Overview

  • Product name

    Anti-EpCAM antibody [AUA1] - BSA and Azide free
    See all EpCAM primary antibodies
  • Description

    Mouse monoclonal [AUA1] to EpCAM - BSA and Azide free
  • Host species

    Mouse
  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: Flow Cyt, IHC-P, ELISAmore details
  • Species reactivity

    Reacts with: Human
  • Immunogen

    Tissue, cells or virus corresponding to EpCAM. LoVo cell line preparation (Human).

  • Positive control

    • Flow Cyt: DU 145 cells. IHC-P: Human breast carcinoma tissue.
  • General notes

    ab237955 is a PBS-only buffer format of ab20160.

    This antibody clone is manufactured by Abcam.

    If you require this antibody in a particular buffer formulation or a particular conjugate for your experiments, please contact orders@abcam.com or you can find further information here.

Properties

Associated products

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab237955 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
Flow Cyt Use 1µg for 106 cells.

Methanol fixed.

IHC-P Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
ELISA Use at an assay dependent concentration.

Target

  • Function

    May act as a physical homophilic interaction molecule between intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) at the mucosal epithelium for providing immunological barrier as a first line of defense against mucosal infection. Plays a role in embryonic stem cells proliferation and differentiation. Up-regulates the expression of FABP5, MYC and cyclins A and E.
  • Tissue specificity

    Highly and selectively expressed by undifferentiated rather than differentiated embryonic stem cells (ESC). Levels rapidly diminish as soon as ESC's differentiate (at protein levels). Expressed in almost all epithelial cell membranes but not on mesodermal or neural cell membranes. Found on the surface of adenocarcinoma.
  • Involvement in disease

    Defects in EPCAM are the cause of diarrhea type 5 (DIAR5) [MIM:613217]. It is an intractable diarrhea of infancy characterized by villous atrophy and absence of inflammation, with intestinal epithelial cell dysplasia manifesting as focal epithelial tufts in the duodenum and jejunum.
    Defects in EPCAM are a cause of hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer type 8 (HNPCC8) [MIM:613244]. HNPCC is a disease associated with marked increase in cancer susceptibility. It is characterized by a familial predisposition to early-onset colorectal carcinoma (CRC) and extra-colonic tumors of the gastrointestinal, urological and female reproductive tracts. HNPCC is reported to be the most common form of inherited colorectal cancer in the Western world. Clinically, HNPCC is often divided into two subgroups. Type I is characterized by hereditary predisposition to colorectal cancer, a young age of onset, and carcinoma observed in the proximal colon. Type II is characterized by increased risk for cancers in certain tissues such as the uterus, ovary, breast, stomach, small intestine, skin, and larynx in addition to the colon. Diagnosis of classical HNPCC is based on the Amsterdam criteria: 3 or more relatives affected by colorectal cancer, one a first degree relative of the other two; 2 or more generation affected; 1 or more colorectal cancers presenting before 50 years of age; exclusion of hereditary polyposis syndromes. The term 'suspected HNPCC' or 'incomplete HNPCC' can be used to describe families who do not or only partially fulfill the Amsterdam criteria, but in whom a genetic basis for colon cancer is strongly suspected. Note=HNPCC8 results from heterozygous deletion of 3-prime exons of EPCAM and intergenic regions directly upstream of MSH2, resulting in transcriptional read-through and epigenetic silencing of MSH2 in tissues expressing EPCAM.
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the EPCAM family.
    Contains 1 thyroglobulin type-1 domain.
  • Post-translational
    modifications

    Hyperglycosylated in carcinoma tissue as compared with autologous normal epithelia. Glycosylation at Asn-198 is crucial for protein stability.
  • Cellular localization

    Lateral cell membrane. Cell junction > tight junction. Co-localizes with CLDN7 at the lateral cell membrane and tight junction.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links

