Anti-Histone H3 (tri methyl K9) antibody - ChIP Grade (ab195412)

Overview

  • Product name
    Anti-Histone H3 (tri methyl K9) antibody - ChIP Grade
    See all Histone H3 primary antibodies
  • Description
    Rabbit polyclonal to Histone H3 (tri methyl K9) - ChIP Grade
  • Host species
    Rabbit
  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: PepArr, Dot blot, ChIP, CHIPseq, WB, ICC/IFmore details
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Human
    Predicted to work with: Mouse, a wide range of other species
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide corresponding to Human Histone H3 (tri methyl K9) conjugated to keyhole limpet haemocyanin.

  • Positive control
    • HeLa whole cell lysate; HeLa histone extract; HeLa cells; Chromatin prepared from HeLa and K562 cells.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab195412 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
PepArr 1/2000.
Dot blot 1/20000.
ChIP Use at an assay dependent concentration.

Use 1 µg per IP

CHIPseq Use at an assay dependent concentration.

Use 1 µg per IP.

WB 1/1000. Predicted molecular weight: 15 kDa.
ICC/IF 1/500.

Target

  • Function
    Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.
  • Sequence similarities
    Belongs to the histone H3 family.
  • Developmental stage
    Expressed during S phase, then expression strongly decreases as cell division slows down during the process of differentiation.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    Acetylation is generally linked to gene activation. Acetylation on Lys-10 (H3K9ac) impairs methylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s). Acetylation on Lys-19 (H3K18ac) and Lys-24 (H3K24ac) favors methylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me).
    Citrullination at Arg-9 (H3R8ci) and/or Arg-18 (H3R17ci) by PADI4 impairs methylation and represses transcription.
    Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me2a) by CARM1 is linked to gene activation. Symmetric dimethylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s) by PRMT5 is linked to gene repression. Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-3 (H3R2me2a) by PRMT6 is linked to gene repression and is mutually exclusive with H3 Lys-5 methylation (H3K4me2 and H3K4me3). H3R2me2a is present at the 3' of genes regardless of their transcription state and is enriched on inactive promoters, while it is absent on active promoters.
    Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me), Lys-37 (H3K36me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) are linked to gene activation. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) facilitates subsequent acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-80 (H3K79me) is associated with DNA double-strand break (DSB) responses and is a specific target for TP53BP1. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are linked to gene repression. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) is a specific target for HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) and prevents subsequent phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) and acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) require preliminary monoubiquitination of H2B at 'Lys-120'. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are enriched in inactive X chromosome chromatin.
    Phosphorylated at Thr-4 (H3T3ph) by GSG2/haspin during prophase and dephosphorylated during anaphase. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB is crucial for chromosome condensation and cell-cycle progression during mitosis and meiosis. In addition phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by RPS6KA4 and RPS6KA5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or UV irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph), which is linked to gene activation, prevents methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) but facilitates acetylation of H3 and H4. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB mediates the dissociation of HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) from heterochromatin. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) is also an essential regulatory mechanism for neoplastic cell transformation. Phosphorylated at Ser-29 (H3S28ph) by MLTK isoform 1, RPS6KA5 or AURKB during mitosis or upon ultraviolet B irradiation. Phosphorylation at Thr-7 (H3T6ph) by PRKCBB is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that prevents demethylation of Lys-5 (H3K4me) by LSD1/KDM1A. At centromeres, specifically phosphorylated at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) from prophase to early anaphase, by DAPK3 and PKN1. Phosphorylation at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) by PKN1 is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that promotes demethylation of Lys-10 (H3K9me) by KDM4C/JMJD2C. Phosphorylation at Tyr-42 (H3Y41ph) by JAK2 promotes exclusion of CBX5 (HP1 alpha) from chromatin.
    Monoubiquitinated by RAG1 in lymphoid cells, monoubiquitination is required for V(D)J recombination (By similarity). Ubiquitinated by the CUL4-DDB-RBX1 complex in response to ultraviolet irradiation. This may weaken the interaction between histones and DNA and facilitate DNA accessibility to repair proteins.
  • Cellular localization
    Nucleus. Chromosome.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links
  • Alternative names
    • HIST1 cluster, H3J antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member E antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3G antibody
    • H3 histone family, member J antibody
    • HIST1 cluster, H3E antibody
    • HIST1 cluster, H3I antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3C antibody
    • FLJ92264 antibody
    • H3 histone family, member A antibody
    • H3 histone family, member B antibody
    • H3 histone family, member C antibody
    • H3 histone family, member D antibody
    • H3 histone family, member F antibody
    • H3 histone family, member H antibody
    • H3 histone family, member I antibody
    • H3 histone family, member K antibody
    • H3 histone family, member L antibody
    • H3 histone family, member T antibody
    • H3 histone, family 3A antibody
    • H3.1 antibody
    • H3.3A antibody
    • H3/a antibody
    • H3/b antibody
    • H3/c antibody
    • H3/d antibody
    • h3/f antibody
    • H3/h antibody
    • H3/i antibody
    • H3/j antibody
    • H3/k antibody
    • H3/l antibody
    • H3/t antibody
    • H31_HUMAN antibody
    • H3F1K antibody
    • H3F3 antibody
    • H3F3A antibody
    • H3FA antibody
    • H3FB antibody
    • H3FC antibody
    • H3FD antibody
    • H3FF antibody
    • H3FH antibody
    • H3FI antibody
    • H3FJ antibody
    • H3FK antibody
    • H3FL antibody
    • HIST1 cluster, H3A antibody
    • HIST1 cluster, H3B antibody
    • HIST1 cluster, H3C antibody
    • HIST1 cluster, H3D antibody
    • HIST1 cluster, H3F antibody
    • HIST1 cluster, H3G antibody
    • HIST1 cluster, H3H antibody
    • HIST1H3A antibody
    • HIST1H3B antibody
    • HIST1H3C antibody
    • HIST1H3D antibody
    • HIST1H3E antibody
    • HIST1H3F antibody
    • HIST1H3G antibody
    • HIST1H3H antibody
    • HIST1H3I antibody
    • HIST1H3J antibody
    • HIST3H3 antibody
    • Histone 1, H3a antibody
    • Histone 1, H3b antibody
    • Histone 1, H3c antibody
    • Histone 1, H3d antibody
    • Histone 1, H3e antibody
    • Histone 1, H3f antibody
    • Histone 1, H3g antibody
    • Histone 1, H3h antibody
    • Histone 1, H3i antibody
    • Histone 1, H3j antibody
    • histone 3, H3 antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member a antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member b antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member c antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member d antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member e antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member f antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member g antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member h antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member i antibody
    • histone cluster 1 H3 family member j antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3a antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3b antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3c antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3d antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3e antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3f antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3g antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3i antibody
    • Histone cluster 1, H3j antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member A antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member B antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member C antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member D antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member F antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member G antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member H antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member I antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3 histone family, member J antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3A antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3B antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3D antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3E antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3F antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3H antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3I antibody
    • Histone gene cluster 1, H3J antibody
    • Histone H 3 antibody
    • Histone H3.1 antibody
    • histone H3.1t antibody
    • Histone H3.2 antibody
    • Histone H3/a antibody
    • Histone H3/b antibody
    • Histone H3/c antibody
    • Histone H3/d antibody
    • Histone H3/f antibody
    • Histone H3/h antibody
    • Histone H3/i antibody
    • Histone H3/j antibody
    • Histone H3/k antibody
    • Histone H3/l antibody
    • Histone H3/m antibody
    • Histone H3/o antibody
    see all

