Overview

  • Product name

    Anti-AKT1 antibody [AKT1/2552]
    See all AKT1 primary antibodies
  • Description

    Mouse monoclonal [AKT1/2552] to AKT1
  • Host species

    Mouse
  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: IHC-P, Protein Arraymore details
  • Species reactivity

    Reacts with: Human
  • Immunogen

    Recombinant fragment within Human AKT1 aa 85-189. The exact sequence is proprietary.
    Database link: P31749

  • Positive control

    • IHC-P: Human pancreas tissue. WB: HeLa cell lysate.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab237994 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
IHC-P Use a concentration of 1 - 2 µg/ml.

Staining of formalin-fixed tissues requires boiling tissue sections in 10mM citrate buffer, pH 6.0, for 10-20 min followed by cooling at RT for 20 minutes. Incubate with primary antibody for 30 mins at RT.

Protein Array Use at an assay dependent concentration.

Target

  • Function

    Plays a role as a key modulator of the AKT-mTOR signaling pathway controlling the tempo of the process of newborn neurons integration during adult neurogenesis, including correct neuron positioning, dendritic development and synapse formation (By similarity). General protein kinase capable of phosphorylating several known proteins. Phosphorylates TBC1D4. Signals downstream of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI(3)K) to mediate the effects of various growth factors such as platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), insulin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I). Plays a role in glucose transport by mediating insulin-induced translocation of the GLUT4 glucose transporter to the cell surface. Mediates the antiapoptotic effects of IGF-I. Mediates insulin-stimulated protein synthesis by phosphorylating TSC2 at 'Ser-939' and 'Thr-1462', thereby activating mTORC1 signaling and leading to both phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 and in activation of RPS6KB1. Promotes glycogen synthesis by mediating the insulin-induced activation of glycogen synthase. The activated form can suppress FoxO gene transcription and promote cell cycle progression. Essential for the SPATA13-mediated regulation of cell migration and adhesion assembly and disassembly.
  • Tissue specificity

    Expressed in all human cell types so far analyzed. The Tyr-176 phosphorylated form shows a significant increase in expression in breast cancers during the progressive stages i.e. normal to hyperplasia (ADH), ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) and lymph node metastatic (LNMM) stages.
  • Involvement in disease

    Defects in AKT1 are a cause of susceptibility to breast cancer (BC) [MIM:114480]. A common malignancy originating from breast epithelial tissue. Breast neoplasms can be distinguished by their histologic pattern. Invasive ductal carcinoma is by far the most common type. Breast cancer is etiologically and genetically heterogeneous. Important genetic factors have been indicated by familial occurrence and bilateral involvement. Mutations at more than one locus can be involved in different families or even in the same case.
    Defects in AKT1 are associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) [MIM:114500].
    Defects in AKT1 are associated with susceptibility to ovarian cancer [MIM:604370]; also called susceptibility to familial breast-ovarian cancer type 1 (BROVCA1).
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. AGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. RAC subfamily.
    Contains 1 AGC-kinase C-terminal domain.
    Contains 1 PH domain.
    Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
  • Domain

    Binding of the PH domain to the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase alpha (PI(3)K) results in its targeting to the plasma membrane. The PH domain mediates interaction with TNK2 and Tyr-176 is also essential for this interaction.
    The AGC-kinase C-terminal mediates interaction with THEM4.
  • Post-translational
    modifications

    Phosphorylation on Thr-308, Ser-473 and Tyr-474 is required for full activity. Activated TNK2 phosphorylates it on Tyr-176 resulting in its binding to the anionic plasma membrane phospholipid PA. This phosphorylated form localizes to the cell membrane, where it is targeted by PDPK1 and PDPK2 for further phosphorylations on Thr-308 and Ser-473 leading to its activation. Ser-473 phosphorylation by mTORC2 favors Thr-308 phosphorylation by PDPK1. Ser-473 phosphorylation is enhanced by interaction with AGAP2 isoform 2 (PIKE-A). Ser-473 phosphorylation is enhanced in focal cortical dysplasias with Taylor-type balloon cells.
    Ubiquitinated; undergoes both 'Lys-48'- and 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitination. TRAF6-induced 'Lys-63'-linked AKT1 ubiquitination is critical for phosphorylation and activation. When ubiquitinated, it translocates to the plasma membrane, where it becomes phosphorylated. When fully phosphorylated and translocated into the nucleus, undergoes 'Lys-48'-polyubiquitination catalyzed by TTC3, leading to its degradation by the proteasome.
  • Cellular localization

    Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cell membrane. Nucleus after activation by integrin-linked protein kinase 1 (ILK1). Nuclear translocation is enhanced by interaction with TCL1A. Phosphorylation on Tyr-176 by TNK2 results in its localization to the cell membrane where it is targeted for further phosphorylations on Thr-308 and Ser-473 leading to its activation and the activated form translocates to the nucleus.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links

  • Alternative names

    • AKT 1 antibody
    • AKT antibody
    • AKT1 antibody
    • AKT1_HUMAN antibody
    • C AKT antibody
    • cAKT antibody
    • MGC99656 antibody
    • PKB alpha antibody
    • PKB antibody
    • PKB-ALPHA antibody
    • PRKBA antibody
    • Protein Kinase B Alpha antibody
    • Protein kinase B antibody
    • Proto-oncogene c-Akt antibody
    • RAC Alpha antibody
    • RAC antibody
    • Rac protein kinase alpha antibody
    • RAC Serine/Threonine Protein Kinase antibody
    • RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase antibody
    • RAC-PK-alpha antibody
    • v akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 1 antibody
    • vAKT Murine Thymoma Viral Oncogene Homolog 1 antibody
    see all

Images

  • Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human pancreas tissue stained for AKT1 using ab237994 at 2 µg/mL in immunohistochemical analysis.

  • Anti-AKT1 antibody [AKT1/2552] (ab237994) at 2 µg/ml + HeLa (human epithelial cell line from cervix adenocarcinoma) whole cell lysate
  • ab237994 was tested in protein array against over 19000 different full-length human proteins.
    Z- and S- Score: The Z-score represents the strength of a signal that a monoclonal antibody (MAb) (in combination with a fluorescently-tagged anti-IgG secondary antibody) produces when binding to a particular protein on the HuProtTM array. Z-scores are described in units of standard deviations (SD's) above the mean value of all signals generated on that array. If targets on HuProtTM are arranged in descending order of the Z-score, the S-score is the difference (also in units of SD's) between the Z-score. S-score therefore represents the relative target specificity of a MAb to its intended target.
    A MAb is specific to its intended target if the MAb has an S-score of at least 2.5. For example, if a MAb binds to protein X with a Z-score of 43 and to protein Y with a Z-score of 14, then the S-score for the binding of that MAb to protein X is equal to 29.

References

ab237994 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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