Recombinant
RabMAb

Anti-Histone H3 (formyl K122) antibody [EPR17896] (ab177306)

Overview

  • Product name
    Anti-Histone H3 (formyl K122) antibody [EPR17896]
    See all Histone H3 primary antibodies
  • Description
    Rabbit monoclonal [EPR17896] to Histone H3 (formyl K122)
  • Host species
    Rabbit
  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: PepArr, WB, IHC-Pmore details
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Mouse, Rat, Human
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide (the amino acid sequence is considered to be commercially sensitive) within Human Histone H3 aa 100 to the C-terminus (formyl K122). The exact sequence is proprietary.
    Database link: P68431

  • Positive control
    • WB: NIH/3T3 and HeLa cell lysates. IHC-P: Human colon, mouse kidney and rat kidney tissues.
  • General notes

     

     

    Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMab® patents

    This product is a recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibody.

Properties

  • Form
    Liquid
  • Storage instructions
    Shipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C long term. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
  • Storage buffer
    Preservative: 0.01% Sodium azide
    Constituents: 59% PBS, 40% Glycerol, 0.05% BSA
  • Concentration information loading...
  • Purity
    Protein A purified
  • Clonality
    Monoclonal
  • Clone number
    EPR17896
  • Isotype
    IgG
  • Research areas

Associated products

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab177306 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
PepArr Use at an assay dependent concentration.
WB 1/2000. Detects a band of approximately 15 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 15 kDa).
IHC-P 1/1000. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with Tris/EDTA buffer pH 9.0 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.

Target

  • Function
    Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.
  • Sequence similarities
    Belongs to the histone H3 family.
  • Developmental stage
    Expressed during S phase, then expression strongly decreases as cell division slows down during the process of differentiation.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    Acetylation is generally linked to gene activation. Acetylation on Lys-10 (H3K9ac) impairs methylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s). Acetylation on Lys-19 (H3K18ac) and Lys-24 (H3K24ac) favors methylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me). Acetylation at Lys-123 (H3K122ac) by EP300/p300 plays a central role in chromatin structure: localizes at the surface of the histone octamer and stimulates transcription, possibly by promoting nucleosome instability.
    Citrullination at Arg-9 (H3R8ci) and/or Arg-18 (H3R17ci) by PADI4 impairs methylation and represses transcription.
    Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me2a) by CARM1 is linked to gene activation. Symmetric dimethylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s) by PRMT5 is linked to gene repression. Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-3 (H3R2me2a) by PRMT6 is linked to gene repression and is mutually exclusive with H3 Lys-5 methylation (H3K4me2 and H3K4me3). H3R2me2a is present at the 3' of genes regardless of their transcription state and is enriched on inactive promoters, while it is absent on active promoters.
    Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me), Lys-37 (H3K36me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) are linked to gene activation. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) facilitates subsequent acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-80 (H3K79me) is associated with DNA double-strand break (DSB) responses and is a specific target for TP53BP1. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are linked to gene repression. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) is a specific target for HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) and prevents subsequent phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) and acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) require preliminary monoubiquitination of H2B at 'Lys-120'. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are enriched in inactive X chromosome chromatin. Monomethylation at Lys-57 (H3K56me1) by EHMT2/G9A in G1 phase promotes interaction with PCNA and is required for DNA replication.
    Phosphorylated at Thr-4 (H3T3ph) by GSG2/haspin during prophase and dephosphorylated during anaphase. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB is crucial for chromosome condensation and cell-cycle progression during mitosis and meiosis. In addition phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by RPS6KA4 and RPS6KA5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or UV irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph), which is linked to gene activation, prevents methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) but facilitates acetylation of H3 and H4. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB mediates the dissociation of HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) from heterochromatin. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) is also an essential regulatory mechanism for neoplastic cell transformation. Phosphorylated at Ser-29 (H3S28ph) by MLTK isoform 1, RPS6KA5 or AURKB during mitosis or upon ultraviolet B irradiation. Phosphorylation at Thr-7 (H3T6ph) by PRKCB is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that prevents demethylation of Lys-5 (H3K4me) by LSD1/KDM1A. At centromeres, specifically phosphorylated at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) from prophase to early anaphase, by DAPK3 and PKN1. Phosphorylation at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) by PKN1 is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that promotes demethylation of Lys-10 (H3K9me) by KDM4C/JMJD2C. Phosphorylation at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) by chromatin-associated CHEK1 regulates the transcription of cell cycle regulatory genes by modulating acetylation of Lys-10 (H3K9ac). Phosphorylation at Tyr-42 (H3Y41ph) by JAK2 promotes exclusion of CBX5 (HP1 alpha) from chromatin.
    Monoubiquitinated by RAG1 in lymphoid cells, monoubiquitination is required for V(D)J recombination (By similarity). Ubiquitinated by the CUL4-DDB-RBX1 complex in response to ultraviolet irradiation. This may weaken the interaction between histones and DNA and facilitate DNA accessibility to repair proteins.
    Lysine deamination at Lys-5 (H3K4all) to form allysine is mediated by LOXL2. Allysine formation by LOXL2 only takes place on H3K4me3 and results in gene repression (PubMed:22483618).
    Crotonylation (Kcr) is specifically present in male germ cells and marks testis-specific genes in post-meiotic cells, including X-linked genes that escape sex chromosome inactivation in haploid cells. Crotonylation marks active promoters and enhancers and confers resistance to transcriptional repressors. It is also associated with post-meiotically activated genes on autosomes.
  • Cellular localization
    Nucleus. Chromosome.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links
  • Alternative names
    • H31_HUMAN antibody
    • HIST1H3A antibody
    • HIST1H3J antibody
    • Histone H3.1 antibody
    • Histone H3/a antibody
    • Histone H3/b antibody
    • Histone H3/c antibody
    • Histone H3/d antibody
    • Histone H3/f antibody
    • Histone H3/h antibody
    • Histone H3/i antibody
    • Histone H3/j antibody
    • Histone H3/k antibody
    • Histone H3/l antibody
    see all

