Overview

  • Product name

    Anti-beta Tubulin antibody [AA2] (Alexa Fluor® 647)
    See all beta Tubulin primary antibodies
  • Description

    Mouse monoclonal [AA2] to beta Tubulin (Alexa Fluor® 647)
  • Host species

    Mouse
  • Conjugation

    Alexa Fluor® 647. Ex: 652nm, Em: 668nm
  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: ICC/IFmore details
  • Species reactivity

    Reacts with: Human
    Predicted to work with: Mouse, Rat, Plants, Mammals
  • Immunogen

    Recombinant full length protein corresponding to Cow beta Tubulin. (Bovine brain tubulin).

  • Epitope

    Recognizes amino acids 416-431
  • Positive control

    • ICC/IF: A431 cells.
  • General notes

    Alexa Fluor® is a registered trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc, a Thermo Fisher Scientific Company. The Alexa Fluor® dye included in this product is provided under an intellectual property license from Life Technologies Corporation. As this product contains the Alexa Fluor® dye, the purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). As this product contains the Alexa Fluor® dye the sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components, or any materials made using the product or its components, in any activity to generate revenue, which may include, but is not limited to use of the product or its components: in manufacturing; (ii) to provide a service, information, or data in return for payment (iii) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; or (iv) for resale, regardless of whether they are sold for use in research. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, 5781 Van Allen Way, Carlsbad, CA 92008 USA or outlicensing@thermofisher.com.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab235759 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
ICC/IF 1/1000.

This product gave a positive signal in A431 fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min) and 100% methanol (5 min).

Target

  • Function

    Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain.
  • Tissue specificity

    Ubiquitously expressed with highest levels in spleen, thymus and immature brain.
  • Involvement in disease

    Cortical dysplasia, complex, with other brain malformations 6
    Skin creases, congenital symmetric circumferential, 1
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the tubulin family.
  • Domain

    The highly acidic C-terminal region may bind cations such as calcium.
  • Post-translational
    modifications

    Some glutamate residues at the C-terminus are polyglutamylated, resulting in polyglutamate chains on the gamma-carboxyl group (PubMed:26875866). Polyglutamylation plays a key role in microtubule severing by spastin (SPAST). SPAST preferentially recognizes and acts on microtubules decorated with short polyglutamate tails: severing activity by SPAST increases as the number of glutamates per tubulin rises from one to eight, but decreases beyond this glutamylation threshold (PubMed:26875866).
    Some glutamate residues at the C-terminus are monoglycylated but not polyglycylated due to the absence of functional TTLL10 in human. Monoglycylation is mainly limited to tubulin incorporated into axonemes (cilia and flagella). Both polyglutamylation and monoglycylation can coexist on the same protein on adjacent residues, and lowering glycylation levels increases polyglutamylation, and reciprocally. The precise function of monoglycylation is still unclear.
    Phosphorylated on Ser-172 by CDK1 during the cell cycle, from metaphase to telophase, but not in interphase. This phosphorylation inhibits tubulin incorporation into microtubules.
  • Cellular localization

    Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links

  • Alternative names

    • Beta 4 tubulin antibody
    • Beta 5 tubulin antibody
    • beta Ib tubulin antibody
    • Beta1 tubulin antibody
    • Class I beta tubulin antibody
    • M40 antibody
    • MGC117247 antibody
    • MGC16435 antibody
    • OK/SW cl.56 antibody
    • OK/SWcl.56 antibody
    • TBB5_HUMAN antibody
    • TUBB 1 antibody
    • TUBB 2 antibody
    • TUBB 5 antibody
    • TUBB antibody
    • TUBB1 antibody
    • TUBB2 antibody
    • TUBB5 antibody
    • tubulin beta 1 chain antibody
    • Tubulin beta 2 chain antibody
    • tubulin beta 5 chain antibody
    • Tubulin beta chain antibody
    • Tubulin beta class I antibody
    • tubulin beta polypeptide antibody
    • Tubulin beta-5 chain antibody
    see all

Images

  • ab235759 staining beta tubulin in A431 cells. The cells were fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min), permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 for 5 minutes and then blocked with 1% BSA/10% normal goat serum/0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h. The cells were then incubated overnight at +4°C with ab235759 at 1/1000 dilution (shown in red) and ab195887, Mouse monoclonal to alpha Tubulin (Alexa Fluor® 488), at 1/250 dilution (shown in green). Nuclear DNA was labelled with DAPI (shown in blue).

    Image was taken with a confocal microscope (Leica-Microsystems, TCS SP8).

    This product also gave a positive signal under the same testing conditions in A431 cells fixed with 100% methanol (5 min).

References

ab235759 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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