Recombinant
RabMAb

Recombinant Anti-gamma H2A.X (phospho S139) antibody [EP854(2)Y] (Alexa Fluor® 488) (ab195188)

Overview

  • Product name

    Anti-gamma H2A.X (phospho S139) antibody [EP854(2)Y] (Alexa Fluor® 488)
    See all gamma H2A.X primary antibodies
  • Description

    Rabbit monoclonal [EP854(2)Y] to gamma H2A.X (phospho S139) (Alexa Fluor® 488)
  • Host species

    Rabbit
  • Conjugation

    Alexa Fluor® 488. Ex: 495nm, Em: 519nm
  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: ICC/IFmore details
  • Species reactivity

    Reacts with: Human
    Predicted to work with: Mouse, Rat
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide (the amino acid sequence is considered to be commercially sensitive) corresponding to Human Histone H2A.X (phospho S139).

  • Positive control

    • ICC/IF: Jurkat cells treated with ETP.
  • General notes

    Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMab® patents.

    Alexa Fluor® is a registered trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc, a Thermo Fisher Scientific Company. The Alexa Fluor® dye included in this product is provided under an intellectual property license from Life Technologies Corporation. As this product contains the Alexa Fluor® dye, the purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). As this product contains the Alexa Fluor® dye the sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components, or any materials made using the product or its components, in any activity to generate revenue, which may include, but is not limited to use of the product or its components: in manufacturing; (ii) to provide a service, information, or data in return for payment (iii) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; or (iv) for resale, regardless of whether they are sold for use in research. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, 5781 Van Allen Way, Carlsbad, CA 92008 USA or outlicensing@thermofisher.com.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab195188 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
ICC/IF 1/50.

Target

  • Function

    Variant histone H2A which replaces conventional H2A in a subset of nucleosomes. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling. Required for checkpoint-mediated arrest of cell cycle progression in response to low doses of ionizing radiation and for efficient repair of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) specifically when modified by C-terminal phosphorylation.
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the histone H2A family.
  • Developmental stage

    Synthesized in G1 as well as in S-phase.
  • Domain

    The [ST]-Q motif constitutes a recognition sequence for kinases from the PI3/PI4-kinase family.
  • Post-translational
    modifications

    Phosphorylated on Ser-140 (to form gamma-H2AFX or H2AX139ph) in response to DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) generated by exogenous genotoxic agents and by stalled replication forks, and may also occur during meiotic recombination events and immunoglobulin class switching in lymphocytes. Phosphorylation can extend up to several thousand nucleosomes from the actual site of the DSB and may mark the surrounding chromatin for recruitment of proteins required for DNA damage signaling and repair. Widespread phosphorylation may also serve to amplify the damage signal or aid repair of persistent lesions. Phosphorylation of Ser-140 (H2AX139ph) in response to ionizing radiation is mediated by both ATM and PRKDC while defects in DNA replication induce Ser-140 phosphorylation (H2AX139ph) subsequent to activation of ATR and PRKDC. Dephosphorylation of Ser-140 by PP2A is required for DNA DSB repair. In meiosis, Ser-140 phosphorylation (H2AX139ph) may occur at synaptonemal complexes during leptotene as an ATM-dependent response to the formation of programmed DSBs by SPO11. Ser-140 phosphorylation (H2AX139ph) may subsequently occurs at unsynapsed regions of both autosomes and the XY bivalent during zygotene, downstream of ATR and BRCA1 activation. Ser-140 phosphorylation (H2AX139ph) may also be required for transcriptional repression of unsynapsed chromatin and meiotic sex chromosome inactivation (MSCI), whereby the X and Y chromosomes condense in pachytene to form the heterochromatic XY-body. During immunoglobulin class switch recombination in lymphocytes, Ser-140 phosphorylation (H2AX139ph) may occur at sites of DNA-recombination subsequent to activation of the activation-induced cytidine deaminase AICDA. Phosphorylation at Tyr-143 (H2AXY142ph) by BAZ1B/WSTF determines the relative recruitment of either DNA repair or pro-apoptotic factors. Phosphorylation at Tyr-143 (H2AXY142ph) favors the recruitment of APBB1/FE65 and pro-apoptosis factors such as MAPK8/JNK1, triggering apoptosis. In contrast, dephosphorylation of Tyr-143 by EYA proteins (EYA1, EYA2, EYA3 or EYA4) favors the recruitment of MDC1-containing DNA repair complexes to the tail of phosphorylated Ser-140 (H2AX139ph).
    Monoubiquitination of Lys-120 (H2AXK119ub) by RING1 and RNF2/RING2 complex gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional repression. Following DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), it is ubiquitinated through 'Lys-63' linkage of ubiquitin moieties by the E2 ligase UBE2N and the E3 ligases RNF8 and RNF168, leading to the recruitment of repair proteins to sites of DNA damage. Monoubiquitination and ionizing radiation-induced 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitination are distinct events.
  • Cellular localization

    Nucleus. Chromosome.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links

  • Alternative names

    • H2A histone family member X antibody
    • H2A histone family member X antibody
    • H2A.FX antibody
    • H2A.X antibody
    • H2a/x antibody
    • H2AFX antibody
    • H2AX antibody
    • H2AX_HUMAN antibody
    • Histone H2A.X antibody
    see all

Images

  • ab195188 staining Histone H2A.X in Jurkat cells. The cells were incubated with 25uM ETP for 5 hours (Treated) or solvent-only for control purposes (Non-treated). The cells were fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min), permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 for 5 minutes and then blocked with 10% normal goat serum in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h. The cells were then incubated overnight at +4°C with ab195188 at 1/50 dilution (shown in green) and ab195889, Mouse monoclonal to alpha Tubulin (Alexa Fluor® 594), at 1/200 dilution (shown in red). Nuclear DNA was labelled with DAPI (shown in blue).
    Image was taken with a confocal microscope (Leica-Microsystems, TCS SP8).

References

ab195188 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

Customer reviews and Q&As

Application
Flow Cytometry
Sample
Human Cell (PBMC)
Permeabilization
Yes - 0.05% Triton-X100, 1% BSA in PBS
Gating Strategy
Lymphocytes in FSC vs SSC Single Cells in FSC-Area vs FSC-Width Histogram of Alexa Fluor 488
Specification
PBMC
Preparation
Cell harvesting/tissue preparation method: Ficoll Isolation
Sample buffer: PBS
Fixation
Formaldehyde

Sebastian Diegeler

Verified customer

Submitted Oct 05 2019

Please note: All products are "FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY. NOT FOR USE IN DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES"
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