Recombinant
RabMAb

Recombinant Anti-Histone H3 (di methyl K4) antibody [Y47] - BSA and Azide free (ab173324)

Overview

  • Product name
    Anti-Histone H3 (di methyl K4) antibody [Y47] - BSA and Azide free
    See all Histone H3 primary antibodies
  • Description
    Rabbit monoclonal [Y47] to Histone H3 (di methyl K4) - BSA and Azide free
  • Host species
    Rabbit
  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: ICC/IF, Flow Cyt, IP, ChIP, IHC-P, CHIPseq, WB, IHC-Frmore details
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Mouse, Rat, Chicken, Cow, Human, Monkey, Rice
  • General notes

    The formulation and the concentration of this product is compatible for metal-conjugation for mass cytometry (CyTOF®).

    Use our conjugation kits for antibody conjugates that are ready-to-use in as little as 20 minutes with <1 minute hands-on-time and 100% antibody recovery: available for fluorescent dyes, HRP, biotin and gold.

    Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMab® patents.

    This product is a recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibody.

Properties

  • Form
    Liquid
  • Storage instructions
    Shipped at 4°C. Store at 4°C (stable for up to 12 months). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C long term. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
  • Storage buffer
    Constituent: PBS
  • Concentration information loading...
  • Purity
    Protein A purified
  • Clonality
    Monoclonal
  • Clone number
    Y47
  • Isotype
    IgG
  • Research areas

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab173324 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
ICC/IF Use at an assay dependent concentration.
Flow Cyt Use at an assay dependent concentration.

ab199376 - Rabbit monoclonal IgG, is suitable for use as an isotype control with this antibody.

IP Use at an assay dependent concentration.
ChIP Use at an assay dependent concentration.
IHC-P Use at an assay dependent concentration.
CHIPseq Use at an assay dependent concentration. PubMed: 19581485
WB Use at an assay dependent concentration. Detects a band of approximately 17 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 15 kDa).
IHC-Fr Use at an assay dependent concentration.

Target

  • Function
    Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.
  • Sequence similarities
    Belongs to the histone H3 family.
  • Developmental stage
    Expressed during S phase, then expression strongly decreases as cell division slows down during the process of differentiation.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    Acetylation is generally linked to gene activation. Acetylation on Lys-10 (H3K9ac) impairs methylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s). Acetylation on Lys-19 (H3K18ac) and Lys-24 (H3K24ac) favors methylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me).
    Citrullination at Arg-9 (H3R8ci) and/or Arg-18 (H3R17ci) by PADI4 impairs methylation and represses transcription.
    Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me2a) by CARM1 is linked to gene activation. Symmetric dimethylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s) by PRMT5 is linked to gene repression. Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-3 (H3R2me2a) by PRMT6 is linked to gene repression and is mutually exclusive with H3 Lys-5 methylation (H3K4me2 and H3K4me3). H3R2me2a is present at the 3' of genes regardless of their transcription state and is enriched on inactive promoters, while it is absent on active promoters.
    Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me), Lys-37 (H3K36me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) are linked to gene activation. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) facilitates subsequent acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-80 (H3K79me) is associated with DNA double-strand break (DSB) responses and is a specific target for TP53BP1. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are linked to gene repression. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) is a specific target for HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) and prevents subsequent phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) and acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) require preliminary monoubiquitination of H2B at 'Lys-120'. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are enriched in inactive X chromosome chromatin.
    Phosphorylated at Thr-4 (H3T3ph) by GSG2/haspin during prophase and dephosphorylated during anaphase. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB is crucial for chromosome condensation and cell-cycle progression during mitosis and meiosis. In addition phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by RPS6KA4 and RPS6KA5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or UV irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph), which is linked to gene activation, prevents methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) but facilitates acetylation of H3 and H4. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB mediates the dissociation of HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) from heterochromatin. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) is also an essential regulatory mechanism for neoplastic cell transformation. Phosphorylated at Ser-29 (H3S28ph) by MLTK isoform 1, RPS6KA5 or AURKB during mitosis or upon ultraviolet B irradiation. Phosphorylation at Thr-7 (H3T6ph) by PRKCBB is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that prevents demethylation of Lys-5 (H3K4me) by LSD1/KDM1A. At centromeres, specifically phosphorylated at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) from prophase to early anaphase, by DAPK3 and PKN1. Phosphorylation at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) by PKN1 is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that promotes demethylation of Lys-10 (H3K9me) by KDM4C/JMJD2C. Phosphorylation at Tyr-42 (H3Y41ph) by JAK2 promotes exclusion of CBX5 (HP1 alpha) from chromatin.
    Monoubiquitinated by RAG1 in lymphoid cells, monoubiquitination is required for V(D)J recombination (By similarity). Ubiquitinated by the CUL4-DDB-RBX1 complex in response to ultraviolet irradiation. This may weaken the interaction between histones and DNA and facilitate DNA accessibility to repair proteins.
  • Cellular localization
    Nucleus. Chromosome.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links
  • Alternative names
    • H3 histone family member E pseudogene antibody
    • H3 histone family, member A antibody
    • H3/A antibody
    • H31_HUMAN antibody
    • H3F3 antibody
    • H3FA antibody
    • Hist1h3a antibody
    • HIST1H3B antibody
    • HIST1H3C antibody
    • HIST1H3D antibody
    • HIST1H3E antibody
    • HIST1H3F antibody
    • HIST1H3G antibody
    • HIST1H3H antibody
    • HIST1H3I antibody
    • HIST1H3J antibody
    • HIST3H3 antibody
    • histone 1, H3a antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3a antibody
    • Histone H3 3 pseudogene antibody
    • Histone H3.1 antibody
    • Histone H3/a antibody
    • Histone H3/b antibody
    • Histone H3/c antibody
    • Histone H3/d antibody
    • Histone H3/f antibody
    • Histone H3/h antibody
    • Histone H3/i antibody
    • Histone H3/j antibody
    • Histone H3/k antibody
    • Histone H3/l antibody
    see all

