Key features and details
- Assay type: Direct
Product nameCell Fractionation Kit - Standard
See all Cell Fractionation kits
Abcam's Cell Fractionation Kit (Standard) allows for the rapid and simple preparation of mitochondrial, cytoplasmic and nuclear containing fractions from cultured cells from mammals and other species.
The Cell Fractionation Kit is designed to produce highly enriched fractions that allow for the monitoring of proteins of interest through various cellular compartments. It is not designed to produce purified cellular fractions.
This kit does not require mechanical disruption of the sample. This is important as mechanical disruption can disrupt mitochondrial membranes, causing the biologically-irrelevant release of proteins. This kit is particularly useful in studying apoptosis and the movement of pro-apoptotic proteins such as cytochrome c.
Sufficient materials are provided for fractionation of 1 x108 cells or for preparation of 40 samples, each corresponding to one 100 mm plate at 2.5 x 106 cells/plate.
A companion product is also available which allows for the fractionation of cells grown in 96-well plates: Cell Fractionation Kit HT (ab109718).
Storage instructionsPlease refer to protocols.
Components 1 kit 5 X SDS Sample Buffer 1 x 10ml Buffer A 2x concentrate 1 x 175ml Detergent I 1 x 25µl Detergent II 1 x 1ml
Samples were loaded as follows from left to right: (1) Marker, (2) whole cell lysate, (3) cytosolic fraction lysate, (4) membrane fraction lysate and (5) nuclear fraction lysate. Membrane was blotted with a Plasma Membrane Fractionation WB cocktail ab140365 containing anti-Sodium Potassium ATPase antibody (110 kDa), anti-GAPDH antibody (37 kDa) and anti-Histone H3 (di methyl K9) antibody.
Cytosolic (C), mitochondrial (M) and nuclear (N) fractions of HepG2 cells were prepared as described in the Protocol. Fractions were analyzed by Western blotting using Abcam's ApoTrack™ Cytochrome c Apoptosis WB Antibody Cocktail (ab110415) containing antibodies against mitochondrial matrix (pyruvate dehydrogenase subunit E1α, PDH E1α), mitochondrial inner membrane (F1-ATPase α), mitochondrial intermembrane space (cytochrome c) and cytosolic (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, GAPDH) markers as well as with antibodies against additional mitochondrial matrix (Hsp70) and nuclear (poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, PARP and SP1) markers, followed by appropriate HRP-conjugated goat secondary antibodies and ECL detection.
In this experiment, apoptosis was induced in Jurkat, HeLa and 143B osteosarcoma cells by treatment with staurosporine or in Jurkat cells by FAS. Mitochondrial and cytoplasmic fractions were isolated (using ab109719) and probed using ab110415. As is clear from the gels, cytochrome c has translocated partially in FAS-induced cells and STS-treated osteosarcoma cells, and almost completely in STS-treated Jurkat and HeLa cells. The three control targets allow for verification of the "cleanness" of the cell fractionation.
ab109719 has been referenced in 73 publications.
- Byrne FL et al. Phenotypic screen for oxygen consumption rate identifies an anti-cancer naphthoquinone that induces mitochondrial oxidative stress. Redox Biol 28:101374 (2020). PubMed: 31743887
- Nassar ZD et al. Human DECR1 is an androgen-repressed survival factor that regulates PUFA oxidation to protect prostate tumor cells from ferroptosis. Elife 9:N/A (2020). PubMed: 32686647
- Sarkar A et al. Ataxia telangiectasia mutated interacts with Parkin and induces mitophagy independent of kinase activity. Evidence from mantle cell lymphoma. Haematologica N/A:N/A (2020). PubMed: 32029507
- Pinteric M et al. Sirt3 Exerts Its Tumor-Suppressive Role by Increasing p53 and Attenuating Response to Estrogen in MCF-7 Cells. Antioxidants (Basel) 9:N/A (2020). PubMed: 32244715
- Dyshlovoy SA et al. Inspired by Sea Urchins: Warburg Effect Mediated Selectivity of Novel Synthetic Non-Glycoside 1,4-Naphthoquinone-6S-Glucose Conjugates in Prostate Cancer. Mar Drugs 18:N/A (2020). PubMed: 32403427