Overview

  • Product name

    Anti-Histone H2B (formyl K108) antibody
    See all Histone H2B primary antibodies
  • Description

    Rabbit polyclonal to Histone H2B (formyl K108)
  • Host species

    Rabbit
  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: ICC/IF, WBmore details
  • Species reactivity

    Reacts with: Mouse, Cow, Human
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide within Human Histone H2B aa 100 to the C-terminus (formyl K108) conjugated to keyhole limpet haemocyanin. The exact sequence is proprietary.
    Database link: Q16778

  • Positive control

    • This antibody gave a positive signal in HeLa Histone 0.5% TX as well as the following whole cell lysates: HeLa, NIH3T3, CTH. ICC/If - HeLa cells

Properties

  • Form

    Liquid
  • Storage instructions

    Shipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
  • Storage buffer

    pH: 7.40
    Preservative: 0.02% Sodium azide
    Constituent: PBS

    Batches of this product that have a concentration < 1mg/ml may have BSA added as a stabilising agent. If you would like information about the formulation of a specific lot, please contact our scientific support team who will be happy to help.
  • Concentration information loading...
  • Purity

    Affinity purified
  • Clonality

    Polyclonal
  • Isotype

    IgG
  • Research areas

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab177168 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
ICC/IF Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml.
WB Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 18 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 14 kDa).

Target

  • Relevance

    Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling. Subunit structure The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA. Post-translational modification Monoubiquitination at Lys-35 (H2BK34Ub) by the MSL1/MSL2 dimer is required for histone H3 'Lys-4' (H3K4me) and 'Lys-79' (H3K79me) methylation and transcription activation at specific gene loci, such as HOXA9 and MEIS1 loci. Similarly, monoubiquitination at Lys-121 (H2BK120Ub) by the RNF20/40 complex gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation and is also prerequisite for histone H3 'Lys-4' and 'Lys-79' methylation. It also functions cooperatively with the FACT dimer to stimulate elongation by RNA polymerase II. H2BK120Ub also acts as a regulator of mRNA splicing: deubiquitination by USP49 is required for efficient cotranscriptional splicing of a large set of exons. Phosphorylation at Ser-37 (H2BS36ph) by AMPK in response to stress promotes transcription. Phosphorylated on Ser-15 (H2BS14ph) by STK4/MST1 during apoptosis; which facilitates apoptotic chromatin condensation. Also phosphorylated on Ser-15 in response to DNA double strand breaks (DSBs), and in correlation with somatic hypermutation and immunoglobulin class-switch recombination. GlcNAcylation at Ser-113 promotes monoubiquitination of Lys-121. It fluctuates in response to extracellular glucose, and associates with transcribed genes. Crotonylation (Kcr) is specifically present in male germ cells and marks testis-specific genes in post-meiotic cells, including X-linked genes that escape sex chromosome inactivation in haploid cells. Crotonylation marks active promoters and enhancers and confers resistance to transcriptional repressors. It is also associated with post-meiotically activated genes on autosomes.
  • Cellular localization

    Nuclear
  • Database links

  • Alternative names

    • GL105 antibody
    • H2B GL105 antibody
    • H2B histone family member O antibody
    • H2B histone family member S antibody
    • H2B.1 antibody
    • H2B.1 B antibody
    • H2B.b antibody
    • H2B.c antibody
    • H2B.d antibody
    • H2B.e antibody
    • H2B.f antibody
    • H2B.j antibody
    • H2B.q antibody
    • H2B/b antibody
    • H2B/c antibody
    • H2B/d antibody
    • H2B/e antibody
    • H2B/f antibody
    • H2B/j antibody
    • H2B/o antibody
    • H2B/q antibody
    • H2BFB antibody
    • H2BFC antibody
    • H2BFD antibody
    • H2BFE antibody
    • H2BFF antibody
    • H2BFJ antibody
    • H2BFO antibody
    • H2BFQ antibody
    • H2BFS antibody
    • H2BGL105 antibody
    • H2BQ antibody
    • HIRIP2 antibody
    • HIST1H2BB antibody
    • HIST1H2BD antibody
    • HIST1H2BH antibody
    • HIST1H2BL antibody
    • HIST1H2BM antibody
    • HIST1H2BN antibody
    • HIST2H2BE antibody
    • histone cluster 2 antibody
    • Histone H2B antibody
    • histone H2B GL105 antibody
    • Histone H2B type 1 B antibody
    • Histone H2B type 1 D antibody
    • Histone H2B type 1 H antibody
    • Histone H2B type 1 L antibody
    • Histone H2B type 1 M antibody
    • Histone H2B type 1 N antibody
    • Histone H2B type 2 E antibody
    • Histone H2B.q antibody
    • histone protein antibody
    see all

Images

  • ab177168 staining Histone H2B (formyl K108) in HeLa cells. The cells were fixed with 100% methanol (5min) and then blocked in 1% BSA/10% normal goat serum/0.3M glycine in 0.1%PBS-Tween for 1h. The cells were then incubated with ab177168 at 5µg/ml and ab7291 (anti beta Tubulin) at 1µg/ml overnight at +4°C, followed by a further incubation at room temperature for 1h with an AlexaFluor®488 Goat anti-Rabbit secondary (ab150081) at 2 μg/ml (shown in green) and AlexaFluor®594 Goat anti-Mouse secondary (ab150120) at 2 μg/ml (shown in pseudo color red). Nuclear DNA was labelled in blue with DAPI.

    Negative controls: 1– Rabbit primary antibody and anti-mouse secondary antibody; 2 – Mouse primary antibody and anti-rabbit secondary antibody. Controls 1 and 2 indicate that there is no unspecific reaction between primary and secondary antibodies used.

  • All lanes : Anti-Histone H2B (formyl K108) antibody (ab177168) at 1 µg/ml

    Lane 1 : HeLa (Human epithelial carcinoma cell line) Whole Cell Lysate
    Lane 2 : HeLa Nuclear Prep (0.5% Triton X-100 insoluble fraction)
    Lane 3 : NIH 3T3 (Mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line) Whole Cell Lysate
    Lane 4 : Calf Thymus Histone Preparation Nuclear Lysate

    Lysates/proteins at 10 µg per lane.

    Secondary
    All lanes : Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (Alexa Fluor® 790) (ab175781) at 1/10000 dilution

    Predicted band size: 14 kDa
    Observed band size: 18 kDa
    why is the actual band size different from the predicted?
    Additional bands at: 37 kDa (possible non-specific binding)



    This blot was produced using a 4-12% Bis-tris gel under the MES buffer system. The gel was run at 200V for 35 minutes before being transferred onto a Nitrocellulose membrane at 30V for 70 minutes. The membrane was then blocked for an hour using Licor blocking buffer before being incubated with ab177168 overnight at 4°C. Antibody binding was detected using ab175781 at a 1:10,000 dilution for 1hr at room temperature and then imaged using the Licor Odyssey CLx.

References

ab177168 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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