Key features and details
- Sample type: Cit plasma, Hep Plasma, Serum
- Detection method: Colorimetric
- Assay type: Sandwich (qualitative)
- Reacts with: Human
Product nameHantavirus IgM ELISA kit
See all Hantavirus kits
Intra-assay Sample n Mean SD CV% sample 24 0.649nM 4.11% sample 24 1.322nM 3.24% sample 24 1.064nM 4.29% Inter-assay Sample n Mean SD CV% sample 12 23.49nM 12.94% sample 12 15.31nM 12.08% sample 12 0.73nM 12.86%
Sample typeSerum, Hep Plasma, Cit plasma
Assay typeSandwich (qualitative)
Assay durationMultiple steps standard assay
Species reactivityReacts with: Human
Hantavirus IgM ELISA Kit (ab247196) is designed for the qualitative determination of IgM class antibodies against Hantavirus in human serum or plasma (citrate, heparin).
The qualitative immunoenzymatic determination of specific antibodies is based on the ELISA (Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay) technique. Microplates are coated with specific antigens to bind corresponding antibodies of the sample. After washing the wells to remove all unbound sample material a horseradish peroxidase (HRP) labelled conjugate is added. This conjugate binds to the captured antibodies. In a second washing step unbound conjugate is removed. The immune complex formed by the bound conjugate is visualized by adding Tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) substrate which gives a blue reaction product. The intensity of this product is proportional to the amount of specific antibodies in the sample. Sulphuric acid is added to stop the reaction. This produces a yellow endpoint colour. Absorbance at 450/620 nm is read using an ELISA microwell plate reader.
Hantaviruses are negative sense RNA viruses in the Bunyaviridae family. Humans may be infected with Hantaviruses through urine, saliva or contact with rodent waste products. Some Hantaviruses may lead to serious diseases in humans, such as hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). Human infections of Hantaviruses have almost entirely been linked to human contact with rodent excrement, but recent human to human transmission has been reported with the Andes virus in South America. Hantavirus has an incubation time of two to four weeks in humans before symptoms of infection occur. The symptoms of HFRS can be split into five phases:
- Febrile phase: Symptoms include fever, chills, sweaty palms, diarrhea, malaise, headaches, nausea, abdominal and back pain, respiratory problems such as the ones common in influenza virus infection, as well as gastro-intestinal problems. These symptoms normally occur for three to seven days and arise about two to three weeks after exposure.
- Hypotensive phase: This occurs when the blood platelet levels drop and symptoms can lead to tachycardia and hypoxemia. This phase can last for 2 days.
- Oliguric phase: This phase lasts for three to seven days and is characterized by the onset of renal failure and proteinuria occurs.
- Diuretic phase: This is characterized by diuresis of three to six liters per day, which can last for a couple of days up to weeks.
- Convalescent phase: This is normally when recovery occurs and symptoms begin to improve.
Regions especially affected by HFRS include China, the Korean Peninsula, Russia (Hantaan, Puumala and Seoul viruses), and northern and western Europe (Puumala and Dobrava virus).
PlatformPre-coated microplate (12 x 8 well strips)
Storage instructionsStore at +4°C. Please refer to protocols.
Components Identifier 1 x 96 tests 20X Washing Solution White cap 1 x 50ml anti-human IgM HRP conjugate 1 x 20ml Cover Foil 1 unit Hantavirus Coated Microplate (IgM) 1 unit IgM Cut-off Control 1 x 3ml IgM Negative Control 1 x 2ml IgM Positive Control 1 x 2ml IgM Sample Diluent 1 x 100ml Stop Solution red cap 1 x 15ml TMB Substrate Solution Yellow cap 1 x 15ml
RelevanceHantavirus is a negative sense single stranded RNA virus of the family Bunyaviridae. Hantaviruses normally infect rodents such as mice and voles. In humans the virus causes two main patterns of disease: a bleeding disorder with low blood pressure and kidney failure (haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome); and an illness with lung involvement and breathlessness, progressing to shock with high mortality (Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome). There are a number of strains of Hantavirus which vary in their distribution throughout the world, and also vary in terms of the severity of illness that they produce.
- Hanta virus
- Hantaan virus
ab247196 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.