Bcl-G is a novel pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family. The human Bcl-G gene encodes two proteins through alternative mRNA splicing, Bcl-G(L) (long) and Bcl-G(S) (short) consisting of 327 and 252 amino acids in length, respectively. Bcl-G(L) mRNA is expressed widely in adult human tissues, whereas Bcl-G(S) mRNA was found only in testis. Overexpression of Bcl-G(L) or Bcl-G(S) in cells induced apoptosis although Bcl-G(S) was far more potent than Bcl-G(L).
Isoform 1: Cytoplasm; cytosol. Note: Diffusely distributed throughout the cytosol.
Isoform 2: Endomembrane system. Note: Predominantly localized to cytosolic organelles.