Product nameAnti-AKT1 (phospho T34) antibody
See all AKT1 primary antibodies
DescriptionRabbit polyclonal to AKT1 (phospho T34)
SpecificityThe antibody detects a 56kDa protein corresponding to the apparent molecular mass of phoshorylated Akt on SDS-PAGE immunoblots of A431 plus calyculin A cell lysate. Similar results were seen in calyculin A treated human aortic endothelial and HeLa cells, rabbit spleen fibroblasts, and rat pituitary cells.
Tested applicationsSuitable for: IHC-Fr, WBmore details
Species reactivityReacts with: Mouse, Rat, Rabbit, Human
Phospho-Akt (Thr-34) synthetic peptide (coupled to carrier protein) corresponding to amino acid residues around threonine 34 of human Akt.
- A431 plus calyculin A cell lysate, calyculin A treated human aortic endothelial and HeLa cells, rabbit spleen fibroblasts and rat pituitary cells.
Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Upon delivery aliquot and store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze / thaw cycles.
Storage bufferPreservative: 0.05% Sodium azide
Constituents: PBS, 50% Glycerol, 0.1% BSA
Concentration information loading...
PurityImmunogen affinity purified
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab23509 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|WB||1/1000. Predicted molecular weight: 56 kDa.|
FunctionPlays a role as a key modulator of the AKT-mTOR signaling pathway controlling the tempo of the process of newborn neurons integration during adult neurogenesis, including correct neuron positioning, dendritic development and synapse formation (By similarity). General protein kinase capable of phosphorylating several known proteins. Phosphorylates TBC1D4. Signals downstream of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI(3)K) to mediate the effects of various growth factors such as platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), insulin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I). Plays a role in glucose transport by mediating insulin-induced translocation of the GLUT4 glucose transporter to the cell surface. Mediates the antiapoptotic effects of IGF-I. Mediates insulin-stimulated protein synthesis by phosphorylating TSC2 at 'Ser-939' and 'Thr-1462', thereby activating mTORC1 signaling and leading to both phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 and in activation of RPS6KB1. Promotes glycogen synthesis by mediating the insulin-induced activation of glycogen synthase. The activated form can suppress FoxO gene transcription and promote cell cycle progression. Essential for the SPATA13-mediated regulation of cell migration and adhesion assembly and disassembly.
Tissue specificityExpressed in all human cell types so far analyzed. The Tyr-176 phosphorylated form shows a significant increase in expression in breast cancers during the progressive stages i.e. normal to hyperplasia (ADH), ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) and lymph node metastatic (LNMM) stages.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in AKT1 are a cause of susceptibility to breast cancer (BC) [MIM:114480]. A common malignancy originating from breast epithelial tissue. Breast neoplasms can be distinguished by their histologic pattern. Invasive ductal carcinoma is by far the most common type. Breast cancer is etiologically and genetically heterogeneous. Important genetic factors have been indicated by familial occurrence and bilateral involvement. Mutations at more than one locus can be involved in different families or even in the same case.
Defects in AKT1 are associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) [MIM:114500].
Defects in AKT1 are associated with susceptibility to ovarian cancer [MIM:604370]; also called susceptibility to familial breast-ovarian cancer type 1 (BROVCA1).
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the protein kinase superfamily. AGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. RAC subfamily.
Contains 1 AGC-kinase C-terminal domain.
Contains 1 PH domain.
Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
DomainBinding of the PH domain to the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase alpha (PI(3)K) results in its targeting to the plasma membrane. The PH domain mediates interaction with TNK2 and Tyr-176 is also essential for this interaction.
The AGC-kinase C-terminal mediates interaction with THEM4.
modificationsPhosphorylation on Thr-308, Ser-473 and Tyr-474 is required for full activity. Activated TNK2 phosphorylates it on Tyr-176 resulting in its binding to the anionic plasma membrane phospholipid PA. This phosphorylated form localizes to the cell membrane, where it is targeted by PDPK1 and PDPK2 for further phosphorylations on Thr-308 and Ser-473 leading to its activation. Ser-473 phosphorylation by mTORC2 favors Thr-308 phosphorylation by PDPK1. Ser-473 phosphorylation is enhanced by interaction with AGAP2 isoform 2 (PIKE-A). Ser-473 phosphorylation is enhanced in focal cortical dysplasias with Taylor-type balloon cells.
Ubiquitinated; undergoes both 'Lys-48'- and 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitination. TRAF6-induced 'Lys-63'-linked AKT1 ubiquitination is critical for phosphorylation and activation. When ubiquitinated, it translocates to the plasma membrane, where it becomes phosphorylated. When fully phosphorylated and translocated into the nucleus, undergoes 'Lys-48'-polyubiquitination catalyzed by TTC3, leading to its degradation by the proteasome.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm. Nucleus. Cell membrane. Nucleus after activation by integrin-linked protein kinase 1 (ILK1). Nuclear translocation is enhanced by interaction with TCL1A. Phosphorylation on Tyr-176 by TNK2 results in its localization to the cell membrane where it is targeted for further phosphorylations on Thr-308 and Ser-473 leading to its activation and the activated form translocates to the nucleus.
- Information by UniProt
- AKT 1 antibody
- AKT antibody
- AKT1 antibody
All lanes : Anti-AKT1 (phospho T34) antibody (ab23509)
Lane 1 : A431 (Human epithelial carcinoma cell line)serum starved overnight
Lane 2 : A431 (Human epithelial carcinoma cell line)calyculin A (100nM) treated for 30mins
Lysates/proteins at 20 µg per lane.
Predicted band size: 56 kDa
Observed band size: 56 kDa
Immunohistochemical analysis of frozen mouse embryo tissue, staining TNF alpha (green) with ab23509.
Tissue was fixed with paraformaldehyde, permeabilized with saponin and blocked with 10% serum for 1 hour at 25°C. Samples were incubated with primary antibody (1/50 in diluent) for 24 hours at 4C. An AlexaFluor®488-conjugated donkey anti-rabbit polyclonal IgG (1/400) was used as the secondary antibody.
Red staining = Troponin; Blue staining = DAPI
This product has been referenced in:
- Saha S et al. Mangiferin attenuates oxidative stress induced renal cell damage through activation of PI3K induced Akt and Nrf-2 mediated signaling pathways. Biochem Biophys Rep 5:313-327 (2016). WB ; Human . Read more (PubMed: 28955838) »
- Lin F et al. Echistatin prevents posterior capsule opacification in diabetic rabbit model via integrin linked kinase signaling pathway. Int J Clin Exp Pathol 8:14294-304 (2015). WB ; Rabbit . Read more (PubMed: 26823745) »