Product nameAnti-GEF H1 antibody [B4/7]
See all GEF H1 primary antibodies
DescriptionMouse monoclonal [B4/7] to GEF H1
Tested applicationsSuitable for: IHC-P, WB, IP, IHC-Fr, ICC/IF, Flow Cytmore details
Species reactivityReacts with: Dog, Human
Protein fraction isolated from detergent extracts of MDCK cells.
Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Upon delivery aliquot and store at -20°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycles.
Storage bufferPreservative: 0.02% Sodium azide
Constituents: PBS, 0.1% BSA
Concentration information loading...
PurityProtein G purified
Purification notes0.2 µm filtered antibody solution
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab90783 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|IHC-P||Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml.|
|WB||1/50. Predicted molecular weight: 112 kDa.|
|IP||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|ICC/IF||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|Flow Cyt||Use 1-2µg for 106 cells.
ab170190 - Mouse monoclonal IgG1, is suitable for use as an isotype control with this antibody.
FunctionActivates Rho-GTPases by promoting the exchange of GDP for GTP. May be involved in epithelial barrier permeability, cell motility and polarization, dendritic spine morphology, antigen presentation, leukemic cell differentiation, cell cycle regulation, and cancer. Binds Rac-GTPases, but does not seem to promote nucleotide exchange activity toward Rac-GTPases, which was uniquely reported in PubMed:9857026. May stimulate instead the cortical activity of Rac. Inactive toward CDC42, TC10, or Ras-GTPases. Forms an intracellular sensing system along with NOD1 for the detection of microbial effectors during cell invasion by pathogens. Required for RHOA and RIP2 dependent NF-kappaB signaling pathways activation upon S.flexneri cell invasion. Involved not only in sensing peptidoglycan (PGN)-derived muropeptides through NOD1 that is independent of its GEF activity, but also in the activation of NF-kappaB by Shigella effector proteins (IpgB2 and OspB) which requires its GEF activity and the activation of RhoA.
Sequence similaritiesContains 1 DH (DBL-homology) domain.
Contains 1 PH domain.
Contains 1 phorbol-ester/DAG-type zinc finger.
DomainThe DH (DBL-homology) domain interacts with and promotes loading of GTP on RhoA.
The PH (pleckstrin-homology) domain is involved in microtubule binding and targeting to tight junctions.
modificationsPhosphorylation of Ser-886 by PAK1 induces binding to protein 14-3-3 zeta, promoting its relocation to microtubules and the inhibition of its activity. Phosphorylated by STK6 and CDK1 during mitosis, which negatively regulates its activity. Phosphorylation by MAPK1 or MAPK3 increases nucleotide exchange activity. Phosphorylation by PAK4 releases GEF-H1 from the microtubules.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm. Cell junction > tight junction. Golgi apparatus. Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton > spindle. Cell projection > ruffle membrane. Localizes to the tips of cortical microtubules of the mitotic spindle during cell division, and is further released upon microtubule depolymerization. Recruited into membrane ruffles induced by S.flexneri at tight junctions of polarized epithelial cells.
- Information by UniProt
- AA408978 antibody
- ARHG2 antibody
- ARHG2_HUMAN antibody
IHC image of ab90783 staining in Hu breast cancer formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue section, performed on a Leica BondTM system using the standard protocol F. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab90783, 5µg/ml, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.
Overlay histogram showing HeLa cells stained with ab90783 (red line). The cells were fixed with 80% methanol (5 min) and then permeabilized with 0.1% PBS-Tween for 20 min. The cells were then incubated in 1x PBS / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine to block non-specific protein-protein interactions followed by the antibody (ab90783, 1µg/1x106 cells) for 30 min at 22ºC. The secondary antibody used was DyLight® 488 goat anti-mouse IgG (H+L) (ab96879) at 1/500 dilution for 30 min at 22ºC. Isotype control antibody (black line) was mouse IgG1 [ICIGG1] (ab91353, 2µg/1x106 cells) used under the same conditions. Acquisition of >5,000 events was performed. This antibody gave a positive signal in HeLa cells fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde (10 min)/permeabilized with 0.1% PBS-Tween for 20 min used under the same conditions.
This product has been referenced in:
- Cao J et al. Increased expression of GEF-H1 promotes colon cancer progression by RhoA signaling. Pathol Res Pract 215:1012-1019 (2019). Read more (PubMed: 30846413) »
- Yu J et al. Wnt5a induces ROR1/ROR2 heterooligomerization to enhance leukemia chemotaxis and proliferation. J Clin Invest 126:585-98 (2016). Read more (PubMed: 26690702) »