Images

  • All lanes : Anti-Histone H3 (formyl K122) antibody [EPR17896] (ab177306) at 1/2000 dilution

    Lane 1 : NIH/3T3 (Mouse embyro fibroblast cells) cell lysate
    Lane 2 : HeLa (Human epithelial cells from cervix adenocarcinoma) cell lysate

    Lysates/proteins at 10 µg per lane.

    Secondary
    All lanes : Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG, (H+L), Peroxidase conjugated at 1/1000 dilution

    Predicted band size: 15 kDa
    Observed band size: 15 kDa


    Exposure time: 3 minutes


    Blocking/Dilution buffer: 5% NFDM/TBST.

  • Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded Human colon tissue labeling Histone H3 (formyl K122) with ab177306 at 1/1000 dilution, followed by Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (HRP) (ab97051) secondary antibody at 1/500 dilution. Nucleus staining on Human colon is observed. Counter stained with Hematoxylin.

    Secondary antibody only control: Used PBS instead of primary antibody, secondary antibody is Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (HRP) (ab97051) at 1/500 dilution.

  • All batches of ab177306 are tested in Peptide Array against 501 different modified and unmodified histone peptides; each peptide is printed on the array at six concentrations (each in triplicate).
     
    Circle area represents affinity between the antibody and a peptide: all antigen-containing peptides are displayed as red circles, all other peptides as blue circles. The affinity is calculated as area under curve when antibody binding values are plotted against the corresponding peptide concentration. Each circle area is normalized to the peptide with the strongest affinity.
     
    The complete dataset, including full list of all peptides and information on the position of each peptide in the diagram, can be downloaded here.

  • Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded mouse kidney tissue labeling Histone H3 (formyl K122) with ab177306 at 1/1000 dilution, followed by Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (HRP) (ab97051) secondary antibody at 1/500 dilution. Nucleus staining on mouse kidney is observed. Counter stained with Hematoxylin.

    Secondary antibody only control: Used PBS instead of primary antibody, secondary antibody is Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (HRP) (ab97051) at 1/500 dilution.

  • Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded rat kidney tissue labeling Histone H3 (formyl K122) with ab177306 at 1/1000 dilution, followed by Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (HRP) (ab97051) secondary antibody at 1/500 dilution. Nucleus staining on rat kidney is observed. Counter stained with Hematoxylin.

    Secondary antibody only control: Used PBS instead of primary antibody, secondary antibody is Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (HRP) (ab97051) at 1/500 dilution.

References

ab177306 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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