Use at an assay dependent dilution. PubMed: 21825174
Use at an assay dependent dilution.
ab170191 - Mouse monoclonal IgG2a, is suitable for use as an isotype control with this antibody.
This protein may be involved in the regulation of B-cell activation and proliferation.
Expressed on B-cells.
Involvement in disease
Defects in MS4A1 are the cause of immunodeficiency common variable type 5 (CVID5) [MIM:613495]; also called antibody deficiency due to CD20 defect. CVID5 is a primary immunodeficiency characterized by antibody deficiency, hypogammaglobulinemia, recurrent bacterial infections and an inability to mount an antibody response to antigen. The defect results from a failure of B-cell differentiation and impaired secretion of immunoglobulins; the numbers of circulating B cells is usually in the normal range, but can be low.
Belongs to the MS4A family.
Phosphorylated. Might be functionally regulated by protein kinase(s).
Human peripheral blood lymphocytes stained with ab9475 (red line). Human whole blood was processed using a modified protocol based on Chow et al, 2005 (PMID: 16080188). In brief, human whole blood was fixed in 4% formaldehyde (methanol-free) for 10 min at 22°C. Red blood cells were then lyzed by the addition of Triton X-100 (final concentration - 0.1%) for 15 min at 37°C. For experimentation, cells were treated with 50% methanol (-20°C) for 15 min at 4°C. Cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab9475, 0.1μg/1x106 cells) for 30 min at 4°C. The secondary antibody used was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-mouse IgG (H&L) (ab150113) at 1/2000 dilution for 30 min at 4°C. Isotype control antibody (black line) was mouse IgG2a [ICIGG2A] (ab91361, 0.1μg/1x106 cells) used under the same conditions. Unlabelled sample (blue line) was also used as a control. Acquisition of >30,000 total events were collected using a 20mW Argon ion laser (488nm) and 525/30 bandpass filter. Gating strategy - peripheral blood lymphocytes.
Formalin fixed paraffin embedded human tonsil stained with CD20, B cell using ABC and Fast Red chromagen.
Western blot - Anti-CD20 antibody [L26] (ab9475)Image from Polyak MJ et al, J Biol Chem 283:18545-52 (2008), Fig 5.
CD20 associates with phosphorylated proteins after BCR stimulation. Ramos cells were unstimulated or stimulated with F(ab')2 anti-Igµ for the times and temperatures indicated. Cells were lysed in digitonin, and CD20 was Immunoprecipitated from cleared lysates. Immunoprecipitates were probed using anti-phosphotyrosine (ptyr) (n = 4). The membranes were stripped and reprobed for CD20 using ab9475 (lower panel).
Moreno MA et al. Molecular signature of Epstein-Barr virus infection in MS brain lesions. Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm5:e466 (2018).
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Gallo A et al. Targeting the Ca(2+) Sensor STIM1 by Exosomal Transfer of Ebv-miR-BART13-3p is Associated with Sjögren's Syndrome. EBioMedicine10:216-26 (2016).
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