Product nameAnti-Histone H3 (di methyl K79) antibody - ChIP Grade
See all Histone H3 primary antibodies
DescriptionRabbit polyclonal to Histone H3 (di methyl K79) - ChIP Grade
Specificityab3594 detects a 17 kDa band in single lane Western Blot. Peptide inhibition in Western Blot hasn't been processed. Modification specificity is determined by Peptide Array. ab3594 binds strongly to the Histone H3 dii methyl K79. In Peptide Array ab3594 also partially binds to mono methyl K79 and tri methyl K79 peptides.
Tested applicationsSuitable for: ChIP, ChIP/Chip, ICC/IF, WB, CHIPseq, IHC-P, PepArrmore details
Species reactivityReacts with: Mouse, Cow, Human, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Caenorhabditis elegans, Silk worm
Predicted to work with: a wide range of other species, Mammals, Triticum aestivum
Synthetic peptide within Human Histone H3 aa 50 to the C-terminus (di methyl K79) conjugated to keyhole limpet haemocyanin. The exact sequence is proprietary.
(Peptide available as
- WB: Calf thymus histone preparation and HeLa whole cell extract. ICC/IF: blastocysts and HeLa cells ChIP: U2OS and HeLa cells. IHC-P: Human breast carcinoma tissue.
Learn about ChIP assay kits, other ChIP antibodies, protocols and more in the ChIP assay guide.
Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
Storage bufferpH: 7.40
Preservative: 0.02% Sodium azide
Batches of this product that have a concentration < 1mg/ml may have BSA added as a stabilising agent. If you would like information about the formulation of a specific lot, please contact our scientific support team who will be happy to help.
Concentration information loading...
PurityImmunogen affinity purified
ChIP Related Products
Immunizing Peptide (Blocking)
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab3594 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|ChIP||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|ChIP/Chip||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|ICC/IF||Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml.|
|WB||Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 17 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 15 kDa).Can be blocked with Human Histone H3 (di methyl K79) peptide (ab4556).|
|CHIPseq||Use at an assay dependent concentration. PubMed: 22196736|
|IHC-P||Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval before commencing with IHC staining protocol.|
|PepArr||Use a concentration of 0.2 - 0.02 µg/ml.|
FunctionCore component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the histone H3 family.
Developmental stageExpressed during S phase, then expression strongly decreases as cell division slows down during the process of differentiation.
modificationsAcetylation is generally linked to gene activation. Acetylation on Lys-10 (H3K9ac) impairs methylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s). Acetylation on Lys-19 (H3K18ac) and Lys-24 (H3K24ac) favors methylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me).
Citrullination at Arg-9 (H3R8ci) and/or Arg-18 (H3R17ci) by PADI4 impairs methylation and represses transcription.
Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me2a) by CARM1 is linked to gene activation. Symmetric dimethylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s) by PRMT5 is linked to gene repression. Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-3 (H3R2me2a) by PRMT6 is linked to gene repression and is mutually exclusive with H3 Lys-5 methylation (H3K4me2 and H3K4me3). H3R2me2a is present at the 3' of genes regardless of their transcription state and is enriched on inactive promoters, while it is absent on active promoters.
Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me), Lys-37 (H3K36me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) are linked to gene activation. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) facilitates subsequent acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-80 (H3K79me) is associated with DNA double-strand break (DSB) responses and is a specific target for TP53BP1. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are linked to gene repression. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) is a specific target for HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) and prevents subsequent phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) and acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) require preliminary monoubiquitination of H2B at 'Lys-120'. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are enriched in inactive X chromosome chromatin.
Phosphorylated at Thr-4 (H3T3ph) by GSG2/haspin during prophase and dephosphorylated during anaphase. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB is crucial for chromosome condensation and cell-cycle progression during mitosis and meiosis. In addition phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by RPS6KA4 and RPS6KA5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or UV irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph), which is linked to gene activation, prevents methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) but facilitates acetylation of H3 and H4. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB mediates the dissociation of HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) from heterochromatin. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) is also an essential regulatory mechanism for neoplastic cell transformation. Phosphorylated at Ser-29 (H3S28ph) by MLTK isoform 1, RPS6KA5 or AURKB during mitosis or upon ultraviolet B irradiation. Phosphorylation at Thr-7 (H3T6ph) by PRKCBB is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that prevents demethylation of Lys-5 (H3K4me) by LSD1/KDM1A. At centromeres, specifically phosphorylated at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) from prophase to early anaphase, by DAPK3 and PKN1. Phosphorylation at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) by PKN1 is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that promotes demethylation of Lys-10 (H3K9me) by KDM4C/JMJD2C. Phosphorylation at Tyr-42 (H3Y41ph) by JAK2 promotes exclusion of CBX5 (HP1 alpha) from chromatin.
