Product nameAnti-GEF H1 antibody - C-terminal
See all GEF H1 primary antibodies
DescriptionRabbit polyclonal to GEF H1 - C-terminal
Tested applicationsSuitable for: WBmore details
Species reactivityReacts with: Drosophila melanogaster
Recombinant fragment within Drosophila melanogaster GEF H1 (C terminal). The exact sequence is proprietary. CG10188 gene product.
Database link: Q9VIV0
- WB: Drosophila melanogaster overexpressing CG10188 brain homogenate.
Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C long term. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
Storage bufferpH: 7.00
Preservative: 0.025% Proclin
Constituents: PBS, 20% Glycerol
Concentration information loading...
PurityImmunogen affinity purified
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab229685 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|WB||1/1000 - 1/10000.|
FunctionActivates Rho-GTPases by promoting the exchange of GDP for GTP. May be involved in epithelial barrier permeability, cell motility and polarization, dendritic spine morphology, antigen presentation, leukemic cell differentiation, cell cycle regulation, and cancer. Binds Rac-GTPases, but does not seem to promote nucleotide exchange activity toward Rac-GTPases, which was uniquely reported in PubMed:9857026. May stimulate instead the cortical activity of Rac. Inactive toward CDC42, TC10, or Ras-GTPases. Forms an intracellular sensing system along with NOD1 for the detection of microbial effectors during cell invasion by pathogens. Required for RHOA and RIP2 dependent NF-kappaB signaling pathways activation upon S.flexneri cell invasion. Involved not only in sensing peptidoglycan (PGN)-derived muropeptides through NOD1 that is independent of its GEF activity, but also in the activation of NF-kappaB by Shigella effector proteins (IpgB2 and OspB) which requires its GEF activity and the activation of RhoA.
Sequence similaritiesContains 1 DH (DBL-homology) domain.
Contains 1 PH domain.
Contains 1 phorbol-ester/DAG-type zinc finger.
DomainThe DH (DBL-homology) domain interacts with and promotes loading of GTP on RhoA.
The PH (pleckstrin-homology) domain is involved in microtubule binding and targeting to tight junctions.
modificationsPhosphorylation of Ser-886 by PAK1 induces binding to protein 14-3-3 zeta, promoting its relocation to microtubules and the inhibition of its activity. Phosphorylated by STK6 and CDK1 during mitosis, which negatively regulates its activity. Phosphorylation by MAPK1 or MAPK3 increases nucleotide exchange activity. Phosphorylation by PAK4 releases GEF-H1 from the microtubules.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm. Cell junction > tight junction. Golgi apparatus. Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton > spindle. Cell projection > ruffle membrane. Localizes to the tips of cortical microtubules of the mitotic spindle during cell division, and is further released upon microtubule depolymerization. Recruited into membrane ruffles induced by S.flexneri at tight junctions of polarized epithelial cells.
- Information by UniProt
- AA408978 antibody
- ARHG2 antibody
- ARHG2_HUMAN antibody
All lanes : Anti-GEF H1 antibody - C-terminal (ab229685) at 1/5000 dilution
Lane 1 : Drosophila melanogaster Cantoon-S (wild type), brain homogenate
Lane 2 : Drosophila melanogaster CG10188 -/-, brain homogenate
Lanes 3-4 : Drosophila melanogaster CG10188 -/+, brain homogenate
Lane 5 : Drosophila melanogaster CG10188 overexpression, brain homogenate
4-20% SDS-PAGE gel.
ab229685 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.