Images

  • Immunofluorescent analysis of HeLa cells labeling Histone H3 (tri methyl K9) using ab195412 at 1/500 dilution. Cells were fixed with 4% formaldehyde for 10’ and blocked with PBS/TX-100 containing 5% normal goat serum and 1% BSA. The cells were immunofluorescently labeled with the ab19541 (top) diluted 1/500 in blocking solution followed by an anti-rabbit antibody conjugated to Alexa488. The middle panel shows staining of the nuclei with DAPI. A merge of the two stainings is shown at the bottom.

  • The specificity of ab195412 was demonstrated by peptide array analyses on an array containing 384 peptides with different combinations of modifications from histone H3, H4, H2A and H2B. ab195412 was used at a dilution of 1/2,000. Figure shows the specificity factor, calculated as the ratio of the average intensity of all spots containing the mark, divided by the average intensity of all spots not containing the mark.

  • Dot Blot analysis was performed to test the cross reactivity of ab195412 against Histone H3 (tri methyl K9) with peptides containing other histone modifications and the unmodified H3K9. One hundred to 0.2 pmol of the respective peptides were spotted on a membrane. The antibody was used at a dilution of 1/20,000. Figure shows a high specificity of the antibody for the modification of interest.

  • ChIP results obtained with ab195412 directed against Histone H3 (tri methyl K9).

    ChIP assays were performed using human K562 cells, ab195412 and optimized PCR primer pairs for qPCR. ChIP was performed using sheared chromatin from 100,000 cells. A titration consisting of 0.2, 0.5, 1 and 2 µg of antibody per ChIP experiment was analyzed. IgG (1 µg/IP) was used as a negative IP control. Quantitative PCR was performed with primers specific for the promoter of the active genes GAPDH, c-fos and EIF4A2, used as negative controls, and for ZNF510 and the Sat2 satellite repeat, used as positive controls. The figure shows the recovery, expressed as a % of input (the relative amount of immunoprecipitated DNA compared to input DNA after qPCR analysis).

  • All lanes : Anti-Histone H3 (tri methyl K9) antibody - ChIP Grade (ab195412) at 1/1000 dilution

    Lane 1 : HeLa whole cell extract at 25 µg
    Lane 2 : HeLa histone extract at 15 µg
    Lane 3 : recombinant histone H2A at 1 µg
    Lane 4 : recombinant histone H2B at 1 µg
    Lane 5 : recombinant histone H3 at 1 µg
    Lane 6 : recombinant histone H4 at 1 µg

    Predicted band size: 15 kDa



    antibody diluted in TBS-Tween containing 5% skimmed milk

  • ChIP-seq results obtained with ab195412 directed against Histone H3 (tri methyl K9).

    ChIP was performed on sheared chromatin from 100,000 K562 cells using 1 μg of ab195412. The IP’d DNA was subsequently analysed on an Illumina Genome Analyzer. Library preparation, cluster generation and sequencing were performed according to the manufacturer’s instructions. The 36 bp tags were aligned to the human genome using the BWA algorithm. The top panel shows the Histone H3 (tri methyl K9) signal distribution along the long arm of human chromosome 19 and a zoomin to an enriched region containing several ZNF repeat genes. The bottom panel shows the signal distribution in a 200 kb region from chromosome 12 surrounding the ZNF12 gene.

References

ab195412 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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