Product nameAnti-HLA-DR antibody [L243]
See all HLA-DR primary antibodies
DescriptionMouse monoclonal [L243] to HLA-DR
Specificityab136320 recognizes specifically HLA-DR molecules both peptide-loaded and empty.
Tested applicationsSuitable for: WB, IP, IHC-P, IHC-Fr, Functional Studies, ICC, Flow Cyt, Blockingmore details
Species reactivityReacts with: Dog, Human, Non human primates
Tissue, cells or virus corresponding to HLA-DR. Human B lymphocytes.
- Flow Cytometry: Human peripheral blood cells.
Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C long term. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
Storage bufferpH: 7.40
Preservative: 0.1% Sodium azide
Concentration information loading...
PurityProtein A purified
Purification notesPurified from cell culture supernatant by protein A affinity chromatography. Purity: > 95% (by SDS-PAGE).
- Anti-HLA-DR antibody [L243] (PerCP/Cy5.5®) (ab157330)
- Anti-HLA-DR antibody [L243], prediluted (FITC) (ab176501)
- Anti-HLA-DR antibody [L243] - Low endotoxin, Azide free (ab176504)
- Anti-HLA-DR antibody [L243] (FITC) (ab210298)
- Anti-HLA-DR antibody [L243] (Alexa Fluor® 647) (ab239277)
- Anti-HLA-DR antibody [L243] (PE/Cy5®) (ab239296)
- Anti-HLA-DR antibody [L243] (Allophycocyanin/Cy7 ®) (ab239308)
- Anti-HLA-DR antibody [L243] (PE/Cy7 ®) (ab239318)
- Anti-HLA-DR antibody [L243] (PE-DyLight™ 594) (ab239320)
- Anti-HLA-DR antibody [L243] (redFluor™ 710) (ab253079)
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab136320 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|WB||Use at an assay dependent concentration. Predicted molecular weight: 29 kDa.|
|IP||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|IHC-P||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|IHC-Fr||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|Functional Studies||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|ICC||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|Flow Cyt||Use 0.1µg for 106 cells.
ab170191 - Mouse monoclonal IgG2a, is suitable for use as an isotype control with this antibody.
|Blocking||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
FunctionBinds peptides derived from antigens that access the endocytic route of antigen presenting cells (APC) and presents them on the cell surface for recognition by the CD4 T-cells. The peptide binding cleft accommodates peptides of 10-30 residues. The peptides presented by MHC class II molecules are generated mostly by degradation of proteins that access the endocytic route, where they are processed by lysosomal proteases and other hydrolases. Exogenous antigens that have been endocytosed by the APC are thus readily available for presentation via MHC II molecules, and for this reason this antigen presentation pathway is usually referred to as exogenous. As membrane proteins on their way to degradation in lysosomes as part of their normal turn-over are also contained in the endosomal/lysosomal compartments, exogenous antigens must compete with those derived from endogenous components. Autophagy is also a source of endogenous peptides, autophagosomes constitutively fuse with MHC class II loading compartments. In addition to APCs, other cells of the gastrointestinal tract, such as epithelial cells, express MHC class II molecules and CD74 and act as APCs, which is an unusual trait of the GI tract. To produce a MHC class II molecule that presents an antigen, three MHC class II molecules (heterodimers of an alpha and a beta chain) associate with a CD74 trimer in the ER to form an heterononamer. Soon after the entry of this complex into the endosomal/lysosomal system where antigen processing occurs, CD74 undergoes a sequential degradation by various proteases, including CTSS and CTSL, leaving a small fragment termed CLIP (class-II-associated invariant chain peptide). The removal of CLIP is facilitated by HLA-DM via direct binding to the alpha-beta-CLIP complex so that CLIP is released. HLA-DM stabilizes MHC class II molecules until primary high affinity antigenic peptides are bound. The MHC II molecule bound to a peptide is then transported to the cell membrane surface. In B-cells, the interaction between HLA-DM and MHC class II molecules is regulated by HLA-DO. Primary dendritic cells (DCs) also to express HLA-DO. Lysosomal miroenvironment has been implicated in the regulation of antigen loading into MHC II molecules, increased acidification produces increased proteolysis and efficient peptide loading.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the MHC class II family.
Contains 1 Ig-like C1-type (immunoglobulin-like) domain.
modificationsUbiquitinated by MARCH1 or MARCH8 at Lys-244 leading to down-regulation of MHC class II. When associated with ubiquitination of the beta subunit of HLA-DR: HLA-DRB4 'Lys-254', the down-regulation of MHC class II may be highly effective.
Cellular localizationCell membrane. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Golgi apparatus > trans-Golgi network membrane. Endosome membrane. Lysosome membrane. Late endosome membrane. The MHC class II complex transits through a number of intracellular compartments in the endocytic pathway until it reaches the cell membrane for antigen presentation.
- Information by UniProt
- DASS-397D15.1 antibody
- DR alpha chain antibody
- DR alpha chain precursor antibody
Flow Cytometry analysis of human peripheral blood cells labeling HLA DR with ab136320, followed by a Goat anti-mouse-APC secondary.
Human peripheral blood lymphocytes stained with ab136320 (red line). Human whole blood was processed using a modified protocol based on Chow et al, 2005 (PMID: 16080188).
In brief, human whole blood was fixed in 4% formaldehyde (methanol-free) for 10 minutes at 22°C. Red blood cells were then lyzed by the addition of Triton X-100 (final concentration - 0.1%) for 15 minutes at 37°C. For experimentation, cells were treated with 50% methanol (-20°C) for 15 minutes at 4°C. Cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab136320, 0.1μg/1x106 cells) for 30 minutes at 4°C. The secondary antibody used was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-mouse IgG (H&L) (ab150113) at 1/2000 dilution for 30 minutes at 4°C. Isotype control antibody (black line) was mouse IgG2a [ICIGG2A] (ab91361, 0.1μg/1x106cells) used under the same conditions. Unlabeled sample (blue line) was also used as a control. Acquisition of >30,000 total events were collected using a solid-state 25mW red diode laser (635nm) and 675/30 bandpass filter. Gating strategy - peripheral blood lymphocytes.
This product has been referenced in:
- Zhou ZQ et al. Adipose extracellular matrix promotes skin wound healing by inducing the differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells into fibroblasts. Int J Mol Med 43:890-900 (2019). Read more (PubMed: 30535488) »
- Zheng SX et al. Feasibility analysis of treating severe intrauterine adhesions by transplanting menstrual blood-derived stem cells. Int J Mol Med 41:2201-2212 (2018). Read more (PubMed: 29393381) »