitochondrial disease resulting in a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by psychomotor delay, hypotonia, areflexia, muscle weakness and wasting. Similarity: Belongs to the FAD-dependent oxidoreductase family. PTM: Under normal conditions, a 54-residue N-terminal segment is first proteolytically removed during or just after translocation into the mitochondrial intermembrane space (IMS) by the mitochondrial processing peptidase (MPP) to form the inner-membrane-anchored mature form (AIFmit). During apoptosis, it is further proteolytically processed at amino-acid position 101 leading to the generation of the mature form, which is confined to the mitochondrial IMS in a soluble form (AIFsol). AIFsol is released to the cytoplasm in response to specific death signals, and translocated to the nucleus, where it induces nuclear apoptosis in a caspase-independent manner.

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab94072 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
WB Use at an assay dependent dilution.

Images

  • ab94072 at 15µg/lane on an SDS-PAGE gel.
  • All lanes : AIF overexpression 293T lysate (whole cell) (ab94072)

    Lane 1 : AIFM1 transfected lysate
    Lane 2 : Non-transfected lysate.

References

ab94072 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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