Overview

  • Product name

    Anti-Histone H3 (acetyl K56) antibody
    See all Histone H3 primary antibodies
  • Description

    Rabbit polyclonal to Histone H3 (acetyl K56)
  • Host species

    Rabbit
  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: IHC-P, WB, ICC/IFmore details
  • Species reactivity

    Reacts with: Cow, Human
    Predicted to work with: Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Drosophila melanogaster
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide within Human Histone H3 aa 50 to the C-terminus (acetyl K56) conjugated to keyhole limpet haemocyanin. The exact sequence is proprietary.
    Database link: P68431
    (Peptide available as ab109134)

  • Positive control

    • This antibody gave a positive signal in Calf thymus histone and HEK293 whole cell lysate. IHC-P: Human normal colon FFPE tissue sections.

Properties

  • Form

    Liquid
  • Storage instructions

    Shipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
  • Storage buffer

    Preservative: 0.02% Sodium Azide
    Constituents: 1% BSA, PBS, pH 7.4
  • Concentration information loading...
  • Purity

    Immunogen affinity purified
  • Clonality

    Polyclonal
  • Isotype

    IgG
  • Research areas

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab71956 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
IHC-P Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
WB Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 17 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 15 kDa).
ICC/IF Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml.

Target

  • Function

    Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the histone H3 family.
  • Developmental stage

    Expressed during S phase, then expression strongly decreases as cell division slows down during the process of differentiation.
  • Post-translational
    modifications

    Acetylation is generally linked to gene activation. Acetylation on Lys-10 (H3K9ac) impairs methylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s). Acetylation on Lys-19 (H3K18ac) and Lys-24 (H3K24ac) favors methylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me).
    Citrullination at Arg-9 (H3R8ci) and/or Arg-18 (H3R17ci) by PADI4 impairs methylation and represses transcription.
    Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me2a) by CARM1 is linked to gene activation. Symmetric dimethylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s) by PRMT5 is linked to gene repression. Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-3 (H3R2me2a) by PRMT6 is linked to gene repression and is mutually exclusive with H3 Lys-5 methylation (H3K4me2 and H3K4me3). H3R2me2a is present at the 3' of genes regardless of their transcription state and is enriched on inactive promoters, while it is absent on active promoters.
    Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me), Lys-37 (H3K36me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) are linked to gene activation. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) facilitates subsequent acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-80 (H3K79me) is associated with DNA double-strand break (DSB) responses and is a specific target for TP53BP1. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are linked to gene repression. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) is a specific target for HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) and prevents subsequent phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) and acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) require preliminary monoubiquitination of H2B at 'Lys-120'. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are enriched in inactive X chromosome chromatin.
    Phosphorylated at Thr-4 (H3T3ph) by GSG2/haspin during prophase and dephosphorylated during anaphase. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB is crucial for chromosome condensation and cell-cycle progression during mitosis and meiosis. In addition phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by RPS6KA4 and RPS6KA5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or UV irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph), which is linked to gene activation, prevents methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) but facilitates acetylation of H3 and H4. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB mediates the dissociation of HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) from heterochromatin. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) is also an essential regulatory mechanism for neoplastic cell transformation. Phosphorylated at Ser-29 (H3S28ph) by MLTK isoform 1, RPS6KA5 or AURKB during mitosis or upon ultraviolet B irradiation. Phosphorylation at Thr-7 (H3T6ph) by PRKCBB is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that prevents demethylation of Lys-5 (H3K4me) by LSD1/KDM1A. At centromeres, specifically phosphorylated at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) from prophase to early anaphase, by DAPK3 and PKN1. Phosphorylation at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) by PKN1 is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that promotes demethylation of Lys-10 (H3K9me) by KDM4C/JMJD2C. Phosphorylation at Tyr-42 (H3Y41ph) by JAK2 promotes exclusion of CBX5 (HP1 alpha) from chromatin.
    Monoubiquitinated by RAG1 in lymphoid cells, monoubiquitination is required for V(D)J recombination (By similarity). Ubiquitinated by the CUL4-DDB-RBX1 complex in response to ultraviolet irradiation. This may weaken the interaction between histones and DNA and facilitate DNA accessibility to repair proteins.
  • Cellular localization

