Recombinant
RabMAb

Recombinant Anti-Cytochrome C antibody [EPR1327] - BSA and Azide free (ab218312)

Overview

  • Product name

    Anti-Cytochrome C antibody [EPR1327] - BSA and Azide free
    See all Cytochrome C primary antibodies
  • Description

    Rabbit monoclonal [EPR1327] to Cytochrome C - BSA and Azide free
  • Host species

    Rabbit
  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: WB, IP, IHC-P, ICC/IFmore details
  • Species reactivity

    Reacts with: Mouse, Rat, Human
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide corresponding to residues in Human Cytochrome C

  • Positive control

    • Molt4, SH-SY5Y, Human heart, Human kidney and Human spleen lysates. Human kidney tissue.
  • General notes

    Ab218312 is the carrier-free version of ab133504. This format is designed for use in antibody labeling, including fluorochromes, metal isotopes, oligonucleotides, enzymes.

     

    Our carrier-free formats are supplied in a buffer free of BSA, sodium azide and glycerol for higher conjugation efficiency.

    Use our conjugation kits  for antibody conjugates that are ready-to-use in as little as 20 minutes with <1 minute hands-on-time and 100% antibody recovery: available for fluorescent dyes, HRP, biotin and gold.

    ab218312 is compatible with the Maxpar® Antibody Labeling Kit from Fluidigm.

    Maxpar® is a trademark of Fluidigm Canada Inc.

    Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMab® patents.

    This product is a recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibody.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab218312 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
WB Use at an assay dependent concentration. Detects a band of approximately 14 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 11 kDa).
IP Use at an assay dependent concentration.
IHC-P Use at an assay dependent concentration. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval before commencing with IHC staining protocol.

See IHC antigen retrieval protocols.

ICC/IF Use at an assay dependent concentration.

Target

  • Function

    Electron carrier protein. The oxidized form of the cytochrome c heme group can accept an electron from the heme group of the cytochrome c1 subunit of cytochrome reductase. Cytochrome c then transfers this electron to the cytochrome oxidase complex, the final protein carrier in the mitochondrial electron-transport chain.
    Plays a role in apoptosis. Suppression of the anti-apoptotic members or activation of the pro-apoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family leads to altered mitochondrial membrane permeability resulting in release of cytochrome c into the cytosol. Binding of cytochrome c to Apaf-1 triggers the activation of caspase-9, which then accelerates apoptosis by activating other caspases.
  • Involvement in disease

    Defects in CYCS are the cause of thrombocytopenia type 4 (THC4) [MIM:612004]; also known as autosomal dominant thrombocytopenia type 4. Thrombocytopenia is the presence of relatively few platelets in blood. THC4 is a non-syndromic form of thrombocytopenia. Clinical manifestations of thrombocytopenia are absent or mild. THC4 may be caused by dysregulated platelet formation.
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the cytochrome c family.
  • Post-translational
    modifications

    Binds 1 heme group per subunit.
  • Cellular localization

    Mitochondrion matrix.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links

  • Alternative names

    • CYC antibody
    • CYC_HUMAN antibody
    • CYCS antibody
    • Cytochrome c antibody
    • Cytochrome c somatic antibody
    • HCS antibody
    • THC4 antibody
    see all

Images

  • Immunohistochemical staining of paraffin embedded human cervical carcinoma with purified ab133504 at a working dilution of 1 in 500. The secondary antibody used is a HRP goat anti-rabbit H+L (ab97051). The sample is counter-stained with hematoxylin. Antigen retrieval was perfomed using Tris-EDTA buffer, pH 9.0. PBS was used instead of the primary antibody as the negative control, and is shown in the inset.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab133504).

  • Immunohistochemical staining of paraffin embedded mouse liver with purified ab133504 at a working dilution of 1 in 500. The secondary antibody used is a HRP goat anti-rabbit H+L (ab97051). The sample is counter-stained with hematoxylin. Antigen retrieval was perfomed using Tris-EDTA buffer, pH 9.0. PBS was used instead of the primary antibody as the negative control, and is shown in the inset.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab133504).

  • Immunohistochemical staining of paraffin embedded rat kidney with purified ab133504 at a working dilution of 1 in 500. The secondary antibody used is a HRP goat anti-rabbit H+L (ab97051). The sample is counter-stained with hematoxylin. Antigen retrieval was perfomed using Tris-EDTA buffer, pH 9.0. PBS was used instead of the primary antibody as the negative control, and is shown in the inset.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab133504).

  • Immunofluorescence staining of SH-SY5Y cells with purified ab133504 at a working dilution of 1 in 100, counter-stained with DAPI. The secondary antibody was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti rabbit (ab150077), used at a dilution of 1 in 500. ab7291 was used to stain tubulin, and this is shown in the top right hand panel. The cells were fixed in 4% PFA and permeabilized using 0.1% Triton X 100. The negative control is shown in bottom middle and right hand panels - for the negative controls, purified ab133504 was used at a dilution of 1/200 followed by an Alexa Fluor® 594 goat anti-mouse antibody at a dilution of 1/500.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab133504).

  • ab133504 (purified) at 1/30 immunoprecipitating Cytochrome C in Molt-4 cells (Lane 1). For western blotting, a HRP-conjugated goat anti-rabbit (H+L), was used as the secondary antibody (1/1000).

    Blocking buffer and concentration: 5% NFDM/TBST.

    Diluting buffer and concentration: 5% NFDM /TBST.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab133504).

  • Equilibrium disassociation constant (KD)
    Learn more about KD

    Click here to learn more about KD

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab133504).

  • Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded Human kidney tissue labelling Cytochrome C with unpurified ab133504 at 1/250 dilution.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab133504).

    Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval before commencing with IHC staining protocol.

  • Immunofluorescent analysis of HeLa cells labelling Cytochrome C with unpurified ab133504 at 1/100 dilution.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab133504).

References

This product has been referenced in:

  • Kitsati N  et al. Hydroxytyrosol inhibits hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptotic signaling via labile iron chelation. Redox Biol 10:233-242 (2016). Read more (PubMed: 27810738) »
  • Snider NT  et al. Ethanol and Acetaminophen Synergistically Induce Hepatic Aggregation and TCH346-Insensitive Nuclear Translocation of GAPDH. PLoS One 11:e0160982 (2016). Mouse . Read more (PubMed: 27513663) »
See all 8 Publications for this product

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