Recombinant
RabMAb

Anti-Histone H3 (mono methyl R2) antibody [EPR17704] - ChIP Grade (ab176844)

Overview

  • Product name
    Anti-Histone H3 (mono methyl R2) antibody [EPR17704] - ChIP Grade
    See all Histone H3 primary antibodies
  • Description
    Rabbit monoclonal [EPR17704] to Histone H3 (mono methyl R2) - ChIP Grade
  • Host species
    Rabbit
  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: ChIP, PepArr, WB, ICC/IFmore details
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Mouse, Human
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide within Human Histone H3 aa 1-100 (mono methyl R2). The exact sequence is proprietary.
    Database link: P68431

  • Positive control
    • WB: NIH/3T3 and HeLa whole cell lysates. ICC/IF: HeLa cells. ChIP: Chromatin from HeLa cells.
  • General notes

     

     

    Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMab® patents

    This product is a recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibody.

Properties

Associated products

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab176844 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
ChIP Use 2 µg for 25 µg of chromatin.
PepArr Use at an assay dependent concentration.
WB 1/5000. Detects a band of approximately 15 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 15 kDa).
ICC/IF 1/1000.

Target

  • Function
    Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.
  • Sequence similarities
    Belongs to the histone H3 family.
  • Developmental stage
    Expressed during S phase, then expression strongly decreases as cell division slows down during the process of differentiation.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    Acetylation is generally linked to gene activation. Acetylation on Lys-10 (H3K9ac) impairs methylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s). Acetylation on Lys-19 (H3K18ac) and Lys-24 (H3K24ac) favors methylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me).
    Citrullination at Arg-9 (H3R8ci) and/or Arg-18 (H3R17ci) by PADI4 impairs methylation and represses transcription.
    Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me2a) by CARM1 is linked to gene activation. Symmetric dimethylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s) by PRMT5 is linked to gene repression. Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-3 (H3R2me2a) by PRMT6 is linked to gene repression and is mutually exclusive with H3 Lys-5 methylation (H3K4me2 and H3K4me3). H3R2me2a is present at the 3' of genes regardless of their transcription state and is enriched on inactive promoters, while it is absent on active promoters.
    Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me), Lys-37 (H3K36me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) are linked to gene activation. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) facilitates subsequent acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-80 (H3K79me) is associated with DNA double-strand break (DSB) responses and is a specific target for TP53BP1. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are linked to gene repression. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) is a specific target for HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) and prevents subsequent phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) and acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) require preliminary monoubiquitination of H2B at 'Lys-120'. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are enriched in inactive X chromosome chromatin.
    Phosphorylated at Thr-4 (H3T3ph) by GSG2/haspin during prophase and dephosphorylated during anaphase. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB is crucial for chromosome condensation and cell-cycle progression during mitosis and meiosis. In addition phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by RPS6KA4 and RPS6KA5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or UV irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph), which is linked to gene activation, prevents methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) but facilitates acetylation of H3 and H4. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB mediates the dissociation of HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) from heterochromatin. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) is also an essential regulatory mechanism for neoplastic cell transformation. Phosphorylated at Ser-29 (H3S28ph) by MLTK isoform 1, RPS6KA5 or AURKB during mitosis or upon ultraviolet B irradiation. Phosphorylation at Thr-7 (H3T6ph) by PRKCBB is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that prevents demethylation of Lys-5 (H3K4me) by LSD1/KDM1A. At centromeres, specifically phosphorylated at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) from prophase to early anaphase, by DAPK3 and PKN1. Phosphorylation at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) by PKN1 is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that promotes demethylation of Lys-10 (H3K9me) by KDM4C/JMJD2C. Phosphorylation at Tyr-42 (H3Y41ph) by JAK2 promotes exclusion of CBX5 (HP1 alpha) from chromatin.
    Monoubiquitinated by RAG1 in lymphoid cells, monoubiquitination is required for V(D)J recombination (By similarity). Ubiquitinated by the CUL4-DDB-RBX1 complex in response to ultraviolet irradiation. This may weaken the interaction between histones and DNA and facilitate DNA accessibility to repair proteins.
  • Cellular localization
    Nucleus. Chromosome.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links
  • Alternative names
    • HIST1 cluster, H3J antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member E antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3G antibody
    • H3 histone family, member J antibody
    • HIST1 cluster, H3E antibody
    • HIST1 cluster, H3I antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3C antibody
    • FLJ92264 antibody
    • H3 histone family, member A antibody
    • H3 histone family, member B antibody
    • H3 histone family, member C antibody
    • H3 histone family, member D antibody
    • H3 histone family, member F antibody
    • H3 histone family, member H antibody
    • H3 histone family, member I antibody
    • H3 histone family, member K antibody
    • H3 histone family, member L antibody
    • H3 histone family, member T antibody
    • H3 histone, family 3A antibody
    • H3.1 antibody
    • H3.3A antibody
    • H3/a antibody
    • H3/b antibody
    • H3/c antibody
    • H3/d antibody
    • h3/f antibody
    • H3/h antibody
    • H3/i antibody
    • H3/j antibody
    • H3/k antibody
    • H3/l antibody
    • H3/t antibody
    • H31_HUMAN antibody
    • H3F1K antibody
    • H3F3 antibody
    • H3F3A antibody
    • H3FA antibody
    • H3FB antibody
    • H3FC antibody
    • H3FD antibody
    • H3FF antibody
    • H3FH antibody
    • H3FI antibody
    • H3FJ antibody
    • H3FK antibody
    • H3FL antibody
    • HIST1 cluster, H3A antibody
    • HIST1 cluster, H3B antibody
    • HIST1 cluster, H3C antibody
    • HIST1 cluster, H3D antibody
    • HIST1 cluster, H3F antibody
    • HIST1 cluster, H3G antibody
    • HIST1 cluster, H3H antibody
    • HIST1H3A antibody
    • HIST1H3B antibody
    • HIST1H3C antibody
    • HIST1H3D antibody
    • HIST1H3E antibody
    • HIST1H3F antibody
    • HIST1H3G antibody
    • HIST1H3H antibody
    • HIST1H3I antibody
    • HIST1H3J antibody
    • HIST3H3 antibody
    • Histone 1, H3a antibody
    • Histone 1, H3b antibody
    • Histone 1, H3c antibody
    • Histone 1, H3d antibody
    • Histone 1, H3e antibody
    • Histone 1, H3f antibody
    • Histone 1, H3g antibody
    • Histone 1, H3h antibody
    • Histone 1, H3i antibody
    • Histone 1, H3j antibody
    • histone 3, H3 antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member a antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member b antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member c antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member d antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member e antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member f antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member g antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member h antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member i antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member j antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3a antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3b antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3c antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3d antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3e antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3f antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3g antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3i antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3j antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member A antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member B antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member C antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member D antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member F antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member G antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member H antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member I antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member J antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3A antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3B antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3D antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3E antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3F antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3H antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3I antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3J antibody
    • Histone H 3 antibody
    • Histone H3.1 antibody
    • histone H3.1t antibody
    • Histone H3.2 antibody
    • Histone H3/a antibody
    • Histone H3/b antibody
    • Histone H3/c antibody
    • Histone H3/d antibody
    • Histone H3/f antibody
    • Histone H3/h antibody
    • Histone H3/i antibody
    • Histone H3/j antibody
    • Histone H3/k antibody
    • Histone H3/l antibody
    • Histone H3/m antibody
    • Histone H3/o antibody
    see all

