• Product name
    Anti-Dystrophin antibody [MANDRA1]
    See all Dystrophin primary antibodies
  • Description
    Mouse monoclonal [MANDRA1] to Dystrophin
  • Host species
  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: ELISA, IHC-Fr, WB, ICC/IFmore details
    Unsuitable for: IHC-P
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Mouse, Rat, Human, Fish
  • Immunogen

    Fusion protein, corresponding to amino acids 3200-3684 of Human Dystrophin.

  • Epitope
    128 amino acids at the end of the C-terminal domain of the human dystrophin molecule (a.a. residues 3558-3684).
  • Positive control
    • lympho blastoid cells, cultures of brain astroglial and neuronal cells, liver and Hep G2 cells
  • General notes

    The C-terminal domain of the human dystrophin molecule (a.a. residues 3558-3684) is present in normal muscle tissue. It is also present in nearly all Becker muscular dystrophies, but is absent in cases of Duchenne muscular dystrophies and in the dystrophic mouse (mdx).




Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab7164 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
ELISA Use at an assay dependent concentration.
IHC-Fr Use at an assay dependent concentration.
WB Use at an assay dependent concentration.
ICC/IF Use at an assay dependent concentration. PubMed: 22869749
  • Application notes
    Is unsuitable for IHC-P.
  • Target

    • Function
      Anchors the extracellular matrix to the cytoskeleton via F-actin. Ligand for dystroglycan. Component of the dystrophin-associated glycoprotein complex which accumulates at the neuromuscular junction (NMJ) and at a variety of synapses in the peripheral and central nervous systems and has a structural function in stabilizing the sarcolemma. Also implicated in signaling events and synaptic transmission.
    • Tissue specificity
      Expressed in muscle fibers accumulating in the costameres of myoplasm at the sarcolemma. Expressed in brain, muscle, kidney, lung and testis. Isoform 5 is expressed in heart, brain, liver, testis and hepatoma cells. Most tissues contain transcripts of multiple isoforms, however only isoform 5 is detected in heart and liver.
    • Involvement in disease
      Defects in DMD are the cause of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) [MIM:310200]. DMD is the most common form of muscular dystrophy; a sex-linked recessive disorder. It typically presents in boys aged 3 to 7 year as proximal muscle weakness causing waddling gait, toe-walking, lordosis, frequent falls, and difficulty in standing up and climbing up stairs. The pelvic girdle is affected first, then the shoulder girdle. Progression is steady and most patients are confined to a wheelchair by age of 10 or 12. Flexion contractures and scoliosis ultimately occur. About 50% of patients have a lower IQ than their genetic expectations would suggest. There is no treatment.
      Defects in DMD are the cause of Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) [MIM:300376]. BMD resembles DMD in hereditary and clinical features but is later in onset and more benign.
      Defects in DMD are a cause of cardiomyopathy dilated X-linked type 3B (CMD3B) [MIM:302045]; also known as X-linked dilated cardiomyopathy (XLCM). Dilated cardiomyopathy is a disorder characterized by ventricular dilation and impaired systolic function, resulting in congestive heart failure and arrhythmia. Patients are at risk of premature death.
    • Sequence similarities
      Contains 2 CH (calponin-homology) domains.
      Contains 22 spectrin repeats.
      Contains 1 WW domain.
      Contains 1 ZZ-type zinc finger.
    • Cellular localization
      Cell membrane > sarcolemma. Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton.
    • Information by UniProt
    • Database links
    • Alternative names
      • BMD antibody
      • CMD3B antibody
      • DMD antibody
      • DMD_HUMAN antibody
      • Duchenne muscular dystrophy protein antibody
      • Dystrophin antibody
      • Muscular dystrophy Duchenne and Becker types antibody
      see all


    • Anti-Dystrophin antibody [MANDRA1] (ab7164) at 1/300 dilution + whole lysate prepared from mouse myotubes at 30 µg

      Rabbit Anti-Mouse IgG H&L (HRP) (ab6728) at 1/8000 dilution

      Developed using the ECL technique.

      Exposure time: 5 minutes

      See Abreview

    • ab7164 staining Dystrophin in frozen human tongue tissue sections by Immunohistochemistry (IHC - Fr- Frozen sections). Samples were incubated 1:100 dilution. A Goat Anti-mouse, FITC- conjugate was used as the secondary antibody. 


    This product has been referenced in:
    • Baruffaldi F  et al. Dynamic Phosphorylation of the Myocyte Enhancer Factor 2Ca1 Splice Variant Promotes Skeletal Muscle Regeneration and Hypertrophy. Stem Cells 35:725-738 (2017). Read more (PubMed: 27612437) »
    • Sekulic-Jablanovic M  et al. Functional characterization of orbicularis oculi and extraocular muscles. J Gen Physiol 147:395-406 (2016). Read more (PubMed: 27069119) »

    See all 16 Publications for this product

    Customer reviews and Q&As

    Thank you for your inquiry.

    Based on its primary structure, the dystrophin can be divided into four distinct structural domains: (1) the N-terminal actin-binding domain (aa 14-240), (2) the large triple helical spectrin-like domain (aa 25...

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    Thank you for your phone enquiries and interest in our products.

    ab7163 - Anti-Dystrophin antibody [MANDYS8]

    This antibody Monoclonal Anti-Dystrophin, clone MANDYS8, recognizes an epitope located on the rod domain of the human dyst...

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    Thank you for your phone call. As we discussed, this antibody is not conjugated so it should not produce any signal in the absence of a secondary antibody. It is likely that the signal you are observing is autofluorescence. The attached reference detai...

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    Thank you for your email. It was nice to speak to you over the phone.
    I am sorry to hear that you are encountering problems with ab7164.

    I am sorry this product did not perform as stated on the datasheet and for the inconvenience this h...

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    Abcam guarantees this product to work in the species/application used in this Abreview.
    Western blot
    Mouse Cell lysate - whole cell (mouse myotubes)
    Loading amount
    30 µg
    mouse myotubes
    Gel Running Conditions
    Reduced Denaturing (4-20% gradient gel)
    Blocking step
    BSA as blocking agent for 1 hour(s) and 0 minute(s) · Concentration: 5% · Temperature: 25°C

    Abcam user community

    Verified customer

    Submitted Jul 21 2011

    Thank you for your e-mail. I would recommend using the same fixative that have been used in the references where staining was done on frozen section; unfortunately I cannot access those papers myself to find this information. I would suspect the fi...

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    Thank you for your enquiry. The antibody will work in frozen sections and I would recommend the following references as sources of staining protocols as they have tested the antibody in IHC: Ellis JM et al. Specificity of dystrophin analysis impr...

    Read More

    Thank you for your phone call. This clone was tested for application in both direct and indirect ELISA as per the citations below (the PubMed links can be found on the online datasheet for ab7164). Morris GE et al. A quantitative ELISA for dystrophi...

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