Key features and details
- Rabbit polyclonal to HIF-2-alpha
- Suitable for: ICC/IF, WB
- Reacts with: Mouse, Rat, Human
- Isotype: IgG
Product nameAnti-HIF-2-alpha antibody
See all HIF-2-alpha primary antibodies
DescriptionRabbit polyclonal to HIF-2-alpha
SpecificitySpecific for HIF-2-alpha / EPAS 1. Does not cross react with HIF-1-alpha.
Tested applicationsSuitable for: ICC/IF, WBmore details
Species reactivityReacts with: Mouse, Rat, Human
- CoCl2-treated Cos7 nuclear extract or hypoxic/normoxic PC12 nuclear extracts. Under normoxic conditions HIF-2 alpha has a short half-life. It is largely undetectable in cells or tissues grown under normoxic conditions. It is stabilized only at O2 concentrations below 5% and upon stabilization under hypoxic conditions HIF-2 translocate to the nucleus. Therefore we recommend western blots using nuclear extracts and running Hypoxia treated samples as positive control (ab180880).
Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
Storage bufferpH: 7.50
Preservative: 0.05% Sodium azide
Constituent: 99% PBS
Concentration information loading...
- Pathways and Processes
- Metabolic signaling pathways
- Nucleotide metabolism
- Molecular processes
- Mitochondrial transcription
ChIP Related Products
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab199 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|ICC/IF||Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml.|
|EMSA||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|WB||1/200 - 1/1000. Detects a band of approximately 118 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 100 kDa). The following should be taken into consideration: sufficient hypoxia induction is necessary; use nuclear extracts for cleaner results; use positive/negative controls to see which band is up-regulated; HIF2a degrades rapidly (fast sample preparation, protease inhibitors!).|
FunctionTranscription factor involved in the induction of oxygen regulated genes. Binds to core DNA sequence 5'-[AG]CGTG-3' within the hypoxia response element (HRE) of target gene promoters. Regulates the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and seems to be implicated in the development of blood vessels and the tubular system of lung. May also play a role in the formation of the endothelium that gives rise to the blood brain barrier. Potent activator of the Tie-2 tyrosine kinase expression. Activation seems to require recruitment of transcriptional coactivators such as CREBPB and probably EP300. Interaction with redox regulatory protein APEX seems to activate CTAD.
Tissue specificityExpressed in most tissues, with highest levels in placenta, lung and heart. Selectively expressed in endothelial cells.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in EPAS1 are the cause of erythrocytosis familial type 4 (ECYT4) [MIM:611783]. ECYT4 is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by increased serum red blood cell mass, elevated hemoglobin concentration and hematocrit, and normal platelet and leukocyte counts.
Sequence similaritiesContains 1 basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) domain.
Contains 1 PAC (PAS-associated C-terminal) domain.
Contains 2 PAS (PER-ARNT-SIM) domains.
modificationsIn normoxia, is probably hydroxylated on Pro-405 and Pro-531 by EGLN1/PHD1, EGLN2/PHD2 and/or EGLN3/PHD3. The hydroxylated prolines promote interaction with VHL, initiating rapid ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation. Under hypoxia, proline hydroxylation is impaired and ubiquitination is attenuated, resulting in stabilization.
In normoxia, is hydroxylated on Asn-847 by HIF1AN thus probably abrogating interaction with CREBBP and EP300 and preventing transcriptional activation.
Phosphorylated on multiple sites in the CTAD.
The iron and 2-oxoglutarate dependent 3-hydroxylation of asparagine is (S) stereospecific within HIF CTAD domains.
- Information by UniProt
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ICC/IF image of ab199 stained HepG2 cells. The cells were 4% PFA fixed (10 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab199, 1µg/ml) overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) used at a 1/1000 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM.
All lanes : Anti-HIF-2-alpha antibody (ab199) at 1/500 dilution
Lane 1 : 20ug of whole cell lysate from PC12 cells.
Lane 2 : 20ug of whole cell lysate from PC12 cells exposed to hypoxic conditions (12 hours at 3% oxygen).
Lane 3 : 20ug of whole cell lysate from PC12 cells exposed to hypoxic conditions (12 hours at 3% oxygen) and incubated with antisense HIF2 alpha oligonucleotides 72 hours prior to treatment.
Developed using the ECL technique.
Performed under reducing conditions.
Predicted band size: 100 kDa
Observed band size: 96 kDa why is the actual band size different from the predicted?
The blots were probed with anti-alpha tubulin as a loading control.
ab199 has been referenced in 85 publications.
- Du X et al. Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1a and 2a Have Beneficial Effects in Remote Ischemic Preconditioning Against Stroke by Modulating Inflammatory Responses in Aged Rats. Front Aging Neurosci 12:54 (2020). PubMed: 32210788
- Luo Y et al. CD146-HIF-1a hypoxic reprogramming drives vascular remodeling and pulmonary arterial hypertension. Nat Commun 10:3551 (2019). PubMed: 31391533
- Wang Y et al. Berberine improves insulin resistance in adipocyte models by regulating the methylation of hypoxia-inducible factor-3a. Biosci Rep 39:N/A (2019). PubMed: 31652442
- Kung-Chun Chiu D et al. Hypoxia regulates the mitochondrial activity of hepatocellular carcinoma cells through HIF/HEY1/PINK1 pathway. Cell Death Dis 10:934 (2019). PubMed: 31819034
- Chowdhury D et al. Metallothionein 3 Controls the Phenotype and Metabolic Programming of Alternatively Activated Macrophages. Cell Rep 27:3873-3886.e7 (2019). PubMed: 31242420