Key features and details
- Produced recombinantly (animal-free) for high batch-to-batch consistency and long term security of supply
- Rabbit monoclonal [EPR11663(B)] to AMF - BSA and Azide free
- Suitable for: ICC/IF, Flow Cyt, IHC-P, WB
- Knockout validated
- Reacts with: Human
Product nameAnti-AMF antibody [EPR11663(B)] - BSA and Azide free
See all AMF primary antibodies
DescriptionRabbit monoclonal [EPR11663(B)] to AMF - BSA and Azide free
Tested applicationsSuitable for: ICC/IF, Flow Cyt, IHC-P, WBmore details
Unsuitable for: IP
Species reactivityReacts with: Human
Synthetic peptide within Human AMF. The exact sequence is proprietary.
Database link: P06744
- HepG2, HeLa, HT29, and A549 cell lysates; Human prostatic hyperplasia and Human thyroid carcinoma tissues; HepG2 and A549 cells.
ab231691 is the carrier-free version of ab167394 This format is designed for use in antibody labeling, including fluorochromes, metal isotopes, oligonucleotides, enzymes.
Our carrier-free formats are supplied in a buffer free of BSA, sodium azide and glycerol for higher conjugation efficiency.
Use our conjugation kits for antibody conjugates that are ready-to-use in as little as 20 minutes with <1 minute hands-on-time and 100% antibody recovery: available for fluorescent dyes, HRP, biotin and gold.
Ab231691 is compatible with the Maxpar® Antibody Labeling Kit from Fluidigm.
Maxpar® is a trademark of Fluidigm Canada Inc.
Mouse, Rat: We have preliminary internal testing data to indicate this antibody may not react with these species. Please contact us for more information.
This product is a recombinant monoclonal antibody, which offers several advantages including:
- - High batch-to-batch consistency and reproducibility
- - Improved sensitivity and specificity
- - Long-term security of supply
- - Animal-free production
Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMAb® patents.
Reproducibility is key to advancing scientific discovery and accelerating scientists’ next breakthrough.
Abcam is leading the way with our range of recombinant antibodies, knockout-validated antibodies and knockout cell lines, all of which support improved reproducibility.
We are also planning to innovate the way in which we present recommended applications and species on our product datasheets, so that only applications & species that have been tested in our own labs, our suppliers or by selected trusted collaborators are covered by our Abpromise™ guarantee.
In preparation for this, we have started to update the applications & species that this product is Abpromise guaranteed for.
We are also updating the applications & species that this product has been “predicted to work with,” however this information is not covered by our Abpromise guarantee.
Applications & species from publications and Abreviews that have not been tested in our own labs or in those of our suppliers are not covered by the Abpromise guarantee.
Please check that this product meets your needs before purchasing. If you have any questions, special requirements or concerns, please send us an inquiry and/or contact our Support team ahead of purchase. Recommended alternatives for this product can be found below, as well as customer reviews and Q&As.
Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C. Do Not Freeze.
Storage bufferpH: 7.2
Concentration information loading...
KO cell lines
KO cell lysates
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab231691 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|ICC/IF||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|Flow Cyt||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|IHC-P||Use at an assay dependent concentration. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.|
|WB||Use at an assay dependent concentration. Predicted molecular weight: 63 kDa.|
FunctionBesides it's role as a glycolytic enzyme, mammalian GPI can function as a tumor-secreted cytokine and an angiogenic factor (AMF) that stimulates endothelial cell motility. GPI is also a neurotrophic factor (Neuroleukin) for spinal and sensory neurons.
PathwayCarbohydrate degradation; glycolysis; D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and glycerone phosphate from D-glucose: step 2/4.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in GPI are the cause of hemolytic anemia non-spherocytic due to glucose phosphate isomerase deficiency (HA-GPID) [MIM:613470]. It is a form of anemia in which there is no abnormal hemoglobin or spherocytosis. It is caused by glucose phosphate isomerase deficiency. Severe GPI deficiency can be associated with hydrops fetalis, immediate neonatal death and neurological impairment.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the GPI family.
modificationsPhosphorylation at Ser-185 by CK2 has been shown to decrease enzymatic activity and may contribute to secretion by a non-classical secretory pathway.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm. Secreted.
- Information by UniProt
- AMF antibody
- Aurocrine motility factor antibody
- Autocrine motility factor antibody
All lanes : Anti-AMF antibody [EPR11663(B)] (ab167394) at 1/1000 dilution
Lane 1 : Wild-type HEK293T cell lysate
Lane 2 : GPI knockout HEK293T cell lysate
Lane 3 : HepG2 cell lysate
Lane 4 : HeLa cell lysate
Lysates/proteins at 20 µg per lane.
All lanes : Goat anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (IRDye® 800CW) preadsorbed (ab216773) at 1/10000 dilution
Predicted band size: 63 kDa
Observed band size: 63 kDa
This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation (ab167394).
ab167394 Anti-AMF antibody [EPR11663(B)] was shown to specifically react with AMF in wild-type HEK293T cells. Loss of signal was observed when knockout cell line ab266834 (knockout cell lysate ab257458) was used. Wild-type and AMF knockout samples were subjected to SDS-PAGE. ab167394 and Anti-GAPDH antibody [6C5] - Loading Control (ab8245) were incubated at room temperature for 2.5 hours at 1 in 1000 dilution and 1 in 20000 dilution respectively. Blots were developed with Goat anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (IRDye® 800CW) preadsorbed (ab216773) and Goat anti-Mouse IgG H&L (IRDye® 680RD) preadsorbed (ab216776) secondary antibodies at 1 in 20000 dilution for 1 hour at room temperature before imaging.
To our knowledge, customised protocols are not required for this product. Please try the standard protocols listed below and let us know how you get on.
ab231691 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.