Images

  • Anti-Histone H3 (mono methyl R2) antibody [EPR17704] - ChIP Grade (ab176844) at 1/5000 dilution + NIH/3T3 (mouse embryo) whole cell lysate at 10 µg

    Secondary
    Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG, (H+L), Peroxidase conjugated at 1/1000 dilution

    Predicted band size: 15 kDa
    Observed band size: 15 kDa


    Exposure time: 30 seconds


    Blocking/Dilution buffer: 5%BSA /TBST.

  • Anti-Histone H3 (mono methyl R2) antibody [EPR17704] - ChIP Grade (ab176844) at 1/5000 dilution + HeLa (Human epithelial cells from cervix adenocarcinoma) whole cell lysate at 10 µg

    Secondary
    Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG, (H+L), Peroxidase conjugated at 1/1000 dilution

    Predicted band size: 15 kDa
    Observed band size: 15 kDa


    Exposure time: 15 seconds


    Blocking/Dilution buffer: 5%BSA /TBST.

  • All batches of ab176884 are tested in Peptide Array against 501 different modified and unmodified histone peptides; each peptide is printed on the array at six concentrations (each in triplicate).
    Circle area represents affinity between the antibody and a peptide: all antigen-containing peptides are displayed as red circles, all other peptides as blue circles. The affinity is calculated as area under curve when antibody binding values are plotted against the corresponding peptide concentration. Each circle area is normalized to the peptide with the strongest affinity.
    The complete dataset, including full list of all peptides and information on the position of each peptide in the diagram, can be downloaded here.

  • Immunofluorescent analysis of 4% paraformaldehyde-fixed, 0.1% Triton X-100 permeabilized HeLa (Human epithelial cells from cervix adenocarcinoma) cells labeling Histone H3 (mono methyl R2) with ab176844 at 1/1000 dilution, followed by Goat anti-rabbit IgG (Alexa Fluor® 488) (ab150077) secondary antibody at 1/500 dilution (green). Confocal image showing nuclear staining on HeLa cell line. The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue). Tubulin is detected with ab7291 (anti-Tubulin mouse mAb) at 1/1000 dilution and ab150120 (Alexa Fluor® 594 Goat anti-Mouse secondary) at 1/500 dilution (red).
    The negative controls are as follows:
    -ve control 1: ab176844 at 1/1000 dilution followed by ab150120 (AlexaFluor®594 Goat anti-Mouse secondary) at 1/500 dilution.
    -ve control 2: ab7291 (anti-Tubulin mouse mAb) at 1/1000 dilution followed by ab150077 (Alexa Fluor®488 Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L) at 1/500 dilution.

  • Chromatin was prepared from HeLa (Human epithelial cells from cervix adenocarcinoma) cells according to the Abcam X-ChIP protocol. Cells were fixed with formaldehyde for 10 minutes. The ChIP was performed with 25µg of chromatin, 2µg of ab176844 (blue), and 20µl of Anti rabbit IgG sepharose beads. 2μg of rabbit normal IgG was added to the beads control (yellow). The immunoprecipitated DNA was quantified by real time PCR (Sybr green approach). Primers and probes are located in the first kb of the transcribed region.

References

ab176844 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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