Monoubiquitinated by RAG1 in lymphoid cells, monoubiquitination is required for V(D)J recombination (By similarity). Ubiquitinated by the CUL4-DDB-RBX1 complex in response to ultraviolet irradiation. This may weaken the interaction between histones and DNA and facilitate DNA accessibility to repair proteins.
Cellular localizationNucleus. Chromosome.
- Information by UniProt
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Verification of H3K79me2 antibody specificity.
The commercial H3K79me2 primary antibody was preincubated with (+) or without (−) antigen peptide (Abcam, catalog no. ab4556, v/v = 5:1) at room temperature for 1.5 h before the incubation with IVF blastocysts. H3K79me2 signals were observed in blastocysts using unabsorbed primary antibody. By contrast, H3K79me2 signals were absent in blastocysts using pre-absorbed primary antibody. H3K79me2 antibody was localized with Alexa Flour 488-conjugated secondary antibody (green). DNA was stained with propidium iodide (red). Bottom panels showed the merged images (yellow) between H3K79me2 signals (green) and DNA staining (red). Scale bars = 50μm.
Chromatin was prepared from U2OS cells according to the Abcam X-ChIP protocol. Cells were fixed with formaldehyde for 10 min. The ChIP was performed with 25 µg of chromatin, 2 µg of ab3594 (blue), and 20 µl of protein A/G sepharose beads. No antibody was added to the beads control (yellow). The immunoprecipitated DNA was quantified by real time PCR (Taqman approach). Primers and probes are located in the first kb of the transcribed region.
Anti-Histone H3 (di methyl K79) antibody - ChIP Grade (ab3594) at 20 µg + HeLa cell lysate at 20 µg
HRP-conjugated Goat anti-rabbit IgG polyclonal at 1/2000 dilution
Developed using the ECL technique.
Performed under reducing conditions.
Predicted band size: 15 kDa
Observed band size: 15 kDa
Exposure time: 1 minute
ICC/IF image of ab3594 stained HeLa cells. The cells were 100% methanol fixed (5 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab3594, 1µg/ml) overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) used at a 1/1000 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM. This antibody also gave a positive result in 100% methanol fixed (5 min) Hek293, HepG2 and MCF7 cells at 1µg/ml, and in 4% PFA fixed (10 min) HeLa, Hek293, HepG2 and MCF7 cells at 1µg/ml.
IHC image of Histone H3 (di methyl K79) staining in human breast carcinoma FFPE section, performed on a BondTM system using the standard protocol F. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab3594, 1µg/ml, for 8 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
All batches of ab3594 are tested in Peptide Array against peptides to different Histone H3 modifications. Six dilutions of each peptide are printed on to the Peptide Array in triplicate and results are averaged before being plotted on to a graph. Results show strong binding to Histone H3 - di methyl K79 peptide (ab4556), indicating that this antibody specifically recognises the Histone H3 - di methyl K79 modification.
ab4556 - Histone H3 - di methyl K79
ab4555 - Histone H3 - mono methyl K79
ab4557 - Histone H3 - tri methyl K79
ab4560 - Histone H4 - di methyl K79
ab1772 - Histone H3 - di methyl K9
ab4558 - Histone H3 - unmodified
Anti-Histone H3 (di methyl K79) antibody - ChIP Grade (ab3594) at 1 µg/ml + Calf Thymus Histone Preparation Nuclear Lysate (ab121) at 0.5 µg
Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (HRP) (ab97051) at 1/10000 dilution
Developed using the ECL technique.
Performed under reducing conditions.
Predicted band size: 15 kDa
Observed band size: 17 kDa why is the actual band size different from the predicted?
Exposure time: 30 seconds
ChIP analysis using ab3594 binding Histone H3 in HeLa cell nuclear lysate. Cells were cross-linked for 10 minutes with formaldehyde. Samples were incubated with primary antibody (5µg/µg chromatin) for 12 hours at 4°C. Protein binding was detected using real-time PCR.
Positive control: 5'UTR of transcribed gene.
Negative Control: Intergenic region.
This product has been referenced in:
- Scheer S et al. A chemical biology toolbox to study protein methyltransferases and epigenetic signaling. Nat Commun 10:19 (2019). Read more (PubMed: 30604761) »
- Hadzhiev Y et al. A cell cycle-coordinated Polymerase II transcription compartment encompasses gene expression before global genome activation. Nat Commun 10:691 (2019). Read more (PubMed: 30741925) »