Overview

  • Product name
    Anti-beta Catenin antibody [5H10]
    See all beta Catenin primary antibodies
  • Description
    Mouse monoclonal [5H10] to beta Catenin
  • Host species
    Mouse
  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: IHC-P, WBmore details
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Rat, Human
    Predicted to work with: Chicken
  • Immunogen

    Recombinant fragment corresponding to Chicken beta Catenin aa 750-850. (Fused to a recombinant maltose binding protein).
    Database link: O42486

  • Positive control
    • WB: HAP1 whole cell lysate. IHC-P: FFPE Human colon adenocarcinoma tissue sections. IHC-P: FFPE Rat Large Intestine tissue sections
  • General notes

    This antibody clone is manufactured by Abcam. If you require a different buffer formulation or a particular conjugate for your experiments, please contact orders@abcam.com.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab231305 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
IHC-P Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
WB Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Predicted molecular weight: 85 kDa.

Target

  • Function
    Key dowstream component of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. In the absence of Wnt, forms a complex with AXIN1, AXIN2, APC, CSNK1A1 and GSK3B that promotes phosphorylation on N-terminal Ser and Thr residues and ubiquitination of CTNNB1 via BTRC and its subsequent degradation by the proteasome. In the presence of Wnt ligand, CTNNB1 is not ubiquitinated and accumulates in the nucleus, where it acts as a coactivator for transcription factors of the TCF/LEF family, leading to activate Wnt responsive genes.
    Involved in the regulation of cell adhesion. The majority of beta-catenin is localized to the cell membrane and is part of E-cadherin/catenin adhesion complexes which are proposed to couple cadherins to the actin cytoskeleton.
  • Tissue specificity
    Expressed in several hair follicle cell types: basal and peripheral matrix cells, and cells of the outer and inner root sheaths. Expressed in colon.
  • Involvement in disease
    Defects in CTNNB1 are associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) [MIM:114500].
    Note=Activating mutations in CTNNB1 have oncogenic activity resulting in tumor development. Somatic mutations are found in various tumor types, including colon cancers, ovarian and prostate carcinomas, hepatoblastoma (HB), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HBs are malignant embryonal tumors mainly affecting young children in the first three years of life.
    Defects in CTNNB1 are a cause of pilomatrixoma (PTR) [MIM:132600]; a common benign skin tumor.
    Defects in CTNNB1 are a cause of medulloblastoma (MDB) [MIM:155255]. MDB is a malignant, invasive embryonal tumor of the cerebellum with a preferential manifestation in children.
    Defects in CTNNB1 are a cause of susceptibility to ovarian cancer (OC) [MIM:167000]. Ovarian cancer common malignancy originating from ovarian tissue. Although many histologic types of ovarian neoplasms have been described, epithelial ovarian carcinoma is the most common form. Ovarian cancers are often asymptomatic and the recognized signs and symptoms, even of late-stage disease, are vague. Consequently, most patients are diagnosed with advanced disease.
    Note=A chromosomal aberration involving CTNNB1 is found in salivary gland pleiomorphic adenomas, the most common benign epithelial tumors of the salivary gland. Translocation t(3;8)(p21;q12) with PLAG1.
  • Sequence similarities
    Belongs to the beta-catenin family.
    Contains 12 ARM repeats.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    Phosphorylation by GSK3B requires prior phosphorylation of Ser-45 by another kinase. Phosphorylation proceeds then from Thr-41 to Ser-37 and Ser-33.
    EGF stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation. Phosphorylation on Tyr-654 decreases CDH1 binding and enhances TBP binding.
    Ubiquitinated by the SCF(BTRC) E3 ligase complex when phosphorylated by GSK3B, leading to its degradation. Ubiquitinated by a E3 ubiquitin ligase complex containing UBE2D1, SIAH1, CACYBP/SIP, SKP1, APC and TBL1X, leading to its subsequent proteasomal degradation.
  • Cellular localization
    Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton. Cell junction > adherens junction. Cell junction. Cell membrane. Cytoplasmic when it is unstabilized (high level of phosphorylation) or bound to CDH1. Translocates to the nucleus when it is stabilized (low level of phosphorylation). Interaction with GLIS2 and MUC1 promotes nuclear translocation. Interaction with EMD inhibits nuclear localization.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links
  • Alternative names
    • Beta catenin antibody
    • Beta-catenin antibody
    • Cadherin associated protein antibody
    • Catenin (cadherin associated protein), beta 1, 88kDa antibody
    • Catenin beta 1 antibody
    • Catenin beta-1 antibody
    • CATNB antibody
    • CHBCAT antibody
    • CTNB1_HUMAN antibody
    • CTNNB antibody
    • CTNNB1 antibody
    • DKFZp686D02253 antibody
    • FLJ25606 antibody
    • FLJ37923 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000162082 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000165222 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000165223 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000209288 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000209289 antibody
    see all

Images

  • IHC image of beta Catenin staining in a section of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded normal human colon adenocarcinoma* performed on a Leica BONDTM system using the standard protocol F. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20mins. The section was then incubated with ab231305, 1ug/ml, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX. The inset secondary-only control image is taken from an identical assay without primary antibody.

    For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.

    *Tissue obtained from the Human Research Tissue Bank, supported by the NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre

  • IHC image of Beta Catenin staining in a section of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded Rat Large Intestine performed on a Leica BOND™ system using the standard Frotocol F. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20mins. The section was then incubated with ab231305, 1ug/ml, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX. The inset secondary-only control image is taken from an identical assay without primary antibody.

  • All lanes :

    Lane 1 : HAP1 whole cell lysate
    Lane 2 : HAP1 CTNNB1 knockout whole cell lysate

    Lysates/proteins at 20 µg per lane.

    Performed under reducing conditions.

    Predicted band size: 85 kDa
    Observed band size: 95 kDa
    why is the actual band size different from the predicted?



    ab231305 was shown to specifically react with CTNNB1 (β-catenin) in wild type HAP1 cells. No band was observed when CTNNB1 (β-catenin) knockout samples were used. Wild-type and CTNNB1 (β-catenin) knockout samples were subjected to SDS-PAGE. ab231305 and ab181602 (Rabbit anti GAPDH loading control) were incubated overnight at 4°C at 1ug/ml and 1/10000 dilution respectively. Blots were developed with Goat anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (IRDye® 800CW) preadsorbed (ab216773) and Goat anti-Mouse IgG H&L (IRDye® 680RD) preadsorbed (ab216776) secondary antibodies at 1/20000 dilution for 1 hour at room temperature before imaging.

References

This product has been referenced in:
  • Abe K & Takeichi M NMDA-receptor activation induces calpain-mediated beta-catenin cleavages for triggering gene expression. Neuron 53:387-97 (2007). ICC/IF ; Mouse . Read more (PubMed: 17270735) »
  • Wahl JK  et al. N-cadherin-catenin complexes form prior to cleavage of the proregion and transport to the plasma membrane. J Biol Chem 278:17269-76 (2003). ICC/IF ; Human . Read more (PubMed: 12604612) »
See all 4 Publications for this product

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