  • Alternative names

    • 17 1A antibody
    • 323/A3 antibody
    • Adenocarcinoma associated antigen antibody
    • Adenocarcinoma-associated antigen antibody
    • Antigen identified by monoclonal antibody AUA1 antibody
    • AUA1 antibody
    • CD326 antibody
    • CD326 antigen antibody
    • Cell surface glycoprotein Trop 1 antibody
    • Cell surface glycoprotein Trop 2 antibody
    • Cell surface glycoprotein Trop-1 antibody
    • CO 17A antibody
    • CO17 1A antibody
    • CO17A antibody
    • DIAR5 antibody
    • EGP 2 antibody
    • EGP antibody
    • EGP2 antibody
    • EGP314 antibody
    • EGP40 antibody
    • Ep CAM antibody
    • Ep-CAM antibody
    • EPCAM antibody
    • EPCAM_HUMAN antibody
    • EpCAM1 antibody
    • Epithelial cell adhesion molecule antibody
    • Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule Intracellular Domain (EpCAM-ICD) antibody
    • Epithelial cell surface antigen antibody
    • Epithelial cellular adhesion molecule antibody
    • Epithelial glycoprotein 1 antibody
    • Epithelial glycoprotein 314 antibody
    • Epithelial glycoprotein antibody
    • ESA antibody
    • GA733 1 antibody
    • GA733 2 antibody
    • GA733-2 antibody
    • gastrointestinal tumor-associated antigen 2, 35-KD glycoprotein antibody
    • gp4 antibody
    • hEGP 2 antibody
    • hEGP314 antibody
    • HNPCC8 antibody
    • Human epithelial glycoprotein 2 antibody
    • KS 1/4 antigen antibody
    • KS1/4 antibody
    • KSA antibody
    • Ly74 antibody
    • Lymphocyte antigen 74 antibody
    • M1S 1 antibody
    • M1S2 antibody
    • M4S1 antibody
    • Major gastrointestinal tumor associated protein GA733 2 antibody
    • Major gastrointestinal tumor-associated protein GA733-2 antibody
    • mEGP314 antibody
    • Membrane component chromosome 4 surface marker (35kD glycoprotein) antibody
    • Membrane component, chromosome 4, surface marker 1 antibody
    • Membrane component, chromosome 4, surface marker antibody
    • MIC18 antibody
    • MK 1 antibody
    • Protein 289A antibody
    • TACD1 antibody
    • TACSTD1 antibody
    • TROP1 antibody
    • Tumor associated calcium signal transducer 1 antibody
    • Tumor associated calcium signal transducer 2 precursor antibody
    • Tumor-associated calcium signal transducer 1 antibody
    see all

Images

  • IHC image of ab20160 staining in human breast carcinoma formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue section, performed on a Leica BondTM system using the standard protocol F.

    The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH 6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab20160, 10µg/ml, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with hematoxylin and mounted with DPX.

    For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.

    This image was produced using the same antibody clone but in a different formulation; PBS, glycerol and sodium azide (ab20160).

  • Overlay histogram showing DU 145 (Human prostate carcinoma cell line) cells stained with ab20160 (red line).

    The cells were fixed with methanol (5 min) and incubated in 1x PBS / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine to block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab20160, 1µg/1x106 cells) for 30 min at 22°C. The secondary antibody used was DyLight® 488 goat anti-mouse IgG (H+L) (ab96879) at 1/500 dilution for 30 min at 22°C. Isotype control antibody (black line) was mouse IgG1 [ICIGG1] (ab91353, 2µg/1x106 cells) used under the same conditions. Acquisition of >5,000 events was performed.

    This antibody gave a slightly decreased signal in DU 145 cells fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde (10 min) used under the same conditions.

    Please note that Abcam does not have data for use of this antibody on non-fixed cells. We welcome any customer feedback.

    This image was produced using the same antibody clone but in a different formulation; PBS, glycerol and sodium azide (ab20160).

References

ab237955 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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