Images

  • Chromatin was prepared from HeLa cells according to the Abcam X-ChIP protocol. Cells were fixed with formaldehyde for 10 minutes. The ChIP was performed with 25µg of chromatin, 2µg of ab32356 (blue), and 20µl of Anti Rabbit IgG sepharose beads. 2μg of rabbit normal IgG was added to the beads control (yellow). The immunoprecipitated DNA was quantified by real time PCR (Sybr green approach). Primers and probes are located in the first kb of the transcribed region.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32356).

  • Flow Cytometry analysis of HeLa cells labelling Histone H3 (di methyl K4) with purified ab32356 at 1/150 (red). Cells were fixed with 80% methanol. An Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG (1/500) was used as the secondary antibody. Black - Isotype control, rabbit monoclonal IgG (ab172730). Blue - Unlabelled control, cells without incubation with primary and secondary antibodies.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32356).

  • Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence analysis of HepG2 cells labelling Histone H3 (di methyl K4) with purified ab32356 at a dilution of 1/1000. Cells were fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde and permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100. ab150077, an Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG (1/1000) was used as the secondary antibody. The cells were co-stained with ab7291, a mouse anti-tubulin (1/1000) using ab150120, an Alexa Fluor® 594-conjugated goat anti-mouse IgG (1/1000) as the secondary antibody. Nuclei counterstained with DAPI (blue). 

    Control 1: primary antibody (1/1000) and secondary antibody, ab150120, an Alexa Fluor® 594-conjugated goat anti-mouse IgG (1/1000).

    Control 2: ab7291 (1/1000) and secondary antibody, ab150077, an Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG (1/1000).

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32356).

  • Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections) analysis of rat spleen tissue labelling Histone H3 (di methyl K4) with purified ab32356 at a dilution of 1/800. Antigen retrieval was performed using Tris/EDTA buffer, pH9. ab97051, a HRP-conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG H&L was used as the secondary antibody (1/500). Counter stained with hematoxylin.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32356).

  • Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections) analysis of mouse colon tissue labelling Histone H3 (di methyl K4) with purified ab32356 at a dilution of 1/800. Antigen retrieval was performed using Tris/EDTA buffer, pH9. ab97051, a HRP-conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG H&L was used as the secondary antibody (1/500). Counter stained with hematoxylin.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32356).

  • Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections) analysis of human cervical carcinoma tissue labelling Histone H3 (di methyl K4) with purified ab32356 at a dilution of 1/800. Antigen retrieval was performed using Tris/EDTA buffer, pH9. ab97051, a HRP-conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG H&L was used as the secondary antibody (1/500). Counter stained with hematoxylin.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32356).

  •     Chromatin was prepared from Hela cells according to the Abcam X-ChIP protocol. Cells were fixed with formaldehyde for 10min. The  ChIP was performed with 25µg of chromatin, 8µl of ab32356 (blue), and 20µl of Protein A/G sepharose beads. No antibody was added to the beads control (yellow). The immunoprecipitated DNA was quantified by real time PCR (Taqman approach). Primers and probes are located in the first kb of the transcribed region. Every new batch of this antibody is tested at Abcam in ChIP.

     

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32356).

  • ICC/IF image of unpurified ab32356 stained HepG2 cells. The cells were 100% methanol fixed (5 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab32356 , 5µg/ml) overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was a goat anti-rabbit DyLight® 488 (IgG - H&L, pre-adsorbed) (ab96899) used at a 1/250 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32356).

  • Overlay histogram showing HeLa cells stained with unpurified ab32356 (red line). The cells were fixed with 80% methanol (5 min) and then permeabilized with 0.1% PBS-Tween for 20 min. The cells were then incubated in 1x PBS / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine to block non-specific protein-protein interactions followed by the antibody (ab32356, 1/100 dilution) for 30 min at 22ºC. The secondary antibody used was a goat anti-rabbit DyLight® 488 (IgG; H+L) (ab96899) at 1/500 dilution for 30 min at 22ºC. Isotype control antibody (black line) was rabbit IgG (monoclonal) (1µg/1x106 cells) used under the same conditions. Acquisition of >5,000 events was performed.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32356).

References

ab173324 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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