• Product name

    Anti-ETFDH antibody [3D1AC4AF3]
    See all ETFDH primary antibodies
  • Description

    Mouse monoclonal [3D1AC4AF3] to ETFDH
  • Host species

  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: In-Cell ELISA, Flow Cyt, ICC/IF, WB, IHC-Pmore details
  • Species reactivity

    Reacts with: Mouse, Rat, Cow, Human
  • Immunogen

    Recombinant full length protein. This information is considered to be commercially sensitive.

  • Positive control

    • WB: HLH, HHH, HeLa, HDFn, SY5Y, Jurkat, MLH, MHH, RLH, RHH, RBH, RKH, RSMH tissue homogenates
      ICC/IF: Paraformaldehyde fixed HDFn (Human), NIH 3T3 (Mouse) and H9C2 (Rat) cells
      Flow Cyt: HeLa cells This antibody gave a positive result in IHC in the following FFPE tissue: Human normal heart muscle.
  • General notes

    This antibody clone is manufactured by Abcam.

    Product was previously marketed under the MitoSciences sub-brand.

    If you require this antibody in a particular buffer formulation or a particular conjugate for your experiments, please contact orders@abcam.com or you can find further information here.



Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab131376 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
In-Cell ELISA Use at an assay dependent concentration.
Flow Cyt Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml.

(cells fixed and permeabilized with methanol)




ab170190 - Mouse monoclonal IgG1, is suitable for use as an isotype control with this antibody.


ICC/IF Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml. (paraformaldehyde fixed cells)
WB Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Predicted molecular weight: 68 kDa.
IHC-P Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml.


  • Function

    Accepts electrons from ETF and reduces ubiquinone.
  • Involvement in disease

    Defects in ETFDH are the cause of glutaric aciduria type 2C (GA2C) [MIM:231680]. GA2C is an autosomal recessively inherited disorder of fatty acid, amino acid, and choline metabolism. It is characterized by multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiencies resulting in large excretion not only of glutaric acid, but also of lactic, ethylmalonic, butyric, isobutyric, 2-methyl-butyric, and isovaleric acids.
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the ETF-QO/fixC family.
    Contains 1 4Fe-4S ferredoxin-type domain.
  • Cellular localization

    Mitochondrion inner membrane.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links

  • Alternative names

    • Electron transfer flavoprotein ubiquinone oxidoreductase antibody
    • Electron transfer flavoprotein-ubiquinone oxidoreductase antibody
    • electron transferring flavoprotein dehydrogenase antibody
    • Electron-transferring-flavoprotein dehydrogenase antibody
    • ETF dehydrogenase antibody
    • ETF QO antibody
    • ETF ubiquinone oxidoreductase antibody
    • ETF-QO antibody
    • ETF-ubiquinone oxidoreductase antibody
    • ETFD_HUMAN antibody
    • Etfdh antibody
    • MADD antibody
    • mitochondrial antibody
    see all


  • All lanes : Anti-ETFDH antibody [3D1AC4AF3] (ab131376) at 1 µg/ml

    Lane 1 : Molecular weight marker
    Lane 2 : Human Liver Homogenate (HLH) at 10 µg
    Lane 3 : Human Heart Homogenate (HHH) at 10 µg
    Lane 4 : HepG2 Cell Lysate at 15 µg
    Lane 5 : Hela Cell Lysate at 15 µg
    Lane 6 : HDFn Cell Lysate at 15 µg
    Lane 7 : SY5Y Cell Lysate at 15 µg
    Lane 8 : Jurkat Cell Lysate at 15 µg
    Lane 9 : Mouse Liver Homogenate (MLH) at 10 µg
    Lane 10 : Mouse Heart Homogenate (MHH) at 10 µg
    Lane 11 : Rat Liver Homogenate (RLH) at 10 µg
    Lane 12 : Rat Heart Homogenate (RHH) at 10 µg
    Lane 13 : Rat Brain Homogenate (RBH) at 10 µg
    Lane 14 : Rat Kidney Homogenate (RLH) at 10 µg
    Lane 15 : Rat Skeletal Muscle Homogenate (RSMH) at 10 µg

    All lanes : Goat anti-Mouse AP at 1/3000 dilution

    Predicted band size: 68 kDa

    The high background signal in Mouse tissue sample was caused by the direct reaction between the Mouse IgG in Mouse tissue preps and the Goat anti-Mouse secondary antibody.
  • Immunofluorescent analysis of ETFDH in HDFn cells.
    The cells were paraformaldehyde fixed (4%, 20 minutes) and Triton X-100 permeabilized (0.1%, 15 minutes). The cells were then incubated with ab131376 at 5 µg/ml for 2 h at room temperature, or over night at 4°C. The secondary antibody was (red) Alexa Fluor® 594 Goat anti-Mouse IgG (H+L) used at a 1/1000 dilution for 1 h. 1% BSA was used as the blocking agent for all blocking steps. The target protein locates to the mitochondria.
  • IHC image of ETFDH staining in Human normal heart muscle formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue section, performed on a Leica BondTM system using the standard protocol F. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab131376, 5µg/ml, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX.

    For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.

  • Flow cytometric analysis of ETFDH in HeLa cells fixed and permeabilized with methanol and stained with 1 µg/mL of ab131376 (blue), or an equal amount of an isotype control antibody (red). 1% BSA was used as the blocking reagent for all the blocking steps.


This product has been referenced in:

  • Roselló-Lletí E  et al. Heart mitochondrial proteome study elucidates changes in cardiac energy metabolism and antioxidant PRDX3 in human dilated cardiomyopathy. PLoS One 9:e112971 (2014). WB ; Human . Read more (PubMed: 25397948) »
See 1 Publication for this product

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