Key features and details
- Rabbit polyclonal to Argonaute-2
- Suitable for: IP, IHC-P, RIP, WB, ICC/IF
- Reacts with: Mouse, Rat, Human
- Isotype: IgG
Product nameAnti-Argonaute-2 antibody
See all Argonaute-2 primary antibodies
DescriptionRabbit polyclonal to Argonaute-2
Tested applicationsSuitable for: IP, IHC-P, RIP, WB, ICC/IFmore details
Species reactivityReacts with: Mouse, Rat, Human
Predicted to work with: Rabbit, CowDoes not react with: Drosophila melanogaster
Synthetic peptide corresponding to Argonaute-2 aa 350-450 conjugated to keyhole limpet haemocyanin.
(Peptide available as
- WB: HeLa whole cell lysate. IHC-P: Human breast cancer tissue.
Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
Storage bufferpH: 7.40
Preservative: 0.02% Sodium azide
Batches of this product that have a concentration < 1mg/ml may have BSA added as a stabilising agent. If you would like information about the formulation of a specific lot, please contact our scientific support team who will be happy to help.
Concentration information loading...
PurityImmunogen affinity purified
ChIP Related Products
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab32381 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|IP||Use at an assay dependent concentration. PubMed: 24280866|
|IHC-P||Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval before commencing with IHC staining protocol.|
|RIP||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|WB||Use a concentration of 2 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 87 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 97 kDa).|
FunctionRequired for RNA-mediated gene silencing (RNAi) by the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC). The 'minimal RISC' appears to include EIF2C2/AGO2 bound to a short guide RNA such as a microRNA (miRNA) or short interfering RNA (siRNA). These guide RNAs direct RISC to complementary mRNAs that are targets for RISC-mediated gene silencing. The precise mechanism of gene silencing depends on the degree of complementarity between the miRNA or siRNA and its target. Binding of RISC to a perfectly complementary mRNA generally results in silencing due to endonucleolytic cleavage of the mRNA specifically by EIF2C2/AGO2. Binding of RISC to a partially complementary mRNA results in silencing through inhibition of translation, and this is independent of endonuclease activity. May inhibit translation initiation by binding to the 7-methylguanosine cap, thereby preventing the recruitment of the translation initiation factor eIF4-E. May also inhibit translation initiation via interaction with EIF6, which itself binds to the 60S ribosomal subunit and prevents its association with the 40S ribosomal subunit. The inhibition of translational initiation leads to the accumulation of the affected mRNA in cytoplasmic processing bodies (P-bodies), where mRNA degradation may subsequently occur. In some cases RISC-mediated translational repression is also observed for miRNAs that perfectly match the 3' untranslated region (3'-UTR). Can also upregulate the translation of specific mRNAs under certain growth conditions. Binds to the AU element of the 3'-UTR of the TNF (TNF-alpha) mRNA and upregulates translation under conditions of serum starvation. Also required for transcriptional gene silencing (TGS), in which short RNAs known as antigene RNAs or agRNAs direct the transcriptional repression of complementary promoter regions.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the argonaute family. Ago subfamily.
Contains 1 PAZ domain.
Contains 1 Piwi domain.
DomainThe Piwi domain may perform RNA cleavage by a mechanism similar to that of RNase H. However while RNase H utilizes a triad of Asp-Asp-Glu (DDE) for metal ion coordination, this protein appears to utilize a triad of Asp-Asp-His (DDH).
modificationsHydroxylated. 4-hydroxylation appears to enhance protein stability but is not required for miRNA-binding or endonuclease activity.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm > P-body. Nucleus. Translational repression of mRNAs results in their recruitment to P-bodies. Translocation to the nucleus requires IMP8.
- Information by UniProt
- Ago 2 antibody
- AGO2_HUMAN antibody
- Argonaute 2 antibody
Immunohistochemical analysis of Argonaute2 (AGO2) in human tissues sections from slowly progressive, rapidly progressive, or normal biopsies.
Representative images of slowly progressive (A–B, E–F), rapidly progressive (C–D, G–H), and normal (I–J) biopsies stained with IgG control (A, C, E, G, & I) and anti-AGO2 antibody (B, D, F, H, & J) are shown. Images A, B, C, & D were stained with antibody concentrations of 20 µg/ml and images E, F, G, H, I, & J were stained with an antibody concentration of 4 µg/ml. Sections were counterstained with hematoxylin. Protein expression stains brown in this procedure (original magnification: ×200).
Panels A-D shown.
All lanes : Anti-Argonaute-2 antibody (ab32381) at 2 µg/ml
Lane 1 : HeLa (Human epithelial carcinoma cell line) Whole Cell Lysate
Lane 2 :
Jurkat whole cell lysate (ab7899)
Lane 3 : HeLa (Human epithelial carcinoma cell line) Nuclear Lysate
Lysates/proteins at 20 µg per lane.
All lanes : IRDye 680 Conjugated Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L) at 1/10000 dilution
Performed under reducing conditions.
Predicted band size: 97 kDa
Observed band size: 87 kDa why is the actual band size different from the predicted?
Additional bands at: 55 kDa. We are unsure as to the identity of these extra bands.
The identification of the 55 kDa band is unclear but this band has also been observed in HeLa lysates in the Western Blot of ab5072, targeting Drosophila Ago2 / eIF2C2.
ab32381 (1/200) staining Ago2/ eIF2C2 in asynchronous HeLa (Human epithelial cell line from cervix adenocarcinoma) cells (green). Cells were fixed with paraformaldehyde, permeabilized with 0.5% TritonX100/ PBS and counterstained with DAPI in order to highlight the nucleus (red). Please refer to abreview for further experimental details.
IHC image of Argonaute-2 antibody staining in a section of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded human breast adenocarcinoma* performed on a Leica BONDTM system using the standard protocol. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20mins. The section was then incubated with ab32381, 5ug/ml, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.
*Tissue obtained from the Human Research Tissue Bank, supported by the NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre
ab32381 has been referenced in 129 publications.
- Gong D et al. Silencing Long Non-coding RNA LINC01224 Inhibits Hepatocellular Carcinoma Progression via MicroRNA-330-5p-Induced Inhibition of CHEK1. Mol Ther Nucleic Acids 19:482-497 (2020). PubMed: 31902747
- Shan H et al. SNHG6 modulates oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced endothelial cells injury through miR-135a-5p/ROCK in atherosclerosis. Cell Biosci 10:4 (2020). PubMed: 31921409
- Bian S miR-4319 inhibited the development of thyroid cancer by modulating FUS-stabilized SMURF1. J Cell Biochem 121:174-182 (2020). PubMed: 31148243
- Kondratov K et al. Heterogeneity of the nucleic acid repertoire of plasma extracellular vesicles demonstrated using high-sensitivity fluorescence-activated sorting. J Extracell Vesicles 9:1743139 (2020). PubMed: 32341769
- Zhang Q et al. A long non-coding RNA LINC00461-dependent mechanism underlying breast cancer invasion and migration via the miR-144-3p/KPNA2 axis. Cancer Cell Int 20:137 (2020). PubMed: 32355466