Mediates the vitamin K-dependent carboxylation of glutamate residues to calcium-binding gamma-carboxyglutamate (Gla) residues with the concomitant conversion of the reduced hydroquinone form of vitamin K to vitamin K epoxide.
Involvement in disease
Defects in GGCX are a cause of combined deficiency of vitamin K-dependent clotting factors type 1 (VKCFD1) [MIM:277450]; also known as multiple coagulation factor deficiency III (MCFD3). VKCFD leads to a bleeding tendency that is usually reversed by oral administration of vitamin K. Defects in GGCX are the cause of pseudoxanthoma elasticum-like disorder with multiple coagulation factor deficiency (PXEL-MCFD) [MIM:610842]. This syndrome is characterized by hyperlaxity of the skin involving the entire body. Important phenotypic differences with classical PXE include much more severe skin laxity with spreading toward the trunk and limbs with thick, leathery skin folds rather than confinement to flexural areas, and no decrease in visual acuity. Moreover, detailed electron microscopic analyzes revealed that alterations of elastic fibers as well as their mineralization are slightly different from those in classic PXE.
Belongs to the vitamin K-dependent gamma-carboxylase family.