    Nucleus. Chromosome.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links

  • Alternative names

    • H3 histone family member E pseudogene antibody
    • H3 histone family, member A antibody
    • H3/A antibody
    • H31_HUMAN antibody
    • H3F3 antibody
    • H3FA antibody
    • Hist1h3a antibody
    • HIST1H3B antibody
    • HIST1H3C antibody
    • HIST1H3D antibody
    • HIST1H3E antibody
    • HIST1H3F antibody
    • HIST1H3G antibody
    • HIST1H3H antibody
    • HIST1H3I antibody
    • HIST1H3J antibody
    • HIST3H3 antibody
    • histone 1, H3a antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3a antibody
    • Histone H3 3 pseudogene antibody
    • Histone H3.1 antibody
    • Histone H3/a antibody
    • Histone H3/b antibody
    • Histone H3/c antibody
    • Histone H3/d antibody
    • Histone H3/f antibody
    • Histone H3/h antibody
    • Histone H3/i antibody
    • Histone H3/j antibody
    • Histone H3/k antibody
    • Histone H3/l antibody
    see all

Images

  • All lanes : Anti-Histone H3 (acetyl K56) antibody (ab71956) at 1 µg/ml

    Lane 1 : Calf Thymus Histone Preparation Nuclear Lysate at 0.1 µg
    Lane 2 : HEK293 (Human embryonic kidney cell line) Whole Cell Lysate at 10 µg
    Lane 3 : Calf Thymus Histone Preparation Nuclear Lysate at 0.1 µg with Immunizing peptide at 1 µg/ml
    Lane 4 : HEK293 (Human embryonic kidney cell line) Whole Cell Lysate at 10 µg with Immunizing peptide at 1 µg/ml

    Secondary
    All lanes : Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (HRP) preadsorbed (ab97080) at 1/5000 dilution

    Developed using the ECL technique.

    Performed under reducing conditions.

    Predicted band size: 15 kDa
    Observed band size: 17 kDa
    why is the actual band size different from the predicted?


    Exposure time: 4 minutes
  • IHC image of ab71956 staining Histone H3 (acetyl K56) in human colon formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue sections, performed on a Leica Bond. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab71956, 5µg/ml, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX. No primary antibody was used in the negative control (shown on the inset).

    For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.

  • ICC/IF image of ab71956 stained HeLa cells. The cells were 100% methanol fixed (5 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab71956, 1µg/ml) overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was ab96899, goat anti-rabbit DyLight® 488 (IgG; H+L) used at a 1/250 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM. This antibody also gave a positive result in 100% methanol fixed (5 min) Hek293, HepG2 and MCF7 cells at 1µg/ml, and in 4% PFA fixed (10 min) HeLa, Hek293, HepG2 and MCF7 cells at 1µg/ml.

References

This product has been referenced in:

  • Ji Q  et al. Hematopoietic PBX-interacting protein mediates cartilage degeneration during the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis. Nat Commun 10:313 (2019). Read more (PubMed: 30659184) »
  • Zhu B  et al. Downregulation of SIRT6 is associated with poor prognosis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer. J Int Med Res 46:1517-1527 (2018). Read more (PubMed: 29363378) »
See all 2 Publications for this product

Customer reviews and Q&As

1-4 of 4 Abreviews or Q&A

Application
Western blot
Sample
Candida albicans Cell lysate - nuclear (Histone preparation)
Gel Running Conditions
Reduced Denaturing (gel 15%)
Loading amount
1 µg
Specification
Histone preparation
Blocking step
Milk as blocking agent for 1 hour(s) and 0 minute(s) · Concentration: 5% · Temperature: 25°C

Abcam user community

Verified customer

Submitted Mar 01 2018

Application
Immunohistochemistry (Frozen sections)
Sample
Mouse Tissue sections (Skin)
Permeabilization
No
Specification
Skin
Blocking step
Serum as blocking agent for 30 minute(s) · Concentration: 10% · Temperature: 22°C
Fixative
Paraformaldehyde

Ahmar Aziz

Verified customer

Submitted Jul 08 2016

Application
Western blot
Loading amount
20 µg
Gel Running Conditions
Reduced Denaturing
Sample
Xenopus laevis Cell lysate - other (egg extracts and chromatin)
Specification
egg extracts and chromatin
Blocking step
Milk as blocking agent for 30 minute(s) · Concentration: 5% · Temperature: 22°C

Abcam user community

Verified customer

Submitted May 01 2014

Question
Answer

Since ab71956 has not been tested in ChIP you are eligible to test the antibody using our AbTrial program. For more details see www.abcam.com/abtrial. Please let me know if you have further questions.

Read More

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